Development of an On-Line Wall-Fouling Sensor for Pipeline Transportation of Heavy Oil-Water Mixtures
S. Rushd, and R.S. Sanders
Chemical & Materials Engineering Department, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
A beneficial method for transporting highly viscous hydrocarbons (e.g. heavy oil and bitumen) through a pipeline is known as Lubricated Pipe Flow (LPF). A major challenge for this technology is flow instability caused by the formation of a wall-coating of oil or the thinning and/or loss of the lubricating water layer in the pipe. This issue can be addressed by using capacitance sensors to measure ...
National Central University, Chungli, Taiwan
Dr. Chin-Hsien Cheng received his PhD. Degree in National Tsing-Hua University, Taiwan in 2007. He joined Institute for Integrated Energy Systems, University of Victoria, Canada as a post-doctoral fellow until Aug. 2009. Currently, he is a research associate and lab manager of the Modeling and Simulation Lab. in the Fuel Cell Center, Yuan-Ze University. Dr. Cheng has been work in the field of ...
Determination of Electric Potential Distribution and Cell Resistance of a Uranium Electrorefining Cell
S.P. Ruhela, S. Agarwal, B. Muralidharan, B.K. Sharma, B.P. Reddy, G. Ravisankar, K. Nagarajan, C.A. Babu, and P. Kalyanasundaram
Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603 102, Tamil Nadu, India
Electrorefining is an electrolytic process for obtaining high purity metal. In this process the impure metal is made anode and the high purity metal is deposited on cathode. Electrorefining is a key step in pyrochemical reprocessing of spent fuel from metal fuel fast reactors. Development of an electrorefining cell, in which processing of 10 kg of simulated spent fuel will be demonstrated, is ...
S. Gidon, M. Brun, and S. Nicoletti
CEA Minatec, Optronic Department, Grenoble, France
Monitoring of indoor CO2 concentration is of particular interest to detect room occupancy in order to optimise power consumptions of building. One technological approach is to use optical detection using specific absorption lines of CO2 molecules in the infrared domain close to 4.2 μm. Key features for a wider use in public and private buildings are power consumption and price. Such optical ...
Modelling of Transport Phenomena and Effect of Applied Electrical Field on Heavy Metals Recovery during Application of the Electro-remediation Process
A. Mahmoud, and J. Beaugrand
Laboratoire de Thermique Energétique et Procédés, ENSGTI, Pau, France
A mathematical model for the simulation of contaminant such as heavy metals removal from soils by electric fields was performed in a 2-D geometry using COMSOL Multiphysics. Electrokinetic phenomena is the result of the coupling between hydraulic and electrical potential gradients in fine grained soils. The model describes the coupled transport of mass and charge of species subjected to an ...
D. La Marra, A. Manconi, and M. Battaglia
Dept of Earth Sciences, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Roma, Italy
IRPI-CNR, Strada delle Cacce, Torino, Italy
This study investigates the feedback between fault slip and dike intrusions during the Mono-Inyo eruption sequence of ~1350 A.D. (Mono Basin, California). We perform an extensive validation of 3D finite element models, implemented in the Structural Mechanics module of COMSOL Multiphysics, against standard analytical solutions of fault dislocation in a homogeneous elastic flat halfspace. The ...
Bennex AS, Bergen, Norway
Controlling electric field distribution in high voltage components is critical to avoid excessive electric stress on the insulation and thus reducing the risk of insulation breakdown and damage to equipment. For subsea applications this is even more important due to the costs involved in accessing and replacing the damaged parts. This paper describes how COMSOL Multiphysics has been used for ...
COMSOL\'s new CFD Module has been tested for laminar and turbulent flows in simple geometries, with couple or segregated solver. These tests allow mesh sensitivities and comparison with analytical solutions. They also give a first idea of cpu time and RAM use for standard cases. In a second part a thermal-fluid simulation of a real industrial application is done: the air flows cooling a large and ...
Using Computational Fluid Dynamics Model to Predict Changes in Velocity properties in Stented Carotid Artery
S. Vaidehi, and A. Ritter
Stevens Institute of Technolgy, Hoboken, NJ, USA
Atherosclerosis is a disease that narrows, thickens, hardens and restructures a blood vessel due to substantial plaque deposit. In the Carotid Artery, the decision to treat using endarterectomy and stenting is determined by the velocity as measured by Doppler flow in the common Carotid Artery. The measured Doppler velocity as compared with the contra-lateral side has been correlated with the ...
Machine Design, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden
Electrical contacts consists of parts where the surfaces are in contact and where the actual physical contact occur just in a few contact asperity points scattered over the whole apparent contact area. Through these contact spots between the two mating bodies the mechanical load and the electric current is transmitted. Often a soft coating is used to enlarge the real contact area. Modeling the ...