Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Fracture on Circuit Board Internal Layers Due to Thermal Stress on Soldered Pins

F. Figueroa[1], P. Aguirre[1]
[1]Sensor Technik Wiedemann GmbH, Kaufbeuren, Germany

Circuit board failures are often ignored because they could be impreceptible. This simulation examines how internal layers around a soldered pin via subject to temperature changes during the soldering process are affected, show the forces involved and determine breaking points. A 2D thermo-mechanical model of a soldered pin is achieved in two simulation steps. First, a connecting pin already ...

Using The Time Parameter As The Third Geometrical Dimension

J. Krah
AkerSolutions, Fornebu, Norway

The paper demonstrates that for some models a 2D geometry in Cartesian coordinates can be used to obtain a 3D solution with changes in z-direction. A heat exchanger serves as an example of a practical application. The required flow rate in a straight cooling pipe penetrating perpendicularly into a warm wall is calculated to keep the wall temperature below a given limit. Cold water pumped into the ...

Transient Pseudo-3D Model of Multi-Beam Laser Thermal Treatment System

J. Brcka
Technology Development Center
TEL US Holdings, Inc.
Albany, NY

Laser thermal treatment (LTT) systems have applications in IC fabrication for improving low-k dielectrics properties, polymer curing and resist processing. This contribution deals with a transient model of fast scanning and pulsing laser multi-beam system used in semiconductor processing. General Heat Transfer application mode formulation with multi-scale modelling approaches are employed. The ...

Photon Migration Through Multiple Layers of Biological Tissue

M.S. Yeoman[1], E. Sultan[2]
[1]Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
[2]College of Technological Studies, PAAET, Adailiyah, Kuwait

The modeling of light propagation through multiple layers of biological tissue are assessed & compared to the theoretical predictions by Perelman at al. [94 & 95] of the most-favorable-path (MFP). The MFP on which photons will be found can be obtained from the path of the net flux propagation using the diffusion equation. The diffusion equation is valid when studying diffuse light propagation, ...

Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies

M.S. Yeoman[1], C. Quah[2], A. Cizinauskas[1], K. Cooper[1], D. McNally[5], B. Boszczyk[2]
[1]Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
[2]The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
[5]Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...

Explicit Dosimetry for Photodynamic Therapy; Singlet Oxygen Modeling based on Finite-Element Method

Ken Kang-Hsin Wang[1], and Timothy C. Zhu[1]
[1]Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent during type-II photodynamic therapy (PDT). The production of 1O2involves the complex reactions among cancer agent, oxygen molecule, and treatment laser light. The light propagation in tumor tissue is described by the diffusion equation. In this work, an optimization routine is developed to fit the [1O2]rx profile to the simulated necrosis ...

Bone Remodeling Following Total Hip Replacement: Short Stem Versus Long Stem Implants

M.S. Yeoman[1], A. Cizinauskas[1], C. Lowry[2], G. Vincent[3], S. Collins[3], D. Simpson[3]
[1]Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
[2]Corin Group, Cirencester, United Kingdom
[3]Imoprhics, Manchester, United Kingdom

Bone resorption around hip stems, in particular periprosthetic bone loss, is a common observation post-operatively. A number of factors influence the amount of bone loss over time and the mechanical environment following total hip replacement (THR) is important. Conventional long stem prostheses have been shown to transfer loads distally, resulting in bone loss of the proximal femur. More ...

ComsolGrid – A Framework For Performing Large-Scale Parameter Studies Using COMSOL Multiphysics and Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing (BOINC)

C.B. Ries, and C. Schröder
University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld, Germany

BOINC (Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing) is an open-source framework for solving large-scale and complex computational problems by means of public resource computing (PRC). In contrast to massive parallel computing, PRC applications are distributed onto a large number of heterogeneous client computers connected by the Internet where each computer is assigned an individual task ...

Building Energy Simulation Using the Finite Element Method

J. van Schijndel[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

In order to predict, improve and meet a certain set of performance requirements related to the indoor climate of buildings and the associated energy demand, building energy simulation (BES) tools are indispensable. Due to the rapid development of FEM software and the Multiphysics approaches, it should possible to build and simulate full 3D models of buildings regarding the energy demand. The ...

Modeling the Collimator-Detector Scattering Using Stochastic Differential Equations and COMSOL

A. Jeremic[1], T. Farncombe[2], S. Liu[2], and Y. Abdul-Rehman[1]
[1]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
[2]Department of Radiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is a nuclear medicine imaging technique that uses gamma rays. It has been especially useful for bone scans, cardiac perfusion imaging, tumor scans and brain imaging. The main advantage of SPECT imaging is that it can target particular tissue receptors allowing one to focus on the imaging of the diseased tissue. In most cases Monte Carlo ...

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