S. Biswas, S. Das, M. Mahadevappa
Advanced Technology Development Center, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
School of Medical Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) and Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) are diseases causing blindness in a large number of people. In this type of degenerative disease, mostly the photoreceptors are damaged. Thus attempts have been made to electrically stimulate the surviving inner retinal neurons and retinal ganglion cells (RGC) in order to restore vision. In this paper, the electrode-tissue ...
I.M. Abdel-Motaleb, K. Ravanasa, K.J. Soderholm
Department of Electrical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA
Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL USA
Studying teeth grinding behavior and other oral conditions requires the ability to accurately measure the pressure on the teeth. Placing a sensor in the mouth requires small size devices with powering and measurement techniques that do not hinder the normal life of the patient. To meet these requirements, we designed, using COMSOL, a small, easy to read MEMS capacitive force sensor, with ...
L. T. Izu, Z. Coulibaly, B. Peercy
University of California-Davis, Davis, CA, USA
University of Maryland, Catonsville, MD, USA
This paper utilizes the COMSOL Multiphysics® general form PDE interface and MATLAB® to model stochastic calcium waves in a sarcomere (basic unit of a heart cell). The model we present here shows the evolution of waves generated from calcium being released stochastically from sites modeled as point sources. The release sites are distributed on z-disc (planes) in a hexagonal pattern, and their ...
G. Zhang, Y. Zhao, J. Hodge, J. Brcka, J. Faguet, E. Lee
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
TEL U.S. Holdings, Inc., U.S. Technology Development Center, Austin, TX, USA
In using DEP for particle manipulation, researchers often use a formula to calculate the DEP forces in which the forces are proportional to the particle radius to the third power. This formula assumes that the electrical field, E, will not be affected by the presence of a particle, no matter what the actual size and the dielectric property of the particle are. This work confirms that the ...
H. Kwon, R. Huancaya
Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI, USA
Vein visualization systems such as the VeinViewer are vein-contrast enhancement devices that use an infrared camera to highlight blood or the underlying vasculature and project the image in real time onto the skin. Understanding the light propagation in a realistic skin model is critical, but only a few computational models have been developed to account for this particular system. We have ...
B. Hari, S. Bakalis, P. Fryer
The University of Birmingham, School of Chemical Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Worldwide attention in the computational modeling and simulation of the human intestine is increasing in order to help understand its complex behavior and improve health. Computational fluid dynamics is an essential tool to understand the mechanics and transport phenomena of the human intestine, thereby advancing the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal related diseases. The aim of this ...
Improving Detection Sensitivity for Nanoscale Targets Through Combined Photonic and Plasmonic Techniques
G. Zhang, Y. Zhao
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
Photonic technique such as the whispering gallery mode (WGM) is often used for detection of small particles like bacteria and viruses. It offers good detection sensitivity and is advantageous over other detection techniques because the detection can be label free. However, the detection sensitivity may not be sufficient when the size of the detection target is in nanoscale. To change this, we use ...
Application of the Focused Impedance Method (FIM) to Determine the Volume of an Object within a Volume Conductor
M. A. Kadir, S. P. Ahmed, G. D. Al Quaderi, R. Rahman, K. Siddique-e Rabbani
Department of Biomedical Physics & Technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Department of Physics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Focused Impedance Method (FIM), a new technique of electrical impedance measurement having high sensitivity in the central region, can sense the change in transfer impedance of an object embedded at a shallow depth within a volume conductor of unchanging background conductivity, using electrodes at the surface. This paper presents a new method for measuring the volume of such an embedded object ...
T. C. Zhu, B. Liu
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent that kills cells during photodynamic therapy (PDT). Based on a previously-developed model, the distance-dependent reacted 1O2 can be numerically calculated using finite-element method. We improved the model to include microscopic kinetic equations of oxygen diffusion from uniformly distributed blood vessels to the adjacent tissue. The blood vessel ...
M. Christian, S. Firebaugh, A. Smith
United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
This project utilizes the heat transfer module of the COMSOL Multiphysics environment to model the effects that an ohmic heating probe will have on neural tissue. The model quantifies the thermal impact of active components embedded on a neural micro probe by solving the Penne’s bioheat equation with an external MATLAB function to determine the heat generation along the length of the probe. ...