Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Sound Propagation through Circular Ducts with Spiral Element Inside

W. Lapka
Poznan University of Technology, Poland

This paper examines a sound propagation without airflow through circular ducts with spiral element inside. Models are numerically computed in three-dimensions. The spiral element in the duct is a newly analyzed acoustical element, geometrically similar to the well-known Archimedes screw. It can be applied significantly in ducted systems, such as ventilation, air-conditioning and heat ...

Symmetric Stack Model of a Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) with Indirect Reforming

M. Pfafferodt[1], P. Heidebrecht[2], and K. Sundmacher[1,2]
[1]Otto-von-Guericke-University, Magdeburg, Germany
[2]Max-Planck-Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Magdeburg, Germany

A model of a Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) stack with internal reforming is presented.  It describes the concentrations in the gas phase, the temperatures and the current densities in this highly integrated system. The differential equations, boundary conditions and the coupling equations used in the model are presented. A strategy to solve the system of partial differential ...

Fluidmechanical Damping Analysis of Resonant Micromirrors with Out-of-plane Comb Drive

T. Klose[1], H. Conrad[2], T. Sandner[1], and H. Schenk[1]

[1]Fraunhofer Institute Photonic Microsystems (FhG-IPMS), Germany
[2]TU Dresden, Semiconductor and Microsystems Technology Laboratory, Germany

Damping is the liminting factor for the reachable maximum deflection. Thus, it is a very important issue for resonant microsystems. In this paper, we present a damping model for out-of-plane comb driven resonant micromirrors. The basic concept of this model is to attribute viscous damping in the comb gaps as the dominant contributor of damping moments. The model is extended by findings from a ...

A Multiphysics Approach to Fundamental Conjugate Drying by Forced Convection

M. de Bonis, and G. Ruocco
DITEC, Universitµa degli studi della Basilicata, Campus Macchia Romana, Potenza, Italy

Heat and mass transfer involved in drying is studied by using COMSOL 3.4. The effect of air temperature on the performance of the drying process applied to fresh food slices is scrutinized. COMSOL’s flexible formulation is exploited by using special drying kinetics for the substrate, and by including a treatment of the dependence of the properties upon the residual moisture content. The model ...

Magnetic Ratchet

A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, A. Weddemann, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, University of Bielefeld, Germany

Transport phenomena in spatially periodic magnetic systems, in particular the directed transport of magnetic beads in a so called magnetic ratchet (Brownian motor) are considered. Simulations are carried out to test and optimize this system, where the Smoluchowski equation with flux terms for the magnetic and gravitational force is used. Furthermore, experiments are carried out to verify the ...

Simulation of the Shape of Micro Geometries Generated with Jet Electrochemical Machining

M. Hackert[1], G. Meichsner[2], and A. Schubert[1,2]
[1]Micromanufacturing Technology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer Institute of Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany

Electrochemical Machining with a closed electrolytic free jet is a special procedure to generate complex micro structures by help of anodic dissolution. The work piece shape is fabricated by supplying an electrolytic current through an electrolyte jet ejected from a small nozzle. In this study COMSOL Multiphysics is used to simulate the electric current density in the jet and the dissolution ...

Micro Cooling of SQUID Sensor

B. Ottosson[1], Y. Jouahri[2], C. Rusu[1], and P. Enoksson[2]
[1]Imego AB, Gothenburg, Sweden
[2]Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden

The objective of this work has been to realize a feasibility study of a cooling device for a SQUID sensor using liquid nitrogen flowing through micro channels. The design consists of an epoxy cylindrical vacuum vessel skewed by a silicon microchannel heat sink. The SQUID sensor is situated directly on top of the microchannel heat sink. The device is used at room temperature and should be able to ...

Desorption Simulation of a Highly Dynamic Metal Hydride Storage System

D. Wenger[1], W. Polifke[2], and E. Schmidt-Ihn[3]
[1]Wenger Engineering GmbH, Ulm, Germany
[2]Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
[3]Daimler AG, Kirchheim/Teck, Germany

Metal hydrides are a widely-used method for storing and releasing hydrogen chemically under moderate conditions. This paper will present how highly dynamic metal hydride storage has been simulated and optimized using COMSOL Multiphysics. It will be shown how mass, energy and momentum balances were implemented and what boundary conditions were set to resolve various scenarios. The result of the ...

Computation of Three-Dimensional Electromagnetic Fields for an Augmented Reality Environment

A. Buchau, and W. Rucker
Institut für Theorie der Elektrotechnik, Universität Stuttgart, Germany

Augmented reality is predestined for visualization of electromagnetic fields in air or inside transparent matter. Real existing objects are studied and invisible electromagnetic fields are added as virtual objects. Hence, experts as well as students are able to connect electromagnetic fields easily with studied objects. They can concentrate on physical effects instead on reading figures. Here, an ...

Simulation of Current Collector Corrosion Effects on the Efficiency of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells

I. Sgura[1], F. Zarcone[2], and B. Bozzini[2]
[1]Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
[2]Brindisi Fuel Cell Durability Laboratory, Facoltà di Ingegneria Industriale, Università del Salento, Brindisi, Italy

Corrosion and contact ohmic resistance of the stainless steel current collectors in molten carbonates is one of the greatest obstacles to widespread application of molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC). We simulate the variation of material parameters values, accounting for the impact of corrosion of the metallic current collectors on the performance of the porous cathode. Furthermore, we couple a ...

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