Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Virtual Thermal Ablation in the Head and Neck using COMSOL Multiphysics

U. Topaloglu[1], Y. Yan[2], P. Novak[2], P. Spring[3], J. Suen[3], and G. Shafirstein[3]
[1] Department of Information Technology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA
[2]Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA
[3]Department of Otolaryngology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA

Thermal ablation in the head and neck requires accurate thermal dose delivery to target tissue while protecting the structure and function of nearby tissue and organs. In this study, we present a method that allows importing Computed Tomography (CT) scans to COMSOL, in order to model accurately the expected pathological outcomes prior to thermal ablation treatment. Thermal ablation of a virtual ...

Modeling of snRNP Motion in the Nucleoplasm

M. Blaziková[1], J. Malínský[2], D. Stanek[3], and P. Herman[1]
[1]Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
[2]Institute of Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic
[3]Institute of Molecular Genetics, Prague, Czech Republic

Small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles (snRNPs) are essential supramolecular complexes involved in pre-mRNA splicing, the process of post-transcriptional RNA modifications. The particles undergo complex assembly steps inside the cell nucleus in a highly dynamic compartment called the Cajal body. We have previously shown that the free diffusion model does not fully describe the snRNP motion ...

Investigation of Natural Convective Air Flow Field through Comb Channels

R. Umhack, M. Rainer, M. Tamerle, and G. Hillmer
Process-, Environmental- and Bio- technology, MCI - University of Applied Sciences, Innsbruck, Austria

A new type of radiator with a package of combs, to gain a larger area for heat exchange, instead of trapezoidal convector plates, is investigated. The main aim is to find the optimal comb diameter. To solve this problem, CFD (computational fluid dynamics) with COMSOL Multiphysics is used. A chart showing radiator power was produced, which includes radiator power for different temperatures and ...

Modeling the Behavior of Single Particle during Drying Process

S. Bellur, B. Agasanpura, and C. Coronella
Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering Department, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, USA

The aim of the present work is the formulation of a computational model describing transport phenomena in transient biosolids drying. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to perform the simulations, with two spatial dimensions. After a time step of 0.1 s, we found that the solid reached thermal equilibrium with the surrounding gas, which is consistent with empirical correlations.

Lava Tubes at Shallow Depth

M. Di Bari, and G. Zito
University of Bari, Italy

Many theoretical studies concerning lava tubes focus on the thermal disturbances generated on the earth surface. Recently a solution was suggested, where a lava tube located at a great depth h in the soil, where the ratio between h to the major axis of the ellipse a is higher than 10. However, lava tubes more frequently are located at shallower depths.  In this work we ...

Numerical Modelling of Electrophoresis Applied to Restoration of Archaeological Organic Materials

J. Caire[1], A. Bouh[1], and E. Guilminot[2]
[1]LEPMI, UMR 5631, INPG - CNRS, Saint Martin d’Hères, France
[2]EPCC, Arc'Antique, Nantes, France

Restoration of archaeological materials from oceans is a major activity of Arc’ Antique. Organic materials such as wood, tissues, leathers, papers and ceramics found in sea water are always impregnated with salts. Rinsing such archaeological objects with pure water to extract the salts takes too long, so electrophoresis was used to improve the salt extraction. The objective of this ...

Study of Thermo-Electrical and Mechanical Coupling During Densification of a Polycrystalline Material Using COMSOL

F. Mechighel[1,2,3], B. Pateyron[1], M. El Ganaoui[1], and M. Kadja[3]
[1]CNRS SPCTS UMR 6638, Universite de Limoges, France
[2]Département de Génie Mécanique, Universite de Annaba, Algerie
[3]Département de Génie Mécanique, Universite de Constantine, Algerie

Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) is a promising rapid consolidation technique that allows a better understanding and manipulation of sintering kinetics and therefore makes it possible to obtain polycrystalline materials (ceramic or metallic) with tailored microstructures. A numerical simulation of the electrical, thermal and mechanical coupling during SPS is performed. Equations for conservation for ...

Simulations of Hydrogen Cross Field Plasma Switch

M. Zhang
China Electronics Technology Group Corporation, China

With this presentation, some content has been discussed from several parts as follows: 1. Plasma switches are introduced by their derivation and types, and the operating mechanism of Hydrogen cross field plasma switch is indicated then. 2. The related theories of Hydrogen plasma to simulate a DC discharge have been discussed. 3. Hydrogen simulation model is established from two aspects: A: Fixed ...

Thermal Analysis of Electrorefiner for Engineering Scale Pyroprocessing Studies

S. Agarwal, S.P. Ruhela, V. Mente, M.G. Hemanath, B. Murlidhran, V.S. Kumar, C.P. Reddy, G. Ravisankar, B.K. Sharma, K. Nagarajan, C.A. Babu, and P. Kalyanasundaram
Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India

Pyrochemical process based on molten salt electrorefining is ideally suited for reprocessing spent metallic fuels from Fast Breeder Reactors. In this work, a heat transfer analysis of the Electrorefiner cell was conducted to develop a basic tool for designing of the engineering–scale Electrorefiner. The focus of this work is to find out steady state temperature profiles of cover gas and molten ...

Numerical Simulation of a Joule Heating Problem

S.M.F. Garcia[1], and P. Seshaiyer[2]
[1]U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
[2]George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA

In this work we consider a 1-D mathematical model that describes a heating problem combined with electrical current flows in a body which may undergo a phase change as a result of the heat generated by the current, so-called Joule heating. The model consists of a system of nonlinear partial differential equations with quadratic growth in the gradient. Joule heating is generated by the resistance ...

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