G. Zhang, S. Bearden
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
It is necessary to understand and control nanopore behavior in order to develop biosensors for a variety of applications including DNA sequencing. The fluidics of nanopore devices we fabricated exhibits a range of interesting phenomena, such as enhanced conductance and current rectification. By electrically biasing nanopores, we were able to actively control the nanopore conductance in real time ...
A. Jeremic, E. Khosrowshahli
McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
Although resuscitation during pregnancy is relatively uncommon and rarely causes death, they have a particularly large impact in terms of the mortality of the unborn child and long-term effects on families and society as whole. In this paper, we present a new 3D finite element model of a pregnant female torso which accounts for presence of amniotic liquid and calculate current density ...
D. Mondal, C. RoyChaudhuri
Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Bengal Engineering and Science University, Howrah, West Bengal, India
In this paper, the gross electrical characterization of biological cells on porous substrate is analyzed using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Dynamic electrical characterization during cell growth is used as a non-invasive and label-free technique to understand the growth kinetics of cells. It is observed from the COMSOL simulation that the percentage change in the current density is greater in porous ...
J. C. Kumaradas, A. Zhang, Y. D. Davletshin
Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
Tremendous progress is being made in the integration of nanoparticles into micro-analytical systems for biosensing. These materials are shown to enhance the analyte capture capability of biosensing platforms. We have implemented a computational model that considers the sensor’s geometry, size, analyte concentration and type to predict the number of nucleic acid molecules captured by ...
J. Xi, Q. M. Mohamad, Y. E. Yuan, J. Rohlinger
Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI, USA
1. Flow-induced uvula deformation considerably altered the flow dynamics inside the nose. 2. For a weak soft palate, complete flow occlusion can occur (sleep apnea). 3. Vibration of the airway structures is crucial to better understand snoring generation mechanisms and breathing-related disorders.
S. Biswas, S. Das, M. Mahadevappa
Advanced Technology Development Center, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
School of Medical Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) and Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) are diseases causing blindness in a large number of people. In this type of degenerative disease, mostly the photoreceptors are damaged. Thus attempts have been made to electrically stimulate the surviving inner retinal neurons and retinal ganglion cells (RGC) in order to restore vision. In this paper, the electrode-tissue ...
D. Iber, D. Menshykau, P. Germann, L. Lermuzeaux[2,3]
D-BSSE, ETH Zurich, Switzerland, SIB, Basel, Switzerland
D-BSSE, ETH Zurich, Basel, Switzerland
Department of Bioengineering, University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Nice, France
Morphogenesis is a tightly regulated process that has been studied for decades. Previously we developed data-based mechanistic models for a range of developmental processes with a view to integrate the available knowledge and to better understand the underlying regulatory logic. In our previous papers on simulating organogenesis in COMSOL Multiphysics® we discussed methods to efficiently solve ...
J. Rasmussen, M.S. Enevoldsen, J. Thyregod, and K-A. Henneberg
Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
COOK Medical Europe, Bjaeverskov, Denmark
This work presents new Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) models in both 2D and 3D of the effect of using vascular stents as treatment of cerebral berry aneurysms. The stent is positioned inside the cerebral artery covering the neck of the aneurysm. The stent is expected to alter the blood flow into the aneurysm such that the blood coagulates due to low blood velocity, and rupture of the aneurysm ...
D. Iber, D. Menshykau
D-BSSE, ETH Zurich, Basel, Switzerland
Organogenesis is a tightly regulated process that has been studied experimentally for decades. We are developing mechanistic models for the morphogenesis of limbs, lungs, and kidneys with a view to integrate available knowledge and to better understand the underlying regulatory logic. Organ size changes dramatically during development, and tissues are composed of several layers that may expand ...
T. C. Zhu, B. Liu
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent that kills cells during photodynamic therapy (PDT). Based on a previously-developed model, the distance-dependent reacted 1O2 can be numerically calculated using finite-element method. We improved the model to include microscopic kinetic equations of oxygen diffusion from uniformly distributed blood vessels to the adjacent tissue. The blood vessel ...