Institut für Automatisierungstechnik, Otto-von-Guericke Universität, Magdeburg, Germany
Preparative chromatography is an important separation method where the simulated moving bed (SMB) technology is an increasingly used separation process for binary mixtures. Several chromatographic columns are arranged in a ring where the feedings and drains are changed cyclically to maintain a continuous separation. For this reason, an adaptive controller is proposed to adjust the flow rates ...
Simulation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst Used in a NOx Storage and Reduction system for Heavy Duty Trucks
C. Odenbrand, and E. Senar Serra
Department of Chemical Engineering, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
This work concerns the performance of an oxidation catalyst used in a NOx storage and reduction system. The oxidation of NO is the main objective of this study, where the presence of CO and propene has also been taken into account. Experimental data has been determined on a monolithic oxidation catalyst mounted after a heavy duty diesel engine in a rig. The conversion of hydrocarbons is predicted ...
Design and Characterization of a Small Volume Reactor for the High Pressure Invacuo Study of Catalytic Surface Reactions
C. Clark[1,2], J. Fulton, T. Adams, E. Podgornov, and F. Zaera
Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA
Naval Surface Warfare Center, Corona, CA, USA
Naval Surface Warfare Center, Crane, IN, USA
Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA
The design and construction of ultra-high vacuum (UHV) systems for the study of surface reactions has lead to high impact innovation in a myriad of industries. A small volume reactor compatible with ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) surface-science instrumentation has been designed, modeled and tested for the study of the kinetics of surface chemical reactions on single crystals. CO oxidation experiments ...
Centre for Process Systems Engineering, Imperial College, South Kensington, London, U.K.
Carbothermic reduction is an alternative to the conventional Hall-Héroult electrolysis process, characterized by cost and environmental advantages, and challenging complexity. Process technology encompasses a wide spectrum of phenomena (convection, diffusion, reaction, evaporation, electric field) that occur simultaneously in a multiphase configuration, the geometry of which is an open design ...
F. Cipitì, L. Pino, A. Vita, M. Laganà, and V. Recupero
This paper presents a two dimensional model of a Preferential Oxidation Reactor. The main aim of the mathematical model was to investigate the process performance of the reactor by parametric analysis. Temperature and concentration profiles along the length of the reactor were evaluated in order to enhance optimization and control of the PROX unit.
J. Torres, and D. Montane
Centre Huile Lourde Ouvert et Experimental (CHLOE), University of Pau, France
Department of Chemical Engineering, Virgili University, Tarragona, Spain
Steam Reforming of Ethanol using a Catalytic Wall Reactor (CWR) was successfully studied using COMSOL Multiphysics. A mathematical model was used to describe the reactor performance in terms of the main variables and dimensionless groups. Simulations showed that at specified conditions CWR maintains a thermal performance adequate for evaluating catalysts under a uniform temperature profile. CWR ...
Fundamental Three Dimensional Modeling and Parameter Estimation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst for Heavy Duty Trucks
A. Holmqvist and C.U.I. Odenbrand
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Mathematical optimization can be used as a computational engine to generate the best solution for a given problem in a systematic and efficient way. In the context of monolithic converter systems, the parameter estimation problem (or inverse problem) is solved using Partial Differential Equations (PDE)-based models of the physical system coupled with an optimization algorithm. These problems are ...
S. Pietrzyk, F. Dhainaut, A. Khodakov, and P. Granger
Université de Lille
In this paper, we present the modeling of catalytic reactions under non-steadystate conditions. Particularly, we study the Fisher-Tropsch reaction in a pulse reactor.
J.M. Cormier, F. Ouni, and A. Khacef
Gliding discharges at atmospheric pressure were investigated in the GREMI laboratory for different applications such as syngas production from methane steam reforming. In our case, the kinetics could be described by using a simplified second order model in which the rate reaction coefficient is obtained from a linearization of parameters. Calculated and experimental data are presented ...
B. Longuet[1,2], J.M. Pascaud, and P. Gillard
 Laboratoire Energétique Explosions et Structures, Université d’Orléans
 DGA/ETBS, Bouges
In this paper, we model the thermal decomposition of an energetic materiel inside a vessel located in the furnace of a thermal gravimetric apparatus. As a case study, we treat the case with ammonium perchlorate single particles.