An Innovative Reactive Transport Modeling Approach for the Chemical Evolution of a HLW Cell in the Callovo-Oxfordian Formation
J. Molinero, D. García, M. Grivé, A. Nardi
Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
Andra (The French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency) envisages the safe disposal of High-Level Waste (HLW) and Intermediate-Level Long-Lived Waste (IL-LLW) in deep geological storage using a multi-barrier system. To ensure the containment of radioactivity, the principle of storage is based on a clay formation with low permeability, homogeneity and continuity (i.e Callovo-Oxfordian ...
Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies Research Unit, Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Povo, TN, Italy
Stationary flow configurations in curved pipes constitute an important subject from both the theoretical and the practical point of view. A typical application concerns the calculation of secondary flow effects on the thermal efficiency of heat exchangers. Motivated by a similar problem, this paper investigates the flow patterns in a helical duct of non trivial cross section. The considered ...
L. Graber, N.G. Suttell, D. Shah, D.G. Crook, C.H. Kim, J. Ordonez, S. Pamidi
Center for Advanced Power Systems, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA
Heat sinks for cryogenic applications using helium gas as the coolant are not readily available. They require to be designed specifically for the intended application. A finite element model was developed to study the feasibility and optimize the design. The FEM computing package COMSOL Multiphysics allowed to couple fluid flow and heat transfer as needed. An experiment was designed to validate ...
Relevance of Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical Processes Involved in the Construction and Operation of Copper Heap Leach Pads
M. Tincopa, A. Nardi, G. Roman-Ross , J. Molinero
Technic University of Catalonia (UPC), Barcelona, Spain
Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
Heap leaching in the mining industry had become a sophisticated practice at least 500 years ago. It is a mineral processing technology whereby piles of crushed Run-of–Mine rock are leached with chemical solutions to extract minerals. The goal of this work is to contribute to the understanding of the behavior of a heap leach pad by using coupled Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical simulations. COMSOL ...
EMIX, St Maurice La Souterraine, France
The optimisation of dimensions, materials choice of heaters in annealing furnaces are done with COMSOL Multiphysics® in 2D-axisymetry. Heat losses sources are identified and corrective actions can be taken in function of simulation results. A power saving of more than 50% is achieved thanks to simulations.
B. Chinè , and M. Monno
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy and Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Modeling and simulation softwares are very useful tools when we have to analyse and understand the different phenomena occurring during metal foams processing, because several simultaneous physical mechanisms have to be accounted for. In this work we use Comsol Multiphysics 4.2 to model a spherical hydrogen gas bubble expanding in aluminium liquid, initially at rest. The aim of the present ...
E. Amores Vera, J. Rodríguez Ruiz
Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno, Puertollano, Spain
One of the most critical aspects on water electrolysis is gas-liquid separation, especially in systems with forced convection. The main problem of this kind of circulation is that a gas fraction could return to the electrolysis circuit. A suitable design of separator devices could be a solution in order to avoid a gas return to the electrolysis circuit. In this sense, the use of deflectors might ...
Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden
This paper presents a numerical study of the deposition of submicron charged spherical particles caused by convection, Brownian and turbulent diffusion in a pipe with a smooth wall and with a cartilaginous ring wall structure (see figure). The model is supposed to describe deposition of charged particles in generation 0 (trachea) of the human lung.The problem is defined by solving the fluid flow ...
R. Sikorski, B. Chapman, T. Merrill
Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA
A CFD cardiac catheter model was developed to determine the potential for blood hemolysis during administration of local therapeutic hypothermia using a CoolGuide catheter. In vivo animal studies have shown that mild hypothermia may reduce reperfusion injury often associated with heart attack. The CoolGuide Catheter System (CCS) delivers rapid local cooling through a cardiac catheter, reducing ...
K. T. Sandeep, S. Sahu, V. C. Chaudhari, R. P. Bhattacharyay, E. R. Kumar
Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
Liquid metals are the extensively used as coolants in nuclear reactors.However, the heat transfer mechanism differs significantly in low Prandtl number heavy liquid metals (HLM’s) than those observed in common fluids. It is crucial to have the accurate heat transfer correlation for the liquid metal to estimate the heat removal efficiency. The present paper describes the use of COMSOL tool for ...