T.H. Tan, S.J.N. Mitchell, D.W. McNeill, H. Wadsworth, S. Strahan
Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom
Schrader Electronics Ltd, Antrim, United Kingdom
The piezoresistance effect is defined as change in resistance due to applied stress. Silicon has a relatively large piezoresistance effect which has been known since 1954. A four point bending setup is proposed and designed to analyze the piezoresistance effect in p-type silicon. This setup is used to apply uniform and uniaxial stress along the crystal direction. The main aim of this work is to ...
J. Golebiowski, S. Milcarz
Technical University of Lodz, Poland
The use of optical sensors in the industry is still growing. A transmission of signal from the sensors is mostly done by optical fibers. Switching the signals from optical paths may be done by using micromechanical silicon switches. The main advantage is an ability to transmit data from many sensors using different wavelengths, simultaneously minimizing optical power losses. A silicon beam with ...
G. Vijila, S. Vijayakumar, M. Alagappan, and A. Gupta
PSG College of Technology
Tamil Nadu, India
This paper projects a novel 3D capacitive accelerometer design to identify a severe accident and initiate airbag deployment systems. It will detect the rapid negative acceleration of the vehicle to avoid the severity of the collision. Such a device demands excellent performance in terms of sensitivity, noise immunity, linearity, bias and scale factor stability over time and environmental changes. ...
Improving Detection Sensitivity for Nanoscale Targets Through Combined Photonic and Plasmonic Techniques
G. Zhang, Y. Zhao
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
Photonic technique such as the whispering gallery mode (WGM) is often used for detection of small particles like bacteria and viruses. It offers good detection sensitivity and is advantageous over other detection techniques because the detection can be label free. However, the detection sensitivity may not be sufficient when the size of the detection target is in nanoscale. To change this, we use ...
J. T. Andrews, R. Choubey, O P Choudhary, N. Malviya, A. Patel, M. Kumar, S. Chouksey, J. Solanki
National MEMS Design Center, Department of Applied Physics, Shri G S Institute of Technology & Science, Indore 452003 MP, India
A logic gate performs a certain Boolean logic operation on one or more logical inputs and produces a single logical output. The logic values are either “true” or “false.” Logic gates are bistable devices, that is, they may yield one of these two possible stable outputs. The NAND logic is a universal gate; any logic operation can be performed with various combinations of NAND logics. Many ...
J. Strong, and C. Washburn
Sandia National Laboratories
The newly emerging field of carbon-based MEMS (C-MEMS) attempts to utilize the diverse properties of carbon to push the performance of MEMS devices beyond what is currently achievable. Our design employs a carbon-carbon composite using nano-materials to build a new class of MEMS accelerometer that is hyper-sensitive over a dynamic range from micro-G to hundreds of G’s – far surpassing the ...
Anna Thomas, Juny Thomas, Deepika Vijayan, K.Govardhan
VIT University, Sensor System Technology, School of Electronics Engineering, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
VIT University, MEMS & Sensor Division, School of Electronics Engineering, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
The microscopic size of MEMS devices accounts for strong coupling effects which arise between the different physical fields and forces. Micromirrors are essential parts of microswitches in fiber optic network telecommunication. They are usually 1 to 3 mm in size, fabricated from single crystalline silicon and mostly are electrostatically actuated. The objective is to design the micromirror to ...
H. Cabrera, D.A. Zanin, L.G. De Pietro, A. Vindigni, U. Ramsperger, D. Pescia
Laboratory for Solid State Physics, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
A sharp tip approached perpendicular to a conducting surface at subnanometer distances and biased with a small voltage builds a junction across which electrons can be transferred from the tip apex to the nearest surface atom by direct quantum mechanical tunneling. Such a junction is used e.g. in Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM). When the distance d between tip and collector is increased ...
Aarthi E, Pon Janani S, Vaidevi S, Meenakshi Sundaram N , Chandra Devi K
PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
Blind cave fish are capable of sensing flows and movements of nearby objects even in dark and murky water conditions with the help of arrays of pressure-gradient sensors present on their bodies called lateral-lines. To emulate this functionality of lateral-lines for autonomous underwater vehicles, an array of polymer MEMS pressure sensors have been developed that can transduce underwater pressure ...
Hoang, V.N., Kaigala, G.V., Backhouse, C.J.
ECERF, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Localized heating is poised to become an integral part of microfluidic devices in various life-science applications. This is catalyzed by the scale of economics, the advantageous fluidic behavior at small volumes, and the ever increasing need for rapid and high throughput assays for pharmaceutical industry and other combinatorialbased studies. For precision confined heating, thin film resistive ...