Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Simulation of Concentration Polarization to Estimate Gypsum and Calcium Carbonate Scaling on Membrane Surfaces

A. Santafé-Moros[1], J.M. Gozálvez-Zafrilla[1]
[1]Institute for Industrial, Radiophysical and Environmental Safety (ISIRYM) - Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

This paper shows a model to estimate the scaling parameters for reverse osmosis membrane processes. The model takes into account the concentration polarization of ionic species in the membrane channel of spiral-wound modules and the effect of the spacers on the flow. The scaling potential of calcium carbonate and sulfate carbonate (gypsum) salts were studied, as they are common sparingly salts ...

Combustion Of Kerosene-Air Mixtures In A Closed Vessel

C. Strozzi, P. Gillard, and J-M. Pascaud
Institut PRISME, Bourges, France

The aim of this work is to present a simple multiphysics simulation using COMSOL able to describe combustion of kerosene vapours in a closed vessel. The emphasis is on the mechanical effects of the reactive processes. The evolution of the thermodynamical variables (pressure, temperature, concentrations…) is obtained by solving several coupled transport equations for: the mass continuity, the ...

Numerical Simulation of Forced and Static Smoldering Combustion

S. Singer[1], W. H. Green[1]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

Transient, two-dimensional (axisymmetric) simulations of a cigarette subject to realistic static and forward smoldering cycles were performed. The computational domain consists of a porous packed bed of tobacco and a filter surrounded by a thin, porous paper and a region of surrounding air. The governing equations include overall mass conservation, momentum conservation, conservation equations ...

Modeling and Simulation of Drug Release Through Polymer Hydrogels

V. Runkana[1], S. Maheshwari[1], S. Cherlo[1], RSR Thavva[1]
[1]Tata Research Development and Design Centre, Tata Consultancy Services Ltd., Pune, Maharashtra, India

Polymer hydrogels are commonly used as carriers or vehicles for the controlled release of drugs, primarily because of their bio-compatibility and because rates of drug release can be controlled by manipulating polymer properties like molecular weight, cross linking ratio, etc. Drugs can be released for prolonged periods of time through polymer hydrogels [1, 2]. Sustained drug release may ...

Electrohydrodynamic Micropump Modeling for Performance Optimization

A. Mulye[1], S. Potnis[2]
[1]Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA
[2]VIT, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

We present an optimized and efficient design of an electrohydrodynamic (EHD) micropump for high performance in microscale and biological applications. We are targeting two major applications, a parylene C design for electrically-actuated medicine delivery, and a silicon-based pump design for on-chip cooling of microprocessors and SOCs. The EHD micropump works on the movement of microscale ...

Entropic Evaluation of Dean Flow Micromixers

P. S. Fodor[1], M. Kaufman[1]
[1]Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH, USA

In this work we investigate computationally the use of spiral channels at Reynolds numbers from 25 to 900 as a mixing structure (Figure 1) using COMSOL Multiphysics, the CFD Module, and the Chemical Species Transport physics. In this system, the centrifugal forces experienced by the fluid as it travels along the curved trajectory induce counter-rotating flows. The presence of these transversal ...

Advanced Modeling of Friction Stir Welding – Improved Material Model for Aluminum Alloys and Modeling of Different Materials with Different Properties by Using the Level Set Method

S. Dörfler
Wilhelm Gronbach GmbH, Wasserburg a. Inn, Germany

Friction Stir Welding (FSW) has gained much importance throughout the last years. Beside comprehensive experimental work that has been carried out, the simulation of the welding zone is of major interest.  Due to the high strains observed within the welding zone, the Eulerian (CFD) approach seems to be the most promising for the prediction of flow around the FSW tool. However, the CFD ...

Theoretical and Practical Approach for Transdermal Drug Delivery using Microneedle for Successful Skin Penetration

Jeevan J.Mahakud[1], Ziaur Reheman[2]
[1]Department of electronics and Communication engineering, Institute of technical education and research, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
[2]Department of electronics and instrumentation engineering, Institute of technical education and research, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

With the advent of MEMS, transdermal drug delivery has been developed to increase skin permeability for drug transport. Various microneedle structures have been analyzed theoretically as well as through simulation using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Then computational fluid dynamics has been presented in order to study the behavior of the fluid flow inside the microneedle cavity. In this report, the ...

Numerical Simulation of Moving Boundary Problems with the ALE Method: Validation in the Case of a Free Surface and a Moving Solidification Front

M. Carin
Université de Bretagne Sud

This work investigates numerical simulations of problems involving moving boundaries. The first case concerns the simulation of incompressible Newtonian fluid flow problems with free surfaces in the presence of surface tension (the sloshing problem). The second case deals with a problem of heat transfer in the presence of an advancing solidification front (the Stefan problem).

Modeling of a Helical Coil Heat Exchanger for Sodium Alanate Based on-board Hydrogen Storage System

S. Kumar[1], and M. Raju[2]
[1]General Motors R&D Center, Warren, MI, USA
[2]Optimal CAE Inc., Detroit, MI, USA

Hydrogen refueling in a metal hydride based automotive hydrogen storage system is an exothermic reaction and hence an efficient heat exchanger is required to remove the heat for fast refueling. In this paper a helical coil heat exchanger embedded in a sodium alanate bed is modeled using COMSOL. Sodium alanate is present in the shell and the coolant flows through the helical tube. A ...

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