Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Irrotational Motion of an Incompressible Fluid Past a Wing Section in an Unbounded Region

J. Russell[1]
[1]Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL, USA

Developers of numerical models who address the title problem face several hurdles, such as: (1), the need to formulate boundary conditions applicable in an unbounded region; (2), The need to specify conditions suitable to ensure a unique solution in a doubly connected region; and (3), The need to allow the interior boundary to have a sharp edge, such as a cusp. The aim of the work reported ...

Evaluation of Internal Electrical Heater for Pipe Temperature Control Using FEA Model

B. Xu[1], M. Heydrich[1], S. Edmondson[1], A. Jahangir [1]
[1]ShawCor Ltd., Toronto, ON, Canada

In oil and gas industries, electrical heaters are often used to control the internal pipe temperature. One important criterion for such test, is to maintain a uniform temperature range during the test. The objective of this study was to evaluate the heat transfer of one design of the internal electrical pipe heaters, by simulating both conduction and convection heat transfer around the heater ...

Particle Tracing: Analysis of Airborne Infection Risks in Operating Theatres

P. Apell[1], S. Hjalmarsson[1], T. Lindberg[1], I. Wernström[1], Y. Tarakonov[1], A. Erichsen Andersson[2], M. Karlsteen[1]
[1]Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden
[2]Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Anesthesia, Surgery and Intensive Care, Göteborg, Sweden

Patients undergoing surgery are sensitive to infections. The operation staff may spread 10^4 particles per person per minute, of which ten percent are presumed bacteria-carrying. We visualize the influence of the personnel on the air and particle flows for the two most common ventilation systems in Swedish hospitals using Comsol Multiphysics with particle tracing.. The Laminar Air ...

Numerical Modeling and Performance Optimization Study of a Diaphragm Pump for Medical Application

I. Lupelli[1], P. Gaudio[1], A. Malizia[1], R. Quaranta[1]
[1]Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Roma, Italy

In this contribution we present the results of the numerical modeling and performance optimization study of a diaphragm pump for drug infusion. The main objective is to develop a numerical model that replicates the pumping cycle (400ms) and also provides indications about the variation of pumping performance as consequence of the variation of the chamber-diaphragm system geometry, diaphragm ...

Modeling Pit Lake Flooding After Mine Closure

S. Jordana[1], A. Nardi[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

Most of mining works, either on the surface or in the underground, demand continuous groundwater pumping in order to operate under dry conditions. When the mining activity stops, dewatering also stops and mining facilities begin to flood, quite quickly at the beginning but becoming slower as the water level in the pit lake rises. The rise of the surface of the lake decelerates due to the bigger ...

Modelling and Simulation of Single Phase Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Packed Beds using COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Sachdev[1], S. Pareek[1], B. Mahadevan[1], A. Deshpande[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, BITS Pilani Goa Campus, Zuarinagar, Goa, India

Computational fluid dynamics has emerged as an advanced tool for studying detailed behavior of fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics in many chemical engineering applications like packed beds. Packed beds play an important role in various chemical industries. Hence understanding the fluid flow behavior and temperature variation in different sections of packed bed is essential. Geometric ...

Flow of Dry Foam in a Pipe

M. Divakaran[1], S. K. Gupta[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Due to the coupling of foam flow with foam generation step, the earlier studies on foam flow have not led to consistent results. An increase in flow rate to obtain ?P vs. Q data changes the foam under investigation itself. The controlled experiments carried out earlier in our group show that ?P increases with flow rate as Q^2/3, a weaker dependence than that known for laminar flow or plug flow ...

Thermal Hydraulic Study for Heavy Liquid Metal Flows using COMSOL Multiphysics

K. T. Sandeep[1], S. Sahu[1], V. C. Chaudhari[1], R. P. Bhattacharyay[1], E. R. Kumar[1]
[1]Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India

Liquid metals are the extensively used as coolants in nuclear reactors.However, the heat transfer mechanism differs significantly in low Prandtl number heavy liquid metals (HLM’s) than those observed in common fluids. It is crucial to have the accurate heat transfer correlation for the liquid metal to estimate the heat removal efficiency. The present paper describes the use of COMSOL tool for ...

Numerical Study of the Controlled Droplet Breakup by Static Electric Fields inside a Microfluidic Flow-focusing Device

Y. Li[1], K. Nandakumar[1], M. Jain[1]
[1]Louisiana State Univeristy, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

Conventional passive microfluidic flow-focusing devices confront difficulties in controlling droplet sizes in dripping regime especially when the dispersed phase has a large viscosity. It is reported that external electric field can be used to manipulate the droplet breakup. In the present study, a computational fluid dynamics based level-set method coupled with perfect dielectric model has been ...

Claus Process Reactor Simulation

J. Plawsky[1],
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

A model was developed to simulate the reaction, concentration field, flow field, and temperature distribution inside a Claus reactor for converting hydrogen sulfide to sulfur. The model considered two ideal reactors, a continuous stirred tank reactor and a plug flow reactor. As expected, two ideal reactors showed much different behaviors in terms of reactant conversion and operating temperature. ...

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