Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

An Analysis of Spin-Diffusion Dominated Ferrofluid Spin-Up Flows in Uniform Rotating Magnetic Fields

S. Khushrushahi[1], A. Guerrero[2], C. Rinaldi[3], and M. Zahn[1]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA
[2]Univeridad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia
[3]University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, Mayaguez, PR

This work analyzes the spin-diffusion dominated explanation for spin-up bulk flows in ferrofluid filled cylinders, with no free surface, subjected to a uniform rotating magnetic field. COMSOL results are compared to experimental results and analytical results. Simulating ferrofluid spin-up flows have many subtleties, especially when using a single domain region to model the ferrofluid cylinder ...

Analysis of Microwave Radiation for Heating

J. Crompton, S. Yushanov, L. Gritter, and K. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies, LLC.
Columbus, OH

Microwave heating is an important process for many commercial, industrial and household applications. In microwave heating applications, the energy is introduced directly into the volume of the material. As a consequence the quality of the process is highly dependent on the uniformity of the electromagnetic field distribution. Thus, developing a uniform electromagnetic field inside the ...

Effect of Channel Width on Fuel Cell Performance Using 3D Modelling

R. Pushpangadan, S. S. Dimble, and S. P. Duttagupta
IIT Bombay
Maharasthra, India

A three Dimensional model of the PEM Fuel cell is implemented using COMSOL Multiphysics and the channel width is varied to study the performance.Effect of channel width on the performance of the cell is studied by varying the width of the channel and keeping channel width to rib ratio constant at 1. Rib width is the width of the GDL area which is not covered by the channel. All other parameters ...

Using Computational Multiphysics to Optimise Channel Design for a Novel PEM Fuel Cell Stack

F. A. Daniels[1], D. J. L. Brett[1], A. R. Kucernak[2], and C. Attingre[2]
[1]University College London, London, UK
[2]Imperial College London, London, UK

Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells have significant potential as a source of clean, efficient energy production. This study presents a three-dimensional, non-isothermal, fully-coupled model of a PEM fuel cell with printed circuit board current collectors. The effect of the current collector design on transport phenomena and consequent cell performance is investigated. The model ...

Single Crystal Diamond NEMS Switch

M. Liao
Optical and Electronic Materials Unit
National Institute for Materials Science

A single-crystal diamond NEMS switch was fabricated while batch production of SCD MEMS/NEMS structures were developed. The diamond NEMS switches exhibit high performance with respect to high controllability, high reproducibility, and good reliability. Modeling and simulations were made that were consistent with experiments.

COMSOL Multiphysics in Modeling MOCVDs

Y. Shimogaki
Shimogaki Laboratory
Department of Materials Engineering,
The University of Tokyo

This paper showed that: * SAG-MOCVD is a powerful tool to fabricate OEICs and is also effective to extract true surface kinetics during MOCVD. * GaAs-MOCVD process was examined by SAG analysis where it was seen that below 600ÂșC, surface kinetics shows non-linear behavior. * Surface reaction rate constant of adsorbed species was constant against offset angle, while adsorption equilibrium ...

Bone Remodeling Following Total Hip Replacement: Short Stem Versus Long Stem Implants

M.S. Yeoman[1], A. Cizinauskas[1], C. Lowry[2], G. Vincent[3], S. Collins[3], D. Simpson[3]
[1]Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
[2]Corin Group, Cirencester, United Kingdom
[3]Imoprhics, Manchester, United Kingdom

Bone resorption around hip stems, in particular periprosthetic bone loss, is a common observation post-operatively. A number of factors influence the amount of bone loss over time and the mechanical environment following total hip replacement (THR) is important. Conventional long stem prostheses have been shown to transfer loads distally, resulting in bone loss of the proximal femur. More ...

COMSOL Computational Fluid Dynamics for Microreactors Used in Volatile Organic Compounds Catalytic Elimination

M. Olea[1], S. Odiba[1], S. Hodgson[1], A. Adgar[1]
[1]School of Science and Engineering, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that will evaporate easily into the air at room temperature and contribute majorly to the formation of photochemical ozone. They are emitted as gases from certain solids and liquids in to the atmosphere and affect indoor and outdoor air quality. They includes acetone, benzene, ethylene glycol, formaldehyde, methylene chloride, ...

Numerical Study of the Scattering of a Short-Pulse Plane Wave by a Buried Sphere in a Lossy Medium

F. Frezza[1], F. Mangini[1], M. Muzi[2], P. Nocito[3], E. Stoja[1], N. Tedeschi[1]
[1]Department of Information Engineering, Electronics and Telecommunications, "La Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy
[2]Institute of Advanced Biomedical Imaging, "G. d'Annuzio" University Fondation, University "G. d'Annuzio" Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy
[3]Istituto Superiore C.T.I., Communications Department, Ministry of Economic Development, Rome, Italy

The scattering by a buried sphere in the frequency domain with the use of the Finite Element Method (FEM) implemented by COMSOL Multiphysics, is analyzed. A short-pulse is used as an excitation with the spectrum spanning from 50 MHz to 1 GHz. In order to validate our results, a comparison with data available in the literature is presented, in the simple case of a perfectly-conducting (PEC) ...

Modeling Thermal Bridging at Interface Conditions: Analysis of Solutions for Reducing Thermal Bridges Effects on Building Energy Consumption

C. Balocco[1], E. Marmonti[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Energetica, UniversitĂ  di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

In Europe considerable building activity can be expected over the coming decades; Net Zero Energy Buildings refers to a building with minimal power, until maximum 15 kW/m^2. In both cases this requires very well insulated buildings with minimal thermal bridges. Concrete balconies, that extend the floor slab through the building envelope, are a common example of thermal bridging, where structural ...

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