On The Purification Of Waste Waters Using Multi-Bore Filters: Simulation Of A Long-Term Filtration Stage
Dipartimento di Matematica U. Dini, Universita' di Firenze, Italy
We present the progress of the simulation activity we are carrying out within the PURIFAST LIFE+ project. We first present the model we formulated to describe the macroscopic effects of the filtration process taking place in a multi-bore filter, focusing on the fouling phenomenon. In membrane-based filters the fouling phenomenon is the major reason of a decreasing filtration efficiency. ...
Department of Energy, Environmental and Building Technology, Karlstad University, Kronoparken, Sweden
Water removal during paper manufacturing is an intensive energy process. The dewatering process generally consists of four stages in which the first three stages, water is removed mechanically through vacuum pulses and pressing.The fourth stage involve thermal drying. The vacuum dewatering process has been considered in this work. A laminar level-set method has been applied in order to capture ...
M. Pal1, S. Kholmatov2 and P. Jönsson2
1Centre-University of Wales, Swansea
2Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
In this paper a simulation model of a laboratory scaled induction ladle is presented. The simulation model so developed will make it feasible to receive information about the fluid flow phenomenon and thermal heat transfer. In order to perform the numerical simulation of the furnace, physical processes involved are expressed as a coupled-nonlinear system of partial differential equations ...
M. Alshareef, A. Alshareef, V. Krishna, M. Kindy, T. Shazly
College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
The incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) in the US is approximately 12,000 individuals annually, due to various forms of trauma and disease. Diminished flow over a prolonged period of time can cause permanent spinal damage. We constructed a 3D finite element model of the spinal cord to examine the role of compressive loading on spinal blood flow. It was found that the type of forces on the ...
M. Giansetti, A. Pezzin, S. Sicardi, G. Rovero
Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
Within wool textile industries, a very important role is played by the so-called finishing processes, in which the textile substrate undergoes steam treatments to achieve the desired level of stabilisation and appearance. Process parameters, namely temperature and moisture content, are known only at the beginning of the process but not in the textile material being treated, where the actual ...
S.-H. Wang, S. Melendez, M. Gomez
Micro and Precision Manufacturing Center, Kun-Shan University of Technology, Taiwan
This study numerically investigates the fluid dynamics in an Active-Liquid-Heat-Sink (ALHS) for a computer microprocessor cooling system. Principal concepts, basic design, and the integration of the ALHS technology into an internal CPU liquid cooling system are presented. Basic assumptions and numerical methods, especially for rotating machinery in fluid dynamics, are discussed in detail. From ...
D. Song, R.K. Gupta, and R.P. Chhabra
West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India
A sphere sedimenting in a cylindrical tube filled with non-Newtonian fluids, including purely viscous and viscoelastic type, is of both practical and fundamental interest. To investigate the effects of shear-thinning and elasticity, four representative constitutive equations are adopted, Newtonian, Carreau, Oldroyd-B and Phan-Thien-Tanner (PTT) models. There is good agreement between our ...
N. Delmonte, F. Giuliani, P. Cova
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Informazione, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italy
Introduction: Power electronic converters such as those for High Energy Physics Experiments (HEPEs) must operate in thermally hostile environment. Heat generated by electronics components must be conveniently dissipated to ensure electrical performances and improve reliability. Due to the high power density, the presence of closed environments, and the requirement of non-thermal interaction with ...
P. Pianko-Oprych, E. Kasilova, Z. Jaworski
West Pomeranian University of Technology, Faculty of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Szczecin, Poland
Micro-tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (mSOFC) are attracting more and more interest as new generation of energy conversion devices. Although commercial applications still suffer from high costs, there is a need for further improvement of the cell performance, durability and start-up. To resolve those challenges, knowledge of the distributions of species concentration, temperature and current ...
Yazdani, A., Shojai, L.
Department of Chemical Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
A steady scalar convection-diffusion problem has been studied for one and two dimensional cases. A FEMLAB 3.1 solution has been presented for the problems, unique features and illustrations of the software have been used and results have been tested against an analytic solution.