Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Smoothing the Path to Simulation-Led Device Design

B. Pryor, and R. Pryor
Pryor Knowledge Systems
Bloomfield Hills, MI

Using modeling software such as COMSOL Multiphysics during the design phase, an approach called “simulation-led design”, allows ideas to be both inspired and validated by the use of simulations. Then, using simulations after the product is designed can shorten the prototype-testing portion of the development process and reduce its cost. This paper provides specifics on the nature of the ...

Hybrid FEM-BEM Approach for Two- and Three-Dimensional Open Boundary Magnetostatic Problems

A.Weddemann[1], D. Kappe[2], and A. Hütten[2]
[1]Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge MA, USA
[2]Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany

In principal, the calculation of the magnetic state inside a magnetic object requires the evaluation of the field in the entire unbounded space. With finite element methods restricted to finite domains, commonly auxiliary domains are employed which result in a non-physical cut-off. Not only are these additional domains result in an increased number of degrees of freedom which are strictly ...

Double Pipe Heat Exchanger Modelling - COMSOL Uses in Undergraduate Education

L. Desgrosseilliers, and D. Groulx
Mechanical Engineering
Dalhousie University
Halifax, NS
Canada

A cornerstone of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering undergraduate programs the world over is the experimental and theoretical study of heat exchange. Graduating engineering students gain some appreciation in their lab course by comparing empirical correlations combined with the thermodynamics of heat exchange with the real operation of a counter-current, double pipe, single-phase heat exchanger.

Finite Element Convergence for Time-Dependent PDEs with a Point Source in COMSOL 4

M. Gobbert, and D. Trott
University of Maryland Baltimore County
Baltimore, MD

Many application problems have non-smooth forcing terms, such as the Dirac delta function. The convergence order for the FEM solution is limited by the regularity of the solution in this case. This paper presents information on the techniques needed in COMSOL 4 to enable FEM convergence studies for time-dependent problems of this type, including how to correctly implement the Dirac delta ...

Material Characterization Method Development: From Education to Design Optimization

C. Morgan[1], N. Kenkare[1], M. Williams[2], A. Peterson[2], and D. Williams[2]
[1]Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D, Duluth, GA
[2]Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D and Georgia Institute of Technology Co-op Program, GA

Introduction of silicone hydrogel contact lens materials provided products of unprecedented capability to deliver oxygen to the eye during wear. One additional material characteristic of interest is the material’s permeability to ions. This paper discusses descriptive tools and optimization of an impedance method of characterizing ion permeability. A physical model of conductive paper with ...

Multiphysics Simulations in Complex 3D Geometry of the High Flux Isotope Reactor Fuel Elements using COMSOL

J. Freels, and P. Jain
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Oak Ridge, TN

A current research and development project is ongoing to convert the operating High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) from highly-enriched uranium (HEU U3-O8) fuel to low-enriched uranium (LEU U-Mo) fuel. Because LEU HFIR-specific testing and experiments will be limited, we are relying on COMSOL to provide the needed multiphysics simulation capability to validate ...

Making Cartograms and Using them for Data Acquisition

P. Mercure[1], and R. Haley[2]
[1]The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI
[2]ATM Research, Midland, MI

We demonstrate cartogram construction, where a geographical map is distorted to represent some measure, for example population, while trying to keep the shape of regions recognizable. We then apply this cartogram construction technique to optimize thermocouple locations. A heat generation and conduction model is used initialize the cartogram construction algorithm. A uniform distribution of ...

Shape Optimization of Electric and Magnetic System using Level Set Technique and Sensitivity Analysis

Y. Sun Kim, A. Weddemann, J. Jadidian, S. Khushrushahi, and M. Zahn
Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
MIT
Cambridge, MA

The classical optimization method has been applied to many design problems for electromagnetic systems. One of its major difficulties is related to meshing problems arising from shape modifications. In order to circumvent these kinds of technical difficulties with moving mesh problems, several researches have tried to formulate shape optimization with fixed mesh analyses based on fixed grid ...

Coupled Magnetodynamic and Electric Circuit Models for Superconducting Fault Current Limiter

L. Graber[1], J. Kvitkovic[1], T. Chiocchio[1], M. Steurer[1], S. Pamidi[1], and A. Usoskin[2]
[1]Center for Advanced Power Systems, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL
[2]Bruker Energy & Supercon Technologies Inc., Billerica, MA

Finite element models, which include the shielding characteristics of superconductors are often complex and would currently not allow us to study 3D models of devices of complex geometry such as fault current limiters. We propose instead a model based on variable electric conductivity, which is suitable to simulate magnetic field characteristics of inductive superconducting fault current ...

Solving the Paraxial Wave Equation using COMSOL

P. Mikulski, K. Mcilhany, and R. Malek-Madani
United States Naval Academy
Annapolis, MD

Here we present and discuss numerical solutions to the paraxial wave equation using COMSOL (2D, PDE, General Form, time-dependent analysis). Ultimately, the goal is to extend this treatment of free-space beam propagation to the case of propagation through a medium that is non-uniform and subject to non-linear effects where the beam itself is modifying the properties of the medium in which it is ...

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