Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Kinetics and Reactor Modeling of Methanol Synthesis from Synthesis Gas

H. Bakhtiary, F. Hayer, H. Venvik, A. Holmen
Norwegian University of Science and Technology Trondheim

Methanol synthesis is a typical reaction in heterogeneous catalysis. In this work, we have studied a laboratory fixed-bed reactor packed with a Cu/Zn/Al2O3 catalyst in both adiabatic and isothermal tubular operational modes. A methanol synthesis kinetic model was implemented in COMSOL Reaction Engineering Lab. Both 1D and 2D pseudo-homogeneous dispersion models were applied to describe the mass ...

Simulation of Reactive Transport in Porous Media: A Benchmark for a COMSOL-PHREEQC-Interface

D. Müller[1], H. Francke[1], G. Blöcher[1], H. Shao[2]
[1]Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ, Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany
[2]Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung UFZ, Leipzig, Saxony, Germany

The reactive transport simulation interface COMSOL-PHREEQC, developed by Wissmeier & Barry (2011), provides a MATLAB®-based coupling interface to combine COMSOL Multiphysics® for flow and heat transport simulations and PHREEQC as a geochemical batch reaction simulator. The functionality of the coupling tool is tested using the “calcite” example (Shao et al. 2010) as a benchmark. The results ...

Finite Element Modeling of Vasoreactivity Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new

J. Parikh[1], A. Kapela[1], N. Tsoukias[1]
[1]Biomedical Engineering Department, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

Localized calcium events in the endothelial cells (EC) can modulate smooth muscle cell (SMC) calcium (Ca2+) and membrane potential dynamics through release of endothelium derived hyperpolarizing and relaxing factors. Ca2+ levels in the smooth muscle cell (SMC) determine its contractile state.The underlying complex mechanism regulating the SMC Ca2+ levels and ultimately vessel tone remains poorly ...

FEM Analysis of Flamelet Wrinkling in a Diffusion Flame - new

Y. Li[1], T.C. Lieuwen[2], J. Zhou[1], H. Cao[1]
[1]Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, China
[2]Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA

One can hardly get the exact analytic solution of a full time-dependent convection-diffusion equation, for describing the dynamics of a non-premixed flamelet. The analytic solution of the linearized form with such a model was studied by MATLAB®. And also, a numerical computation was made with the linearization model in COMSOL Multiphysics® software, to provide a perfect accordance with the ...

Modeling an Enzyme Based Electrochemical Blood Glucose Sensor with COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Mackintosh[1], J. Rodgers[1], S.P. Blythe[1]
[1]Lifescan Scotland, Inverness, Scotland

This paper describes the modeling of a blood glucose sensor using COMSOL Multiphysics. Chemical species interaction and diffusion, coupled with electrochemical oxidation of multiple blood species produced a powerful working model used in developing and refining a range of blood glucose sensors for the commercial market.

Analyte Capture from Liquid Samples: Size Matters

M. Weber[1], M. Reed[1]
[1]Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA

Arrays of vertical pillars, Micro Purification Chips, have been widely used for analyte capture from liquid samples [Henderson et. al, 2006], [Toner et. al, 2007], [Stern et. al, 2010]. However exact understanding of the capture efficiency mechanisms has not been previously explained. Here we present a model in COMSOL Multiphysics® which calculates analyte capture efficiency based on initial ...

Combustion Study of DDGS Char from Steam-O2 Blown CFB Gasifier and Charcoal Using Thermogravimetric Analysis and COMSOL Multiphysics®

X. Meng[1], W. de Jong[1], A.H.M. Verkooijjen[1]
[1]TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands

To obtain reliable kinetic data for the modeling of Dried Distiller’s grains with Soluble (DDGS) gasification using a 100 kWth steam-O2 blown circulating fluidized bed (CFB) gasifier, the combustion behavior of partially gasified residual DDGS char and pure charcoal as a comparison has been investigated using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Two conversion models, volume reaction model (VRM) ...

Simulation and Experimental Analysis of Drug Release Rates from Magnetic Nanocomposite Spheres - new

L. Saeeednia[1], H. Mehraein[2], F. Abedin[1], K. Cluff[2], R. Asmatulu[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

Targeted drug delivery systems have been wildly studied in cancer therapy due to the toxicity of most of chemotherapeutic drugs. Nanoparticles can be attached to the small molecules of the drugs and serve as drug carriers to deliver the drug molecules into the area of interest. In this research, polymeric microspheres containing biodegradable poly(D, L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA), magnetic ...

An Overview of Impellers, Velocity Profile and Reactor Design - new

P. Patel[1], P. Vaidya[1], G. Singh[2]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[2]Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Faridabad, Haryana, India

This paper presents a simulation approach to develop a model for understanding the mixing phenomenon in a stirred vessel. The mixing in the vessel is important for effective chemical reaction, heat transfer, mass transfer and phase homogeneity. In some cases, it is very difficult to obtain experimental information and it takes a long time to collect the data. Such problems can be solved using ...

Finite Element Analysis of Induced Electroosmotic Flow in Brain Tissue and Application to ex vivo Determination of Enzyme Activity

Y. Ou[1], A. Rupert[1], M. Sandberg[2], S. Weber[1]
[1]University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
[2]University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

Ectopeptidases are commonly accepted to be a means of clearing active peptides. However, studies have shown that they can also regulate peptide activity. We have developed a technique of electrokinetic push-pull perfusion (Ek-PPP, Figure 1) to examine this largely unexplored mechanism of modulation of peptide function. We push the neuropeptide galanin through organotypic hippocampal slice ...

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