Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

The Transient Modeling of Bubble Pinch-Off Using an ALE Moving Mesh

C.J. Forster, and M.K. Smith
Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA

The use of an acoustic field to control the boiling process has the potential to increase the overall rate of heat transfer and delay the critical transition to film boiling. This system is being investigated through the development of a model of a single boiling bubble near a flat, heated, horizontal surface in the presence of an acoustic field. The dynamics of the bubble interface is modelled ...

Modeling of Transport and Reaction in a Catalytic Bed Using a Catalyst Particle Model

F. Allain, and A.G. Dixon
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

A packed bed reactor consisting of spherical catalyst particles in a tube was simulated numerically. The steady-state pseudo-heterogeneous model consisted of a pseudo-continuum representation for the heat and mass transfer in the reactor tube. The reaction source terms were evaluated by explicitly solving a 1D spherical pellet model at each discretization point. The model implemented in COMSOL ...

Modeling Horizontal Ground Heat Exchangers in Geothermal Heat Pump Systems

A. Chiasson
University of Dayton, Dayton, OH, USA

Geothermal heat pumps use the earth as a heat source and sink via a ground heat exchanger (GHX) that consists of a network of buried heat exchange pipes, which can either be installed in vertical boreholes or in shallow horizontal trenches or excavations. The main goal in GHX design is to determine the minimum length of pipe needed to provide adequate fluid temperatures to heat pumps over their ...

Two Dimensional Finite Element Heat Transfer Analysis of a Buried Refined Bitumen Pipeline During Initial Start-up, Shutdown Following Initial Start-Up, and Normal Operation

R. Sisco
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

This body of work uses the two dimensional finite element heat transfer capabilities of the conduction application mode within COMSOL to examine the temperature distribution in the fluid, pipe wall, insulation, and surrounding soil of a prototypical bitumen pipeline operating in a cold weather environment during the following modes of operation: initial start-up, shutdown following initial ...

Modeling and Simulation of a Piezoelectric Micro-Power Generator

E. Abdel-Rahman, M. Pallapa, M.A.S. Aly, L. Wong, A.I.H. Chen, K.W. Wong, and J.T. Yeow
University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada

Micro-power generators (MPGs) harvest and store small amounts of ambient energy. The motivation of this paper is to compare the MPG modeling and simulation results obtained from COMSOL Multiphysics® with those obtained using three other approaches: CoventorWare®, ANSYS® and lumped element analysis. The MPG is composed of two identical micro-cantilever beams made of a piezoelectric ...

Virtual Acoustic Prototyping – Practical Applications for Loudspeaker Development

A. Salvatti
JBL Professional, Northridge, CA, USA

The author presents an overview of methods to build virtual prototypes of both horns and loudspeaker drivers which allows a significant reduction in the number of physical prototypes, as well as reduced development time. This paper will present some of the practical results from work the author has performed in the course of designing both transducers and horns using COMSOL Evolution of the ...

Uncertainty Analysis, Verification and Validation of a Stress Concentration in a Cantilever Beam

S. Kargar, and D. Bardot
University of Alabama, Huntsville, AL, USA

In this paper we compare the results from a bending cantilever beam experiment with the theoretical values and COMSOL finite element simulation results. In the experiment a simple cantilever beam with a hole is loaded at the end. Measurements are recorded by four strain gauges mounted on the beam, three near the hole and one at a location where the nominal stress is equivalent to that of a ...

A Directional Dogbone Flextensional Sonar Transducer

S.C. Butler
Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Newport, RI, USA

In order to transmit energy in one direction, sonar flextensional transducers are combined into arrays of elements that are spaced a 1/4 wavelength apart. The directionality (front-to-back pressure ratio) is a modest of 6 dB. A single projector that is 1/3 wavelength in size and capable of developing unidirectional beams with front-to-back ratios greater than 20 dB that is independent of sound ...

Finite Element Analysis of Pipes Considering the Effects of Stress Concentration Due to Dents

S.C. de Oliveira[1], E.P. de Deus[2], and A.M. Mont'Alverne[2]
[1] Funcap/CNPq, CE, Brazil
[2] Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil

This paper presents a numerical analysis of indented pipes based on the Finite Element (FE) within the framework of COMSOL Multiphysics. Numerical models using two-dimensional solid plane strain elements are evaluated. Geometric nonlinear analysis, nonlinear isotropic hardening material and contact were also incorporated into the models. The numerical models are calibrated by using an analytical ...

Particle Velocimetry Data From COMSOL Model of Micro-channels

P. Mahanti, M. Keebaugh, N. Weiss, P. Jones, M.A. Hayes, and T. Taylor
Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA

Particle velocimetry using image analysis is an effective non-intrusive method used for fluid velocity field estimation in micro-channels. We use COMSOL with MATLAB to generate velocity fields for micro-channel designs and then calculate changes in particle position for given imaging parameters. This is used to simulate images which can then be used to verify an algorithm\'s performance before ...

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