Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Evaluation of Performance of Enzymatic Biofuel Cells with Microelectrode Arrays Inside a Blood Artery via Finite Element Approach

C. Wang[1], Y. Song[1]
[1]Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are considered as a promising candidate for powering miniature implantable devices. In order to predict the performance in the human blood artery, we simulated a 3D EBFC chip with highly dense micro-electrode arrays. In this simulation using COMSOL Multiphysics®, we applied the 1) Michaelis Menten equation; 2) Nernst potential equation; 3) Navier Strokes velocity, ...

Estimation of Localized O2 Starvation Using 3D Modelling for PEM Fuel Cells

Ramesh P[1], S.P Duttagupta[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Bombay,Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Air breathing proton exchange membrane fuel cells have now found its use in wide range of domestic and commercial energy based applications. Optimization of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell system parameters and its safer operation under dynamic conditions ensure higher system output and longer device lifetime. Ensuring safety against oxygen starvation reduces the degradation of membrane ...

Thermal Integration of Coupled SOFC System with a High-Performing Metal Hydride Storage

A. Mossadegh Pour[1], A. Dhira [1], R. Steinberger-Wilckensa[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Auxiliary Power Units can play an important role in reducing vehicle emissions, especially in diesel and kerosene driven vehicles. In conventional vehicles the electricity supply comes from a generator that is directly coupled to the propulsion engine. New generation of fuel cell APUs exclusively use Solid Oxide Fuel Cells with some developments in high temperature polymer electrolyte membranes ...

Analysis on Reaction Mechanism and Kinetics of CVD using COMSOL Multiphysics®

Yudai SUZUKI[1]

[1]The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is widely used in various fields including the fabrication of electronic devices due to its uniform film formation capability on the large-scale wafers and the minute 3D structures. In CVD, precursors (metal compounds) are commonly reacted in gas-phase as well as on the substrate to yield a film, and thereby it is rather difficult to reveal the reaction mechanism ...

Analysis of Temperature Distribution in a Magnetite Catalyst Bed under Microwave Irradiation using COMSOL Multiphysics®

Dai MOCHIZUKI et al.[1]

Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan[1]

Dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene with a magnetite catalyst has been performed with a fixed bed flow type reactor under microwave irradiation. Microwave heating showed a temperature gradient in the catalyst bed. We analyzed an electromagnetic field and heat transfer in the microwave cavity using COMSOL Multiphysics to visualize the temperature distribution in the catalyst bed.

Updated Results of Singlet Oxygen Modeling Incorporating Local Vascular Diffusion for PDT - new

R. Penjweini[1], M. M. Kim[1], T. C. Zhu[1]
[1]Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Introduction: Singlet oxygen (¹O₂) has a critical role in the cell-killing mechanism of photodynamic therapy (PDT). Therefore, in this study, the distance-dependent reacted ¹O₂ is numerically calculated using finite-element method (FEM). Herein, we use a model [Ref. 1] that has been previously developed to incorporate the diffusion equation for the light transport in tissue and the ...

Simulation of Air Flow Through Ventilation Ducts - new

E. Dalsryd[1]
[1]KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

In this report I study the airflow through ventilation ducts. By numerical simulation, the so-called k-factor has been estimated. The k-factor is the quotient of the airflow volume and the square root of the pressure drop over the duct. A two dimensional axial symmetric model has been used to simulate an iris damper connected to a straight pipe. A three dimensional model has been used to ...

Determining Degradation in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Electrode Materials Using COMSOL Multiphyics® Software - new

G. Cui[1], Z. Chen[1], F. Tariq[1], V. Yufit[1], N. Brandon[1]
[1]Imperial College London, London, UK

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) are one of the most attractive technologies for meeting our future energy demands. They promise the efficient conversion of chemical to electrical energy and are a growing area of both academic and industrial interests. Typical electrode-supported SOFCs consist of three key components, two porous functional electrode layers (anode and cathode) and one dense ...

Optimization and Simulation of MEMS Based Thermal Sensor for Performance of Transformer Oil

V. Vijayalakshmi[1], K. C. Devi[1]
[1]PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

In this work, a bimetallic strip based thermal sensor was designed using MEMS module of COMSOL Multiphysics® software to monitor the temperature rise in insulating oil which was used as coolant in transformers. The bimetallic strip was designed with different shapes such as cylindrical, rectangle, square & conical and different compositions such as Al/Steel Alloy and Fe/Cu which can withstand ...

Study of Pull-In Voltage in MEMS Actuators

P. D. Hanasi[1], B. G. Sheeparamatti[1], B. B. Kirankumar[1]
[1]Basaveshwar Engineering College, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India

Micro cantilevers are the basic MEMS structures, which can be used both as sensors and actuators. The . The objective of this work is to study concept of pull-in voltage and how to reduce the same. Voltage is applied to upper cantilever beam and lower contact electrode is made as ground. By increasing common area between cantilever beam and contact electrode, and also by reducing thickness of the ...

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