Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL, USA
Developers of numerical models who address the title problem face several hurdles, such as: (1), the need to formulate boundary conditions applicable in an unbounded region; (2), The need to specify conditions suitable to ensure a unique solution in a doubly connected region; and (3), The need to allow the interior boundary to have a sharp edge, such as a cusp. The aim of the work reported ...
Shape Optimization of Electric and Magnetic System using Level Set Technique and Sensitivity Analysis
Y. Sun Kim, A. Weddemann, J. Jadidian, S. Khushrushahi, and M. Zahn
Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
The classical optimization method has been applied to many design problems for electromagnetic systems. One of its major difficulties is related to meshing problems arising from shape modifications. In order to circumvent these kinds of technical difficulties with moving mesh problems, several researches have tried to formulate shape optimization with fixed mesh analyses based on fixed grid ...
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
This presentation gives an account of how COMSOL Multiphysics® software has helped to accelerate research and development. It has been used to simulate energy systems such as fuel cells, biomedical systems such as hydrogels and human skin, and monolithic catalytic converters. Each of these systems requires a mathematical model that can accurately represent the relevant physics, and which can be ...
Technology Development Center
TEL US Holdings, Inc.
Laser thermal treatment (LTT) systems have applications in IC fabrication for improving low-k dielectrics properties, polymer curing and resist processing. This contribution deals with a transient model of fast scanning and pulsing laser multi-beam system used in semiconductor processing. General Heat Transfer application mode formulation with multi-scale modelling approaches are employed. The ...
Modeling the Bacterial Clearance in Capillary Network Using Coupled Stochastic-Differential and Navier-Stokes Equations
A. Atalla, and A. Jeremic
McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
The capillary network is a complex-interconnected structure. A single blood cell traveling from the arteriole to a venule via a capillary bed passes through, on average, 40−100 capillary segments. The cardiovascular systems responsible of delivering blood to the tissue under sufficient pressure to exchange materials. This is a two way process, at which nutrients, Oxygen, and other ...
M.G. Levy, X. Liang, R.M. Stratt, and P.M. Weber
Department of Chemistry, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
Identifying molecules requires associating molecular structures with their electronic energy levels. In this paper we introduce a novel technique for the calculation of molecular Rydberg levels. The technique allows for easy visualization of the associated wavefuntions to make unambiguous assignments. The value calculated for the 3p state of trimethylamine is most closely in agreement with recent ...
AkerSolutions, Fornebu, Norway
The paper demonstrates that for some models a 2D geometry in Cartesian coordinates can be used to obtain a 3D solution with changes in z-direction. A heat exchanger serves as an example of a practical application. The required flow rate in a straight cooling pipe penetrating perpendicularly into a warm wall is calculated to keep the wall temperature below a given limit. Cold water pumped into the ...
Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies
M.S. Yeoman, C. Quah, A. Cizinauskas, K. Cooper, D. McNally, B. Boszczyk
Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...
P. Mercure, and R. Haley
The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI
ATM Research, Midland, MI
We demonstrate cartogram construction, where a geographical map is distorted to represent some measure, for example population, while trying to keep the shape of regions recognizable. We then apply this cartogram construction technique to optimize thermocouple locations. A heat generation and conduction model is used initialize the cartogram construction algorithm. A uniform distribution of ...
J. van Schijndel
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
In order to predict, improve and meet a certain set of performance requirements related to the indoor climate of buildings and the associated energy demand, building energy simulation (BES) tools are indispensable. Due to the rapid development of FEM software and the Multiphysics approaches, it should possible to build and simulate full 3D models of buildings regarding the energy demand. The ...