Numerical Simulations of Methane Aromatization with and without a Ceramic Hydrogen Separation Membrane
Z. Li, C. Kjølseth, S. Hernandez Morejudo, R. Haugsrud
University of Oslo, Department of Chemistry, FERMiO, Oslo, Norway
Protia, Oslo, Norway
University of Oslo, Department of Chemistry, InGAP, Oslo, Norway
Oxygen-free methane aromatization has been attracting growing attention due to a potential means for producing high valuable products such as aromatics and hydrogen. Many studies have been focused on catalysts screening and characterization, and elementary thermodynamic steps of the reaction. However, little attention has been paid to fluid dynamics which are important for an industrial ...
M. Hackert-Oschätzchen, M. Penzel, P. Plänitz, A. Schubert
Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
GWT-TUD, Dresden, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU, Chemnitz, Germany
Gallium nitride (GaN) and its related nitride alloys with special physical properties are in technical areas of high interest. The growing of gallium nitride boules on non-native sapphire or silicon carbide requires complicated mechanisms of defect reduction in the lattice structure. Thus the production of gallium nitride substrates is a challenge. Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy (HVPE) is a ...
P. Trinchero, J. Molinero, G. Román-Ross, A. Nardi, L.M. De Vries, T. Karvonen, P. Pitkänen
Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
WaterHope, Helsinki, Finland
Posiva, Eurajoki, Finland
In this work, we present a number of scoping calculations that have been carried out to design an in-situ redox experiment (Figure 1) focused on assessing potential changes in the pH and redox conditions and in the buffering capacity of the Olkiluoto bedrock (i.e. the site for the Finnish spent fuel repository). A characteristic of these models lies in the need to integrate prior information, ...
Simulation and Design of a Microfluidic Respirometer for Semi-Continuous Amperometric Short Time Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BODST) Analysis
F.J. del Campo, A. Torrents, J. Mas, F.X. Muñoz
Instituto de Microelectronica de Barcelona, IMB-CNM (CSIC), Campus Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
Departement de Genètica i Microbiologia, Campus Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
Introduction: This work presents the design of a novel flow cell based miniaturized electrochemical respirometer to monitor organic content in water samples semi-continuously, in contrast to current Biochemical Oxygen Demand, BOD, methods. Simulation techniques has been used to parameterize and optimize aspects such as height and length of the channels, materials and thickness, flow and oxygen ...
Simulation of Differential Ion Mobility (DMS) Principle Coupled with Mass Spectrometry in Atmospheric Pressure
F. Sinatra, T. Wu, A. Avila, E. Nazarov, T. Evans-Nguyen, J. Wang
Draper Laboratory, Tampa, FL, USA
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
Mass spectrometry is an analytical technique widely used in the scientific community to determine chemical composition of sample compounds. Typically, mass spectrometers perform their analysis under vacuum conditions, though atmospheric pressure mass spectrometers are becoming more prevalent. With the development of atmospheric pressure mass spectrometers, techniques such as FAIMS (Field ...
J. Podichetty Thribhuvan, S.V. Madihally
Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, USA
Utilization of bioreactors to regenerate tissues outside the body has been intensely investigated in functional tissue engineering. Various studies have been performed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to understand fluid flow within bioreactors while assuming porous scaffold as a rigid structure. However, the physical and mechanical properties of most tissue engineering scaffolds suggest ...
K.O. Lund, C.M. Lord
Kurt Lund Consulting, Del Mar, CA, USA
Lord Engineering Corp., Encinitas, CA, USA
Pressure-drop experiments were conducted for the turbulent, compressible flow of air in a small, slender tube, and modeled with COMSOL heat transfer module, and analytically. A scalar integration variable is introduced which integrates the mass velocity [kg/m²s] over the inlet area and iteratively equates this to the input mass flow [kg/s]. For computation, the temperature specification is ...
S. Qidwai, N. Kota, V. DeGiorgi
Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, USA
Science Applications International Corporation, Washington, DC, USA
Pitting corrosion is a complex phenomenon where rates of: i) chemical reactions, ii) diffusion of various species involve in those reactions, and iii) species dissolution at the metal-electrolyte interface are fully dependent on each other, except under special conditions or assumptions. One set of such conditions is that: a) there are no species concentration gradients due to the rapid mixing of ...
J. Ebert, S. Ghosal, A. Emami-Naeini
SC Solutions, Sunnyvale, CA, USA
This paper describes the development of a COMSOL model of Electro-Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (ECMP) that was validated with experimental data. ECMP is used for processing of semiconductor wafers. We developed a 2D model of flow of phosphoric acid solution (the electrolyte) between two parallel plates that focuses on the physics and electrochemistry in ECMP. The model includes steady-state ...
R.E. Tosh, H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
The technique of water calorimetry for primary-standard dosimetry of radiotherapy-level ionizing radiation is well established at national metrology institutes around the world, where such a direct realization of absorbed dose establishes the basis for calibrating instruments used for dosimetry in medical settings. The typical calorimeter system uses miniature thermistor beads to measure ...