Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Activation Imaging of the Heart using Diffusion Models

R. Abou-Marie, and A. Jeremic
McMaster University, Canada

The inverse problem of electrocardiography involves determining information about the electrical activity of the heart from measurements on the body surface. The estimation of certain physiological parameters can potentially improve early detection of heart disease. In this study, we present an algorithm for estimating parameters that characterize the electrical activation. Estimation of ...

The Electrical Impedance Image Reconstruction Using COMSOL MULTIPHYSICS

Kuo-Sheng Cheng[1]
[1]Department of Biomedical Engineering, Institute of Oral Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan

Electrical impedance tomography is a non-invasive, low-cost medical imaging technique that can be used long term without radiation hazards. We built a model of the torso, and then used COMSOL Multiphysics® to simulate applied current patterns, compute voltages, and find equi-potential lines. We used a filter backprojection algorithm to find the internal resistivity distribution. The results ...

Simulation of the Temperature Profile During Welding with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Using Rosenthal's Approach

A. Lecoanet[1], D. G. Ivey[1], H. Henein[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

A 3D finite element analysis is carried out, using COMSOL® software, to reproduce the thermal profile obtained with Rosenthal’s equation. The implemented heat transfer equation has been modified as a means to approximate Rosenthal’s solution. An analysis of the differences between the simulation and Rosenthal’s solution, when the geometry of the domain and the source are changed, has been ...

Estimation of Hydraulic Conductivity for a Heterogeneous Unsaturated Soil Using Electrical Resistivity and Level-Set Methods

T. K. Chou[1], M. Chouteau[1], J. S. Dubé[2]
[1]École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
[2]École de Technologie Supérieure, Montréal, QC, Canada

The estimation of the soil saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) is crucial in understanding water flow and transport of contaminants. There are many hydrological techniques available in determining this parameter (constant head method, in-situ soil analysis, etc...). While these techniques can provide quality data points, they are often limited by sparse data sampling and scale. Therefore ...

Calibration of a Geothermal Energy Pile Model

R. Caulk[1], J. McCartney[2], E. Ghazanfari[1]
[1]University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA
[2]University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA

In this study, a model of in-situ geothermal energy piles was constructed using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Geothermal energy piles serve two purposes, first to transfer building load into the subsurface, but also to extract thermal heat from surrounding soils. This is achieved using a heat pump coupled with embedded heat exchangers. As a result, a multiphysics problem is introduced - heat ...

An Improved Loudspeaker Frequency Response by Using a Structure of Rigid Absorptive Panel in a Vented Cabinet

R. Balistreri[1]
[1]Community Light & Sound Inc., Chester, PA, USA

When placing a loudspeaker in a cabinet, standing waves inside the cabinet affect the frequency response with ripples. This peaks and dips due to pressure cancellation inside the cabinet have an effect on the diaphragm and generating sound out from the vents. If it was in a condition of total absorption of the sound waves at the back of the diaphragm, the transducer would otherwise have a much ...

Fluid Leakage Across a Pressure Seal

R. P. Ruby[1], G. Kulkarni[2], U. Kanade[1]
[1]Noumenon Multiphysics Pvt. Ltd., Pune, Maharashtra, India
[2]Oneirix Engineering Laboratories Pvt. Ltd., Pune, Maharashtra, India

Seals or gaskets that are compressed between walls of a container are important to many industrial applications. In this paper we present a fluid flow model for predicting the sealing performance of such seals. A computational study using COMSOL Multiphysics® software suggests very strong simplifications to the postulated flow equations.

Numerical Simulation of Thermal Runaway in a THz GaAs Photoconductor

S. Sarodia[1,2], W. Zhang[2], E. Brown[2]
[1]Centerville High School, Dayton, OH, USA
[2]Wright State University, Dayton, OH, USA

Ultrafast terahertz photoconductor devices, especially photomixers, are usually limited in output power by device failure thought to be caused by excessive temperatures. Therefore, understanding of thermal breakdown is essential to the study of device reliability and failure of photoconductors. We performed a series of simulations to determine the electronic and thermal thresholds responsible ...

Modeling of Anisotropic Laminated Magnetic Cores Using Homogenization Approaches

H. Neubert[1], J. Ziske[1], R. Disselnkötter[2]
[1]Technische Universität Dresden, Institute of Electromechanical and Electronic Design, Dresden, Germany
[2]ABB Corporate Research Center, Ladenburg, Germany

3D-modeling of magnetic components with FEM is challenging due to the involved nonlinearities and coupling effects between different physical domains. A specific issue is the consideration of lamination due to the high resulting element count for thin layers. Therefore, several homogenization approaches for laminated cores have been proposed which replace the laminated structure with a single ...

Enhanced Surface Plasmon Polariton Propagation Induced by Active Dielectrics

M. Mattheakis[1], C. Athanasopoulos[1], G. P. Tsironis[1]
[1]University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece

We present numerical simulations for the propagation of surface plasmon polaritons in a dielectric-metal-dielectric waveguide using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. We show that the use of an active dielectric with gain that compensates metal absorption losses enhances substantially plasmon propagation. Furthermore, the introduction of the active material induces, for a specific gain value, a ...

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