T. Liang, M. Liu, X. Liu, Z. Meng
Safety Engineering, Zheng Zhou University, Zheng Zhou, Henan, China
Iodine absorber is a widely used purification equipment for purifying air in a nuclear power plant. In China, the common type is Ⅱ iodine absorber. Impregnated activated carbon is the main absorber within the iodine absorber. Because of the decays exothermic of radioactive iodine, heat is generated in the adsorption process. Carbon is a combustible material. Moreover, air is always supplied in ...
J. Podichetty Thribhuvan, S.V. Madihally
Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, USA
Utilization of bioreactors to regenerate tissues outside the body has been intensely investigated in functional tissue engineering. Various studies have been performed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to understand fluid flow within bioreactors while assuming porous scaffold as a rigid structure. However, the physical and mechanical properties of most tissue engineering scaffolds suggest ...
F. Alzahrani, F. Aiouache
Engineering Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
This work used the 3D CFD modeling to investigate non-uniform deactivation in packed bed reactors of low aspect ratios under steady state and dynamic operations. In order to explore the effects of condition of instability on local deactivation, detailed knowledge of flow dynamics (i.e. local structure of the packed bed, pressure drops and interstitial flow in the void space), heat and mass rate ...
M. Al-Rawashdeh[1,2], V. Hessel[1,2], P. Löb, and F. Schönfeld
Institut für Mikrotechnik Mainz GmbH, Mainz, Germany
Department of Chemical Engineering and
Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands
Gas-liquid falling film microreactors carry out fast exothermic and mass transfer limited reactions. Since the major rate limiting steps occur on the liquid side, it is important to account for a realistic liquid film profile within the reactor simulation. Based on realistic channel geometry and liquid menisci profiles, we describe the liquid film thicknesses, flow velocities, species transport ...
S. Pietrzyk, A. Khodakov, and M. Olea
Unite de Catalyse et de Chimie du Solide, USTL-ENSCL-EC Lille, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
School of Science and Technology, University of Teesside, Middlesbrough, UK
A TAP reactor is a fixed-bed catalytic reactor operated in pulse (transient) mode under very low pressures. It has become a very important tool in catalytic studies as it fills the material and pressure gaps existing between practical conditions and high vacuum – monocrystal techniques. A pretreated solid catalyst maintained at a desired temperature in an evacuated chamber is exposed to a ...
R. Painter, S. Berryhill, L. Sharpe, S. K. Hargrove
Department of Civil Engineering, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN, USA
COMSOL® "Single Particle Model for Lithium-Ion Batteries” (Model ID: 14527) is generalized to include an energy balance. This is accomplished by approximating the solution phase polarization as a function of current and temperature. The theoretical approach for this work is similar to Guo et al. [Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 158, (2) A122-A132 (2011)] for modeling lithium ion cells. ...
L. Z. Tong
Keisoku Engineering System Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan
The plasmas generated in water involve various physical phenomena such as flows agitated by bubbles, high electric fields for breakdown, discharges in bubbles with size variation, and so on. In this paper, studies have been made on the simulation of plasmas generated in bubbles with size variation. The species taken in account include electrons, three kinds of ions, and ten kinds of neutral ...
N. Lawand, V. Lopez[1,2], P. French
Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
Università degli studi di Napoli "Federico II", Naples, Italy
Cochlear Implants (CIs) are implantable prostheses that bypass the non-functional inner ear and directly stimulate the auditory nerve with electric currents, enabling deaf people to experience sound again. The CI electrode array sits inside the cochlea close to the auditory neurons. An ideal stimulation material must have low impedance with maximum charge transfer capacity in the electrochemical ...
J. Parikh, A. Kapela, N. Tsoukias
Biomedical Engineering Department, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Localized calcium events in the endothelial cells (EC) can modulate smooth muscle cell (SMC) calcium (Ca2+) and membrane potential dynamics through release of endothelium derived hyperpolarizing and relaxing factors. Ca2+ levels in the smooth muscle cell (SMC) determine its contractile state.The underlying complex mechanism regulating the SMC Ca2+ levels and ultimately vessel tone remains poorly ...
Y. M. S. El-Shazly, S. W. Eletriby
Alexandria University, Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt.
The annular reactor is a very useful design to carry many chemical reactions. In this study, COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used to study the isothermal mass transfer from the inner side of the outer tube of the annular reactor in the range of 200