A. Atalla, and A. Jeremic
McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
The inverse diffusion problems deal with the estimation of many crucial parameters such as the diffusion coefficient, source properties, and boundary conditions. Such algorithms are widely applied in many design problems in different physical, chemical, and biological fields. Recently, the estimation of the boundary properties, of the diffusion process, have attracted researchers. We first ...
J. van Schijndel, S. Uittenbosch, and T. Thomassen
Eindhoven University of Technology
The paper presents the development of a method that determines building material and surface properties using relative simple and low-budget experiments, The method comprehends an optimal design of an experimental set up for smart determination of heat and moisture properties using both normal and inverse modeling techniques. It is concluded that the suggested methodology of the inverse ...
P. Mercure, and R. Haley
The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI
ATM Research, Midland, MI
We demonstrate cartogram construction, where a geographical map is distorted to represent some measure, for example population, while trying to keep the shape of regions recognizable. We then apply this cartogram construction technique to optimize thermocouple locations. A heat generation and conduction model is used initialize the cartogram construction algorithm. A uniform distribution of ...
N. Martaj, P. Rochelle, L. Grosu, R. Bennacer, and S. Savarese
Universitè de Paris, Paris, France
Institut Jean Le Rond d'Alembert, Université Paris 6
Laboratoire LEEVAM «Environnement, Energétique, Valorisation, Matériaux», Universitéde Cergy-Pontoise
COMSOL France, 5 pl. R Schuman, 38000 Grenoble
The alternative engines of Stirling type, are engines running on "hot air", using both an external heat source and regeneration. They should be considered as an alternative for the effective conversion of renewable energy sources into work, with their theoretical yield equal to the theoretical Carnot limit. The output efficiency and the power of these engines are strongly related to the ...
A.W.M. van Schijndel
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Chaotic systems may lead to instability, extreme sensitivity and performance reduction. Therefore it is unwanted in many cases. Due to these undesirable characteristics of chaos in practical systems, it is important to recognize such a chaotic behavior. The existence of chaos has been discovered in several areas during the last 30 years. However, there is a lack of studies in relation with ...
Modeling Dispersal of Genetic Information in Structured Agricultural Landscapes with Partial Differential Equations
K. Lipsius, and O. Richter
Institute of Geoecology, TU Braunschweig, Germany
We present a model for plant dispersal in agricultural landscapes to evaluate the gene dispersal from genetically modified (GM) plants. Dispersal from seed and pollen is modeled with partial differential equations. In scenarios, we investigated the effect of roadside application of non-selective herbicides on dispersal of herbicide tolerant oilseed rape (HT OSR). We showed that OSR growing on ...
J. Lebowitz, and W.M. Clark
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
We are testing the hypothesis that the simulation of laboratory equipment will solidify the link between experiment and theory and provide improved learning for senior chemical engineering undergraduates. We developed a simulation of an industrially important gas permeation experiment in which air is separated into an oxygen-rich stream and an oxygen-depleted stream using a hollow fiber ...
T. Xu, C.K.A. Mewes, S. Gupta, and W.H. Butler
Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Materials for Information Technology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering and Center for Materials for Information Technology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
The Giant Magneto Resistance (GMR) effect is a quantum mechanical effect which can be observed in systems consisting of thin alternating ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic layers. Simulation using COMSOL allows the evaluation of the magneto-resistance ratio and the electrical resistances of realistic CPP-GMR devices and opens the possibility to study new device materials and designs.
R. S. Wadhwa, T. Lien, and G. Monkman
NTNU Valgrinda, Inst. for produksjons- og kvalitetstek., Trondheim, Norway
FH Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany
The magnetic field gradient produced by an electromagnet gripper head depends on its design. Stochastic Methods offer certain robustness to the design optimization process. In this paper, Improved Discrete Particle Swarm Optimization (IDPSO) searching technique is applied to the shape and magnetic field gradient optimization of an electromagnet head. The magnetic field and forces are computed ...
C. Morgan, N. Kenkare, M. Williams, A. Peterson, and D. Williams
Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D, Duluth, GA
Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D and Georgia Institute of Technology Co-op Program, GA
Introduction of silicone hydrogel contact lens materials provided products of unprecedented capability to deliver oxygen to the eye during wear. One additional material characteristic of interest is the material’s permeability to ions. This paper discusses descriptive tools and optimization of an impedance method of characterizing ion permeability. A physical model of conductive paper with ...