Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Using COMSOL for Studying the Occurrence of a Constant-shaped Concentration Front in the Retention of Gaseous Pollutants by Adsorption Columns

A. Joly[1], V. Volpert[1], and A. Perrard[2]
[1] Université de Lyon
[2] Institut de Recherches sur la Catalyse, Lyon

Various models, based on mass transfer and different isothermal adsorption equilibrium laws, are developed using COMSOL Multiphysics. These isotherms are representative of the adsorption of various pollutant-adsorbent systems frequently found in decontamination processes. Consequences on breakthrough curves are examined and possible applications to decontamination processes are discussed.

Autothermal Reforming of a Hydrocarbon Fuel in a Monolithic Reactor

D. Creaser
Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden

In this paper, we perform simulations of the auto-thermal reforming of a hydrocarbon fuel in a monolithic reactor. The partial differential equations describing mass, heat and momentum transport were formulated and solved using COMSOL Multiphysics. It was found that mass transport limitations in the washcoat could also severely limit the rate of the reforming reaction. Heat transport ...

Modeling of a Preferential Oxidation Reactor in a LPG Hydrogen Generator for PEMFC

F. Cipitì, L. Pino, A. Vita, M. Laganà, and V. Recupero
CNR-ITAE, Messina

This paper presents a two dimensional model of a Preferential Oxidation Reactor. The main aim of the mathematical model was to investigate the process performance of the reactor by parametric analysis. Temperature and concentration profiles along the length of the reactor were evaluated in order to enhance optimization and control of the PROX unit.

Coupling of Catalytic Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions by CPR

S. Vaccaro, G. Ferrazzano, and P. Ciambelli
Università di Salerno

Mathematical modelling of a catalytic plate reactor for methane steam reforming with COMSOL Multiphysics was carried out. The model reactor includes three channels where methane combustion occurs on the plates bordering the inner side of the outermost channels, whereas methane steam reforming takes place on the plates bordering the central channel.

Multiphysics Models of Biological Systems

S. Filippi[1,2], and C. Cherubini[1,2]
[1] Facoltà di Ingegneria Università Campus Biomedico di Roma
[2] International Center for Relativistic Astrophysics, University of Rome

This article presents different applications of COMSOL Multiphysics in the context of the mathematical modeling of biological systems. Simulations of excitable media like cardiac and neural tissues are discussed. --------------------------------- Keynote speaker's biography: Simonetta Filippi is member of the Engineering Faculty at the University Campus Biomedico and of the ...

Designing an Array of Nanocalorimeters for Screening Biochemical Interactions

F. Torres
Palo Alto Research Center

In this presentation we present our analysis of the PARC Nanocalorimeter. Calorimetry is basically the measuring of heat of chemical reactions or physical changes. Nanocalorimetry is Calorimetry at the Nanometer scale. The PARC Nanocalorimeter is a special type of Calorimeter, it consists of arrays of Nanocalorimeters. The PARC Nanocalorimeter is intended to be used for screening biochemical ...

Visions Realized: Using COMSOL Multiphysics to Prepare Students for the Modern World

Bruce A. Finlayson
University of Washington
Washington, USA

This talk demonstrates the success in teaching chemical engineering undergraduates to use COMSOL Multiphysics (FEMLAB) to solve realistic problems in a project format. Undergraduates have been creative and solved problems much more difficult than those in their textbooks, thus gaining a deeper understanding of transport processes. Illustrations are also given how they check to see they’ve ...

Modeling of an Operando Catalytic Reactor Operated in the Concentration Pulse Mode

S. Pietrzyk, A. Y. Khodakov, and C. Dujardin
Unité Catalyse et Chimie du Solide, Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Lille, Ecole Centrale de Lille, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France

Operando reactors are used to study, qualitatively and/or quantitatively, active sites of the catalyst and the intermediates of a catalytic heterogeneous chemical reaction, while the reaction is being carried out ("in situ, on-line catalysis studies"). In the present work, an operando reactor using transmission infra-red (IR) absorption spectroscopy has been used to study the Fischer-Tropsch ...

Design of Reactors and Heat Exchange Systems to Optimize a Fuel Cell Reformer

P. Gateau
SAS SYNGAS, Saint Viaud, France

A fuel cell reformer is heated by oxidation of the residual fuel gas. The problem is to optimize the size and the positions of the reactors and heat exchangers. Here, COMSOL was used to design the coupling of steam reforming and post-oxidation. This was simulated in a 2D model with equations describing the kinetics as well as conductive and convective heat exchange. As the objective was to ...

Kinetics of Carbon Dioxide Absorption into Mixed Aqueous Solutions of MDEA and MEA using Laminar Jet Apparatus and Numerically Solved Absorption-Rate/Kinetic Model

M. Edali1, A. Aboudheir2, and R. Idem1
1Process Systems Engineering, University of Regina, Regina, SK, Canada
2HTC Purenergy, Regina, SK, Canada

The experimental kinetic data obtained with a laminar jet apparatus for the absorption of carbon dioxide (CO2) in CO2 loaded mixed solutions of mixed MDEA and MEA were interpreted with the aid of a comprehensive numerically-solved absorption rate/kinetic model. The partial differential equations in this model were solved by two numerical techniques; the finite difference method (FDM) based on an ...

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