Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling PIN Photodiodes

R.W. Pryor
Pryor Knowledge Systems Inc., Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA

This paper presents one approach to the modeling of an abrupt junction PIN photodiode light sensor using COMSOL Multiphysics software and the incorporated SPICE® capability. The current model is built using the capabilities of SPICE in COMSOL Multiphysics 4.0. This model demonstrates the use of SPICE and the AC/DC Module to build a conduction current, rather than an electrostatic, model. This ...

Finite Element Analysis of Pipes Considering the Effects of Stress Concentration Due to Dents

S.C. de Oliveira[1], E.P. de Deus[2], and A.M. Mont'Alverne[2]
[1] Funcap/CNPq, CE, Brazil
[2] Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil

This paper presents a numerical analysis of indented pipes based on the Finite Element (FE) within the framework of COMSOL Multiphysics. Numerical models using two-dimensional solid plane strain elements are evaluated. Geometric nonlinear analysis, nonlinear isotropic hardening material and contact were also incorporated into the models. The numerical models are calibrated by using an analytical ...

Uncertainty Analysis, Verification and Validation of a Stress Concentration in a Cantilever Beam

S. Kargar, and D. Bardot
University of Alabama, Huntsville, AL, USA

In this paper we compare the results from a bending cantilever beam experiment with the theoretical values and COMSOL finite element simulation results. In the experiment a simple cantilever beam with a hole is loaded at the end. Measurements are recorded by four strain gauges mounted on the beam, three near the hole and one at a location where the nominal stress is equivalent to that of a ...

Thermo Mechanical Behavior of Heat Exchangers

A. Chidley, F. Roger, and A. Traidia
ENSTA Paristech, Palaiseau, France

Nowadays, to go along with sustainable development and for cost matters, automotive heat exchangers are built with less and less aluminum and the process costs are being cut. However, the real mechanical response is a plastic shakedown, which is why we need to model the cyclic response as well as to find a fatigue criterion. A finite element model was developed using COMSOL Multiphysics to ...

Modeling Energy Harvesting From Membrane Vibrations in COMSOL

R.K. Kapania, R.C. Singh, and C. Sultan
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA

This paper presents an ongoing effort, motivated by developing self-contained sensors for structural health monitoring of inflatable structures, to model the process of extracting useable electrical power from the mechanical vibrations of thin, prestressed membrane structures. Energy harvesting from mechanical vibrations of these structures may provide enough power to operate both the sensors as ...

Using COMSOL for geophysics applications

M. McKenna
U.S. Army Engineer Research & Development Center, Vicksburg, MS, USA

Dr. McKenna is a Research Geophysicist at the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC). She directs the Denied Area Monitoring and Exploitation Systems working group at ERDC, which has ongoing integrated high performance computing modeling and experimental research with the Department of Defense, Department of Energy, Defense Intelligence Agency, Los Alamos National Laboratory ...

Simulation of Heating Sol-Gel Thin Film By Laser Pulse Train

J. Zhang[1], Y. Mizuyama[1], W. Xiong[2], Y. Zhou [2], and Y. Lu[2]
[1]Panasonic Boston Laboratory, Newton, MA, USA
[2]University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA

Simulation of laser pulse-train (25ns, 60 kHz and 3000 pulses) heating Sol-Gel thin film using COMSOL Multiphysics software is investigated. The results show two kinds of temperatures formed on film surface by laser pulse-train heating. One is a single pulse induced transient peak-temperature, which is up to ~1635oC on both Si and glass substrates. The other is the accumulated-temperature ...

The Transient Modeling of Bubble Pinch-Off Using an ALE Moving Mesh

C.J. Forster, and M.K. Smith
Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA

The use of an acoustic field to control the boiling process has the potential to increase the overall rate of heat transfer and delay the critical transition to film boiling. This system is being investigated through the development of a model of a single boiling bubble near a flat, heated, horizontal surface in the presence of an acoustic field. The dynamics of the bubble interface is modelled ...

Understanding Ferrofluid Spin-Up Flows in Rotating Uniform Magnetic Fields

S. Khushrushahi, and M. Zahn
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

A fully filled sphere of ferrofluid has constant demagnetizing factors in all three Cartesian directions such that when subjected to a uniform external rotating magnetic field the internal field is also uniform, and ultrasound measurements give no observable flow. Non-uniform magnetic fields or a non-uniform distribution of susceptibility are necessary conditions for ferrofluid spin-up flows in ...

Modeling of Ferrofluid Passive Cooling System

M. Yang[1,2], R. O'Handley[2], and Z. Fang[2,3]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
[2]Ferro Solutions, Woburn, MA, USA
[3]Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

A ferrofluid contains nanoscale ferromagnetic particles suspended in a carrier liquid. It is used in some high-power acoustic speakers to cool the drive coil. The ferromagnetic particles far from the heat source are attracted by the drive coil’s magnetic field. As the fluid approaches the heat source, its temperature rises, causing the nanoparticles to become paramagnetic. Cooler magnetic fluid ...

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