Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Thermo Mechanical Behavior of Heat Exchangers

A. Chidley, F. Roger, and A. Traidia
ENSTA Paristech, Palaiseau, France

Nowadays, to go along with sustainable development and for cost matters, automotive heat exchangers are built with less and less aluminum and the process costs are being cut. However, the real mechanical response is a plastic shakedown, which is why we need to model the cyclic response as well as to find a fatigue criterion. A finite element model was developed using COMSOL Multiphysics to ...

Stefan's Problem: Validation of a One-Dimensional Solid-Liquid Phase Change Heat Transfer Process

D. Groulx, and W. Ogoh
Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

A 1D phase change problem, known as Stefan’s problem, for which analytical solutions are available, is solved as a 2D problem using COMSOL Multiphysics. The PCM medium is semi-infinite, initially solid at its melting temperature Tm, and at t = 0, the wall temperature is raised to Tw > Tm, prompting the PCM to start melting, from pure conduction, in a linear fashion starting at x = 0. The ...

Modeling and Simulation of a Piezoelectric Micro-Power Generator

E. Abdel-Rahman, M. Pallapa, M.A.S. Aly, L. Wong, A.I.H. Chen, K.W. Wong, and J.T. Yeow
University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada

Micro-power generators (MPGs) harvest and store small amounts of ambient energy. The motivation of this paper is to compare the MPG modeling and simulation results obtained from COMSOL Multiphysics® with those obtained using three other approaches: CoventorWare®, ANSYS® and lumped element analysis. The MPG is composed of two identical micro-cantilever beams made of a piezoelectric ...

Modeling of Transport and Reaction in a Catalytic Bed Using a Catalyst Particle Model

F. Allain, and A.G. Dixon
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

A packed bed reactor consisting of spherical catalyst particles in a tube was simulated numerically. The steady-state pseudo-heterogeneous model consisted of a pseudo-continuum representation for the heat and mass transfer in the reactor tube. The reaction source terms were evaluated by explicitly solving a 1D spherical pellet model at each discretization point. The model implemented in COMSOL ...

A Directional Dogbone Flextensional Sonar Transducer

S.C. Butler
Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Newport, RI, USA

In order to transmit energy in one direction, sonar flextensional transducers are combined into arrays of elements that are spaced a 1/4 wavelength apart. The directionality (front-to-back pressure ratio) is a modest of 6 dB. A single projector that is 1/3 wavelength in size and capable of developing unidirectional beams with front-to-back ratios greater than 20 dB that is independent of sound ...

COMSOL Assisted Simulation of Laser Engraving

H. Karbasi
Conestoga College, Kitchener, ON, Canada

The main purpose of this paper is to develop a proof of concept software that can simulate the geometry of engraved surfaces and can estimate the depth and width of engraved groove and associated laser parameters. For this purpose, COMSOL has been used to simulate the moving laser beam as a source of heat over physical domain made of different materials. Through interaction modeling of ...

Particle Velocimetry Data From COMSOL Model of Micro-channels

P. Mahanti, M. Keebaugh, N. Weiss, P. Jones, M.A. Hayes, and T. Taylor
Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA

Particle velocimetry using image analysis is an effective non-intrusive method used for fluid velocity field estimation in micro-channels. We use COMSOL with MATLAB to generate velocity fields for micro-channel designs and then calculate changes in particle position for given imaging parameters. This is used to simulate images which can then be used to verify an algorithm\'s performance before ...

Modeling Light Diffraction Using the Finite Element COMSOL

J.D. Bamonte
U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA

COMSOL is finite element modeling software capable of solving partial differential equations. This capability allows for the modeling of boundary value problems, which is necessary to the study of light and the properties of light propagation. For this study, we are modeling Fraunhofer diffraction of light using a solution of the Helmholtz equation with boundary values appropriate for ...

Modeling of a Helical Coil Heat Exchanger for Sodium Alanate Based on-board Hydrogen Storage System

S. Kumar[1], and M. Raju[2]
[1]General Motors R&D Center, Warren, MI, USA
[2]Optimal CAE Inc., Detroit, MI, USA

Hydrogen refueling in a metal hydride based automotive hydrogen storage system is an exothermic reaction and hence an efficient heat exchanger is required to remove the heat for fast refueling. In this paper a helical coil heat exchanger embedded in a sodium alanate bed is modeled using COMSOL. Sodium alanate is present in the shell and the coolant flows through the helical tube. A ...

Computational Methods for Multiphysics Applications with Fluid-structure Interaction

P. Seshaiyer[1], K. Nong[1], S. Garcia[2], E. Aulisa[3], and E. Swim[4]
[1]George Mason University, Farifax, VA, USA
[2]United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
[3]Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA
[4]Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX, USA

Efficient modeling and computation of the nonlinear interaction of fluid with a solid undergoing nonlinear deformation has remained a challenging problem in computational science and engineering. Direct numerical simulation of the non-linear equations, governing even the most simplified fluid-structure interaction model depends on the convergence of iterative solvers which in turn relies heavily ...

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