R. Coker, J. Knox, K. Kittredge
NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
All spacecraft systems must be minimized with respect to mass, power, and volume. Here, we focus on current efforts to improve system efficiency and reliability for water separation systems to be used on crewed vehicles. These development efforts combine sub-scale systems testing and multi-physics simulations to evaluate candidate approaches. The best performing options will then be ...
University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
RF propagation modelling in (30 – 1000 MHz) SAR region for predicting the location and intensities of constructive interference patterns within rectangular confined spaces using waveguide theory and ray tracing techniques.
K. A. Bodnyk, G. J. Noble, N. Fitzpatrick, M. J. Allen, K. Stephenoff, R. T. Hart
Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
Fitzpatrick Referrals, Godalming, Surrey, United Kingdom
Department of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
The elbow joint in dogs constitutes a complex interaction of three bones, the humerus, radius and ulna. Medial coronoid disease (MCD) is a common cause of lameness in dogs, i.e. fracturing of the most prominent portion of the ulnar joint surface driven in flexion and in pivot against both the humerus and the radius. The cause remains unknown, but prior studies suggest joint incongruency as an ...
Analysis of Temperature Distribution in a Magnetite Catalyst Bed under Microwave Irradiation using COMSOL Multiphysics®
Dai MOCHIZUKI et al.
Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan
Dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene with a magnetite catalyst has been performed with a fixed bed flow type reactor under microwave irradiation. Microwave heating showed a temperature gradient in the catalyst bed. We analyzed an electromagnetic field and heat transfer in the microwave cavity using COMSOL Multiphysics to visualize the temperature distribution in the catalyst bed.
Satoshi Fujii et al.
Chiba University, Chiba, Chiba, Japan
Chemical reactions conducted under microwave irradiation have high reaction rates and high selectivity, but these reaction rates are not always reproducible. To achieve reproducibility, a solid-state microwave source with an ultra precise oscillator, high power amplifier module (HPA), and elliptical applicator is developed. This HPA has up to 141 W average power and generates pure 2.45-GHz sine ...
Interpretation of Measurements with Novel Thermal Conductivity Sensors Suitable for Space Applications
N. I. Kömle, G. Kargl, E. Kaufmann, J. Knollenberg, and W. Macher
Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, Austria
DLR Institut für Planetenforschung, Berlin, Germany
Thermal conductivity of near surface soil layers is a key parameter for understanding the energy balance of planetary bodies. To measure this property, heated needle sensors are frequently used in field and laboratory applications. To adapt this type of sensors for application on space missions, various modifications have to be implemented. An example for such a modified sensor is the so ...
New York University, New York, USA
Computational models of biological systems are becoming more and more common in medical research areas. Evidence of this can be found by examining the number of articles containing the term “finite element” in the expansive National Institutes of Health (NIH) digital research archive PubMed. Numerical modeling of biological systems allows the execution of “computational ...
A. Mohammed, and A. Jeremic
McMaster University, Hamilton, L8S4K1, Canada
Signal processing algorithms for chemical sensing/monitoring have been subject of considerable research interest in the recent years mainly due to their diverse applicability. When the concentration of chemical agent is small, the dispersion of particles is governed by stochastic differential equations describing more complex motion mechanisms such as Brownian motion. In this paper we propose ...
T. Chen, and P.G. Ifju
University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
This paper describes using thermal-structural interaction to model the shrinkage behavior in cement paste under drying. An inverse method of combining the finite element analysis and the least-squares method is implemented to fit experimentally determined shrinkage in order to obtain material properties from the complex geometry used in the tests. The finite element model is created using COMSOL ...
Nexter Systems, Versailles, France
Part of a 120mm gun has been represented as a perforated conic iron solid, surrounded by an annular screen. Inside the gun are limit conditions of isolation or thermal flux. The screen is described as a shell, receiving solar heat and exchanging with the outside atmosphere. It bears a defined number of holes on its top and bottom lines, maintaining semi-captive air between itself and the gun. ...