Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Comparison of Computational Methods for the Estimation of the Dielectrophoretic Force Acting on Biological Cells and Aggregates in Silicon Lab-on-chip

S. Burgarella[1], F. Maggioni[2], and G. Naldi[2]
[1]STMicroelectronics, Agrate Brianza, Milan, Italy
[2]Department of Mathematics, University of Milan, Milan, Italy

Dielectrophoresis is a method for cell manipulation in miniaturized devices exploiting the dielectric properties of cells and/or cellular aggregates suspended in a fluid and subjected to a high-gradient electric field. The mathematical expression of the force is obtained by a multipole expansion whose terms involve increasing power of the particle\'s radius. Three methods for the expression of ...

Ventilation System of a Microwave Assisted Drying Kiln

A.-G. Ghiaus[1], M.-A. Istrate[1], A. Georgescu[1]
[1]Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Romania

The paper presents the analysis and optimization of the ventilation system inside of a drying lumber kiln. As with any part of the manufacturing process, improper drying techniques cause quality degradation and considerable amount of energy loose. The improvement and optimization of air distribution systems in drying kilns contributes to the preservation of the wood quality. The performance of ...

Validation of Space Charge Laminar Flow in Diodes

M. Cavenago[1]
[1]INFN-LNL, Legnaro, Padova, Italy

The well known Pierce design of electron and ion diodes is the base of particle source extraction systems [1,2]. It was heavily studied up to 1960 with analog computing and it now offers us a known case against which to compare the precision of fluid and particle tracing codes. The ideal model assumes zero particle kinetic energy at cathode emission, which is well matched in many sources: the ...

Simulation of Differential Ion Mobility (DMS) Principle Coupled with Mass Spectrometry in Atmospheric Pressure

F. Sinatra[1], T. Wu[2], A. Avila[2], E. Nazarov[1], T. Evans-Nguyen[1], J. Wang[2]
[1]Draper Laboratory, Tampa, FL, USA
[2]University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA

Mass spectrometry is an analytical technique widely used in the scientific community to determine chemical composition of sample compounds. Typically, mass spectrometers perform their analysis under vacuum conditions, though atmospheric pressure mass spectrometers are becoming more prevalent. With the development of atmospheric pressure mass spectrometers, techniques such as FAIMS (Field ...

Wireless RF Digital System for Mouth-Embedded Multi-Sensor Communication

I.M. Abdel-Motaleb[1], J. Lavrencik [1]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA

There is urgent need to monitor dental and oral diseases, such as tooth decay, gum diseases, and teeth grinding. Such monitoring can be achieved by embedding sensors in the mouth. This technique faces some difficulties. The first is how the power needed for the operation of the sensors and the associated electronic chips can be generated. This power can be generated using the pressure exerted by ...

Pressure Drop CFD Modeling in Spacer-Filled Channels for TFF Ultrafiltration

Y. Zou[1]
[1]EMD Millipore Corporation, Bedford, MA USA

Membrane-based tangential flow filtration (TFF) cassettes are used for the clarification, concentration and purification of fluid streams containing macromolecules of proteins. In TFF, the protein fluid is pumped tangentially along the surface of the membrane. The feed flow along the length of channel between two membranes causes a pressure drop from the feed to the retentate end of the channel. ...

Modeling the Effect of Discrete Distributions of Platinum Particles in the PEM Fuel Cell Catalyst Layer

C.F. Cetinbas[1], A.K. Prasad[2], S.G. Advani[1]
[1]Center for Fuel Cell Research, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
[2]University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA

In this study, the basic catalyst layer (CL) structure, consisting of carbon-supported Pt particles (C|Pt) and an ionomer binder, is investigated numerically by using COMSOL. The significance of modeling discrete Pt particles on the carbon support is highlighted by comparing the cell performance results to the case in which the Pt is assumed to be distributed uniformly over the carbon support as ...

Reactive Transport Processes in Compacted Bentonite

A.E. Idiart[1], M. Pekala[1], A. Nardi[1], D. Arcos[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

The Swedish Organization for Radioactive Waste (SKB) is considering disposal High Level Wastes in a deep underground repository. Bentonite clay is planned to be used in the near-field of the waste packages as buffer material. The buffer is expected to provide a favorable environment with limited radionuclide migration due to slow diffusion and retardation by sorption and cation-exchange effects. ...

Analysis of RF Characteristics of a Compound Semiconductor Device Integrated with a Wide-Band Antenna for THz Wireless Communications

A. Tashiro[1], M. Nakamura[1], M. Suhara[1]
[1]Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji City, Tokyo, Japan

Use of the terahertz(THz) region, which is unexplored frequency band, is investigated and expected for the next-generation high-speed wireless communication. In this presentation, we propose a monolithic integrated device by using mesa-shaped compound semiconductor and a thin-metal broadband antenna which is capable in THz operation, and we analyze several characteristics of the device by using ...

Numerical and Experimental Study of Water Drop Movement Subjected to an Air Stream in Porous Medium

A. Yekta[1], D. Stemmelen[1], S. Leclerc[1]
[1]LEMTA,UMR 7563 CNRS - Université de Lorraine, 54518 VANDOEUVRE-LES-NANCY France

Considering a liquid drop in relative movement with respect to the air flow at uniform velocity, the liquid will be driven to the surface by the viscous friction. Internal vortices will appear inside the drop. This problem has already been studied in fluid mechanics and is well known as a classic problem. The idea of the present work is to resume the same analysis in a porous medium within a ...

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