P. Apell, S. Hjalmarsson, T. Lindberg, I. Wernström, Y. Tarakonov, A. Erichsen Andersson, M. Karlsteen
Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden
Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Anesthesia, Surgery and Intensive Care, Göteborg, Sweden
Patients undergoing surgery are sensitive to infections. The operation staff may spread 10^4 particles per person per minute, of which ten percent are presumed bacteria-carrying. We visualize the influence of the personnel on the air and particle flows for the two most common ventilation systems in Swedish hospitals using Comsol Multiphysics with particle tracing.. The Laminar Air ...
I. Lupelli, P. Gaudio, A. Malizia, R. Quaranta
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Roma, Italy
In this contribution we present the results of the numerical modeling and performance optimization study of a diaphragm pump for drug infusion. The main objective is to develop a numerical model that replicates the pumping cycle (400ms) and also provides indications about the variation of pumping performance as consequence of the variation of the chamber-diaphragm system geometry, diaphragm ...
S. Jordana, A. Nardi
Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
Most of mining works, either on the surface or in the underground, demand continuous groundwater pumping in order to operate under dry conditions. When the mining activity stops, dewatering also stops and mining facilities begin to flood, quite quickly at the beginning but becoming slower as the water level in the pit lake rises. The rise of the surface of the lake decelerates due to the bigger ...
Modelling and Simulation of Single Phase Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Packed Beds using COMSOL Multiphysics
S. Sachdev, S. Pareek, B. Mahadevan, A. Deshpande
Department of Chemical Engineering, BITS Pilani Goa Campus, Zuarinagar, Goa, India
Computational fluid dynamics has emerged as an advanced tool for studying detailed behavior of fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics in many chemical engineering applications like packed beds. Packed beds play an important role in various chemical industries. Hence understanding the fluid flow behavior and temperature variation in different sections of packed bed is essential. Geometric ...
M. Divakaran, S. K. Gupta
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Due to the coupling of foam flow with foam generation step, the earlier studies on foam flow have not led to consistent results. An increase in flow rate to obtain ?P vs. Q data changes the foam under investigation itself. The controlled experiments carried out earlier in our group show that ?P increases with flow rate as Q^2/3, a weaker dependence than that known for laminar flow or plug flow ...
K. T. Sandeep, S. Sahu, V. C. Chaudhari, R. P. Bhattacharyay, E. R. Kumar
Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
Liquid metals are the extensively used as coolants in nuclear reactors.However, the heat transfer mechanism differs significantly in low Prandtl number heavy liquid metals (HLM’s) than those observed in common fluids. It is crucial to have the accurate heat transfer correlation for the liquid metal to estimate the heat removal efficiency. The present paper describes the use of COMSOL tool for ...
Numerical Study of the Controlled Droplet Breakup by Static Electric Fields inside a Microfluidic Flow-focusing Device
Y. Li, K. Nandakumar, M. Jain
Louisiana State Univeristy, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
Conventional passive microfluidic flow-focusing devices confront difficulties in controlling droplet sizes in dripping regime especially when the dispersed phase has a large viscosity. It is reported that external electric field can be used to manipulate the droplet breakup. In the present study, a computational fluid dynamics based level-set method coupled with perfect dielectric model has been ...
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
A model was developed to simulate the reaction, concentration field, flow field, and temperature distribution inside a Claus reactor for converting hydrogen sulfide to sulfur. The model considered two ideal reactors, a continuous stirred tank reactor and a plug flow reactor. As expected, two ideal reactors showed much different behaviors in terms of reactant conversion and operating temperature. ...
A. Travis, K. Ekici, J. Freels
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
A model utilizing interdimensional variable coupling is presented for simulating the thermal hydraulic interactions of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) core at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The model’s domain consists of a three-dimensional fuel plate and a two-dimensional coolant channel slice. In simplifying the coolant channel, the computational cost and solution time are both ...
I. Mantilla, S. De Vicente
National University of Engineering, Lima, Perú
Polytechnic University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
We formulate a new mathematical model of gas-solids mixing hydrodynamic flow  in a combustion chamber with a fluid bed system used in the combustion of mineral coal waste. This model in study is called Model Gas-Solids Mixing and it is constructed by averaging the conservation equations (mass and momentum) for a two-phase flow, which takes into account the existence of a small parameter rho in ...