Electrical Conductivity Modeling and Validation in Unidirectional Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites
P. Banerjee, J. L. Schmidt
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA
Carbon fiber (CF) reinforced polymer composites (CFRP) have begun to replace Al-Zn-Mg alloys in applications which require high strength-to-weight ratios. The anisotropy of CFRP composites is a result of melt crystallized extrusion techniques that impart an inherent directionality to the CFs and the associated material’s properties. Electrical conductivity was modeled across the entire CF ...
B. Finlayson, A. Aditya, V. Brasher, L. Dahl, H. Dinh, A. Field, J. Flynn, C. Jenssen, D. Kress, F. Ninh, A. Nordmeier, H. Song, and C. Yuen
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
The mixing of liquids was characterized in thirteen different microfluidic devices. The goal was to characterize, in a uniform manner, the flow and mixing that occurred in slow, laminar flow and to present the results that allow quick designs. The mixing of a dilute chemical in another liquid during slow, laminar flow is a particularly difficult task, but the results showed that for ...
M.W. Siebert, and P.S. Fodor
Physics Department, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
In this work, the fluid flow over a 2D backward-facing step is analyzed in order to provide a case study for the use of different models for the blood dynamic viscosity in COMSOL Multiphysics. Three non-Newtonian models, as well as the Newtonian model are used to study the shear stresses and the reattachment length as a function of the fluid speed. The non-Newtonian models used in this study are ...
Numerical Study of Navier-Stokes Equations in Supersonic Flow over a Double Wedge Airfoil using Adaptive Grids
V. Gopal, R. Kolluru
BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
Numerical study of aerodynamic characteristics in steady laminar supersonic flow over a double wedge airfoil is carried out using commercially available finite element based CFD tool COMSOL Multiphysics. The aerodynamic characteristics of double wedge airfoil like lift and drag are analyzed by solving Navier-Stokes equations in the flow field for various thickness to chord ratios (t_c) and angle ...
Asif Ahmad Bhat, D. Sujish, Sourabh Agarwal, B. Muralidharan, G. Padmakumar, K. K. Rajan
Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India
Vacuum distillation furnaces (VDFs) are employed for purification and consolidation of heavy metals from their dendritic forms which are entrained with molten salts. The VDF is an induction heated furnace which is operated at a temperature of 700-1400 °C and at a pressure of 0.01-600 torr. To arrive at the adequate design of such type of furnace, magnetic field and temperature distribution need ...
T. Kaya, B. Shiari, K. Petsch, and D. Yates
Central Michigan University, School of Engineering and Technology, Mount Pleasant, MI
University of Michigan, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Ann Arbor, MI
In this work, a MEMS low-g accelerometer with three sensitive directions is designed for health monitoring applications. The accelerometer may have different sensitivity in different axes. The proof-mass of the device is suspended by four serpentine springs, and the comb drive structure is used to form the differential capacitor to measure the displacement of the proof-mass. The structure has an ...
S. A. Selvin, N. B. Moorthy, G. Anju, and M. Alagappan
PSG College of Technology
Tamil Nadu, India
This paper chalks out the design and performance of a piezo resistive surface micro machined circular diaphragm based pressure sensor. A structural deformation in the piezo resistive nano structure placed above the diaphragm will result in varied current density, which is in direct accordance with the applied pressure. This effect relies on the principle of piezo resistivity and employing a nano ...
S. Meenatchisundaram, S. M. Kulkarni, S. Bhat
Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Surathkal, Karnataka, India.
Piezoresistive pressure sensors have received much attention over the years because of low cost, simple measurement techniques, etc. There is a challenge in design with respect to appropriate positioning, shape and temperature compensation. Different models of piezoresistive pressure sensors are proposed to enhance its sensitivity in terms of output voltage. This paper aims in sensitivity ...
J. Jeong, and H. Ramezani
Ecole Speciale des Travaux Publics du Batiment et del’Industrie(ESTP), Cachan, France
Ecole Polytechnique de l’Universite d’Orleans CNRS/CRMD, Orleans, France
The Cosserat models fall into the group of the extended continuum media. They are capable of treating the size effects (characteristic length) in a natural manner using six material moduli for the isotropic elastic cases instead of two (and) for the classical continuum mechanics. This model involves two constitutive laws corresponding to two kinds of balance equation. The first one handles the ...
D. Groulx, and W. Ogoh
Mechanical Engineering Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
One way of storing thermal energy is through the use of latent heat energy storage systems. One such system, composed of a cylindrical container filled with paraffin wax, through which a copper pipe carrying hot water is inserted, is presented in this paper. It is shown that the physical processes encountered in the flow of water, the heat transfer by conduction and convection, and the phase ...