Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

2-D Modeling of Underground Coal Gasification (UCG)

S. Mahajani[1], S. Srikantiah[1], G. Samdani[1], A. Ganesh[1], P. Aghalayam[2]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[2]Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India

UCG is a process which converts coal to syn gas at the underground coal seam itself. UCG can help meeting the rising energy demand by utilizing coal resources that otherwise would be too deep, or of poor quality, or simply not economical to mine. As UCG takes place, a cavity is formed underground in the coal seam which grows three-dimensionally. The objective of this work is to develop a ...

Modeling a Combined Photovoltaic-Thermal Panel

E. Gutierrez-Miravete[1], B. Fontenault[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA

A novel combined photovoltaic-thermal panel can simultaneously increase the conversion efficiency of the PV cell and utilize some of the excess thermal energy created by the conversion process (see Figure 1). The Conjugate Heat Transfer physics in COMSOL was used to create a two-dimensional, steady state model of such a combined photovoltaic cell-thermal panel. Figure 2 shows a magnified view of ...

Modeling of Chloride Transport in Cracked Concrete: a 3-D Image–Based Microstructure Simulation

Y. Lu[1], E. Garboczi[1], D. Bentz[1]
[1]National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA

The prediction of concrete materials service life is not easy, because the complex heterogeneous microstructure and the random nature of concrete materials. Study the presence of cracks in concrete and their effect on coupled reaction and transport are of great interest in civil engineering. Cracks with different widths and depths will reduce the cover thickness and accelerate the migration of ...

Entropic Evaluation of Dean Flow Micromixers

P. S. Fodor[1], M. Kaufman[1]
[1]Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH, USA

In this work we investigate computationally the use of spiral channels at Reynolds numbers from 25 to 900 as a mixing structure (Figure 1) using COMSOL Multiphysics, the CFD Module, and the Chemical Species Transport physics. In this system, the centrifugal forces experienced by the fluid as it travels along the curved trajectory induce counter-rotating flows. The presence of these transversal ...

Numerical Simulation of Concentration Polarization to Estimate Gypsum and Calcium Carbonate Scaling on Membrane Surfaces

A. Santafé-Moros[1], J.M. Gozálvez-Zafrilla[1]
[1]Institute for Industrial, Radiophysical and Environmental Safety (ISIRYM) - Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

This paper shows a model to estimate the scaling parameters for reverse osmosis membrane processes. The model takes into account the concentration polarization of ionic species in the membrane channel of spiral-wound modules and the effect of the spacers on the flow. The scaling potential of calcium carbonate and sulfate carbonate (gypsum) salts were studied, as they are common sparingly salts ...

Ammonia Removal From Water by a Liquid-Liquid Membrane Contactor Under a Closed Loop Regime

E. Licon[1], S. Casas[1], A. Alcaraz[1], J.L. Cortina[1], C. Valderrama[1]
[1]Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain

Ammonia separation from water by membrane contactor was simulated on transient state and compared with experimental data. Aqueous low concentrated solution of ammonium with high pH has been pumped inside the hydrophobic hollow fibers, acid solution in the outside part. The system is in closed loop configuration. In order to simulate the separation process, equations were developed considering ...

Electrohydrodynamic Micropump Modeling for Performance Optimization

A. Mulye[1], S. Potnis[2]
[1]Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA
[2]VIT, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

We present an optimized and efficient design of an electrohydrodynamic (EHD) micropump for high performance in microscale and biological applications. We are targeting two major applications, a parylene C design for electrically-actuated medicine delivery, and a silicon-based pump design for on-chip cooling of microprocessors and SOCs. The EHD micropump works on the movement of microscale ...

Modelling and Simulation of Single Phase Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Packed Beds using COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Sachdev[1], S. Pareek[1], B. Mahadevan[1], A. Deshpande[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, BITS Pilani Goa Campus, Zuarinagar, Goa, India

Computational fluid dynamics has emerged as an advanced tool for studying detailed behavior of fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics in many chemical engineering applications like packed beds. Packed beds play an important role in various chemical industries. Hence understanding the fluid flow behavior and temperature variation in different sections of packed bed is essential. Geometric ...

Modeling of Supercapacitor

G. Madabattula[1], S. K. Gupta[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Low cost high energy density batteries that can be charged and discharged rapidly are required in a number of applications. Tapping energy from renewal resources such as solar, wind and tide requires rapidly generated energy to be first stored and then used round the clock. Storing energy of a moving vehicle as it slows down and recovering it to accelerate the vehicle later can significantly ...

Three-Dimensional (3D) Modeling of Heat and Mass Transfer during Microwave Drying of Potatoes

H. Zhu[1][2], T. Gulati[2], A. K. Datta[2], K. Huang[1]
[1]Institute of Applied Electromagnetics, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
[2]Department of Biological and Environment Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Microwave drying of fruits and vegetables in a domestic oven has been found to result in large textural changes in the product such as puffing, crack formation and even burning due to the inhomogeneous heating of the microwaves. Microwave drying of potatoes is a complex interplay of mass, momentum and energy transport. Three phases are considered in the system: solid (skeleton), liquid (water) ...

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