Fluid-Structure Interaction Modeling of High-Aspect Ratio Nuclear Fuel Plates Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
F. Curtis, K. Ekici, J. D. Freels
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
The High Flux Isotope Reactor at the Oak Ridge National Lab is in the research stage of converting its fuel from high-enriched uranium to low-enriched uranium. One of the areas being explored is the fluid-structure interaction phenomenon due to the interaction of thin fuel plates (50 mils thickness) and the cooling fluid (water). Detailed computational simulations have only recently become ...
Investigation on Sensor Fault Effects of Piezoelectric Transducers on Wave Propagation and Impedance Measurements
I. Buethe, C.-P. Fritzen
University of Siegen, Institute of Mechanics and Control Engineering-Mechatronics, Siegen, Germany
For active Structural Health Monitoring (SHM), one popular sensor type is the piezoelectric wafer active sensor (PWAS) due to its multi-purpose application as actuator and sensor and its low cost. It is used to generate a wave field, which interacts with the structure and is recorded by a second set of PWASs. This method is called acousto ultrasonics. The change in wave field from transducer ...
J. Crompton, S. Yushanov, L. Gritter, and K. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies, LLC.
Thermoelectric phenomena provide the direct conversion of heat into electricity or electricity into heat, the phenomena is described by three related mechanisms: the Seebeck, Peltier and Thomson effects. Thermoelectric devices have found many applications ranging from temperature measurement, solid state heating or cooling and direct energy conversion from waste heat. In this paper, analysis ...
Heat Transfer and Phase Transformation on Matrix Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation (MAPLE) of Biocompatible Thin Layers
E. Lacatus, G.C. Alecu, M.A. Sopronyi, A. Tudor
POLITEHNICA University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
INFLPR -National Institute for Laser Plasma and Radiation Physics, Bucharest, Romania
Matrix Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation (MAPLE) technique is used for the deposition of high quality biocompatible polymer thin films. During the deposition process the temperature of the laser target should be kept below 193K to assure the proper quality of both evaporation and deposition phases of the process. On a first approach COMSOL Multiphysics® was used to describe and analyze the ...
L. P. Aoki, H. E. Schulz, M. G. Maunsell
University of São Paulo, São Carlos, SP, Brazil
This article considers a closed water circuit with square cross section filled with an electrolyte fluid. The conductor fluid was moved using an electromagnetic pump, in which a permanent magnet generates a magnetic field and electrodes generate the electric field in the flow. Thus, the movement is a consequence of the magnetohydrodynamic (or MHD) effect. The model adopted here was derived from ...
S.C. Seetharam, D. Jacques
Performance Assessments Unit, Institute for Environment, Health and Safety, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK•CEN), Mol, Belgium
This paper documents current status in the development of a coupled thermal-hydraulic-chemical-geomechanical numerical suite within COMSOL-MATLAB environment to address soil and concrete applications. The mathematical formulations are based on well-established continuum scale models unifying mass conservation, energy conservation, charge conservation, thermodynamic equilibrium and kinetics and ...
N. Ghasem, M. Al-Marzouqi, N. Abdul Rahim
UAE University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates
A comprehensive mathematical model that includes mass and heat transfer was developed for the transport of gas mixture of carbon dioxide and methane through hollow fiber membrane (HFM) contactor. COMSOL Multiphysics® was used in solving the set of partial, ordinary and algebraic equations. The model was based on "non-wetted mode" in which the gas mixture filled the membrane pores for ...
N. Elabbasi, J. Bergstrom, and S. Brown
Veryst Engineering, LLC.
Peristaltic pumping is an inherently nonlinear multiphysics problem where the deformation of the tube and the pumped fluid are strongly coupled. We used COMSOL Multiphysics to investigate the performance of a 180 degree rotary peristaltic pump with two metallic rollers, and an elastomeric tube pumping a viscous Newtonian fluid. The model captures the peristaltic flow, the flow fluctuations ...
Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
Streamers are considered as main cause of electrical breakdown in air at atmospheric pressure. A streamer is an ionization wave propagating in neutral gas which is converted into low-temperature plasma behind its front. A streamer model is based on drift-diffusion approach where space and time evolution of densities of charge carriers is considered. It results in three convection-diffusion PDEs ...
N. Garcia-Polanco, J. Capablo, J. Doyle
Whirlpool Corporation, Cassinetta di Biandronno (VA), Italy
The heat and mass transfer processes occurring in a domestic oven is in detailed analyzed in this work, with the final objective of improving the global energy efficiency of the system. A 3D Finite Element model developed with a Multi-physics approach is validated with the experimental data from the standard test for energy consumption of the European Union (EN 50304:2001). In this test a brick ...