Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Designing Materials for Mechanical Invisibility Cloaks

P. Olsson[1], F. Larsson[1], A. Khlopotin[1], S. Razanica[1]
[1]Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden

In solid mechanics, there is considerable interest in achieving “invisibility”. The applications in mechanics include protection of structures and parts of structures from potentially harmful transient waves and steady state vibrations. A suggested large scale application is that protection against seismic waves from earthquakes could be achieved by using cloaking to re-route the waves around ...

Two- and Three-Dimensional Holey Phononic Crystals with Unit Cells of Resonators

Y.F. Wang[1][2], Y.S. Wang[1], L. Wang[2]
[1]Institute of Engineering Mechanics, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Østfold University College, Halden, Norway

We show in this paper that by careful design of the geometry of the resonators, complete bandgap with relatively low center frequency can be obtained for 2D and 3D Phononic Crystals with resonators. The generation of the bandgap is due to the local resonance of the unit cell. Spring-mass and spring-pendulum models are developed to predict the boundaries of the complete bandgap. The predicted ...

Evaluation of Low-Cycle-Fatigue Life of Solder Joints in Surface Mounting Power Devices by Finite Element Modeling

N. Delmonte[1], F. Giuliani[1], M. Bernardoni[2], P. Cova[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Informazione, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italy
[2]CDTR - Centre for Device Thermography and Reliability, H. H. Wills Dept. of Physics, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

The reliability of solder joints [1,2] is one of the key factors in the determination of the reliability of the high power density electronic converters, being the solder joints both the mechanical, the electrical, and often the thermal connections between the electronic component and the board in which the component is placed. The main mechanism by which solder joints are damaged is thermal ...

Modeling the Effect of Porosity on the Elastic Properties of Synthetic Graphite Using CT Scans and the Finite Element Method

G. Sowa[1], R. Paul[1], R. Smith[1]
[1]GrafTech International Inc., Parma, OH, USA

Predicting the physical properties and performance of carbon and graphite materials based on the microstructure of the finished material is a challenging endeavor. This paper discusses the process and workflow for measuring and analyzing the pore structure of graphite by combining advanced CT image technology with Simpleware’s ScanIP™ software. A stack of scanned CT images are imported into ...

Analysis of Cost Effective Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (CEVAWT)

H. Shaikh[1], A. Arjun[1], R. Kumbhar[2]
[1]SVERI's College of Engineering, Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India
[2]WIL Walchandnagar, Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India

Wind turbines are the conventional type of energy source. The main focus of this work is the analysis and fabrication of cost effective VAWT. Cost of the turbine is reduced by low cost material and minimizing its total weight. There are two main types of the wind turbines i.e. Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine and Vertical Axis Wind Turbine. Savonious VAWT is preferable for energy generation, because ...

Modeling and Simulation of High Sensitivity CMOS Pressure Sensor Using Free Boundary Circular Diaphragm Embedded on Ring Channel Shaped MOSFET

S. Joy[1], T. Tom[1]
[1]Rajagiri School of Engineering and Technology, Kochi, Kerala, India

Sensors have diverse applications ranging from medical field to space explorations. They convert physical parameters such as temperature, pressure, humidity etc: - into an electrical output. The discovery of piezoresistivity property of silicon and germanium led to miniaturization of pressure sensors. Improvement in the sensitivity is the major factor to be considered while designing pressure ...

Energy Transformation Damping

G.S. Mulder[1]
[1]Leiden, The Netherlands

A model for material damping is presented in terms of internal friction and in terms of a variation of stiffness. In the latter case the idea is that the stiffness increases if elastic energy is stored and decreases if elastic energy is released. In case of a single mass spring system “stiffness” refers to the stiffness of the spring; in case of a continues object ...

Analysis of the Mechanical Behavior of Violins Based on a Multi-physics Approach

E. Ravina
Dept. of Mechanics and Machine Design, Research Centre on Choral and Instrumental Music (MUSICOS), University of Genoa, Italy

The paper attempts to give a contribution to the dynamic analysis of musical instruments. A multidisciplinary approach oriented to the study of mechanical, structural, vibratory and acoustical phenomena related to stringed instruments is discussed. The case study focused in this paper concerns the violins family: the geometry and the vibratory propagation of this instrument is very complicated to ...

Prediction of Temperature and Thermal Stress in Plasma Sprayed Coatings - new

M. Raja[1] , G. Hiremath[1], K. Ramachandran[1], P.V.A. Padmanabhan[2], T.K. Thiyagarajan[2]
[1]Karunya University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
[2]Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Plasma spraying is one of the prominent technologies for wear, corrosion and high temperature resistant coatings. The coating quality is very important to increase the performance of the components as well as to protect the outer surface of the component from external environment. The coating quality characteristics depend on many plasma process parameters. Among these parameters, distribution of ...

A Numerical Study for Rubber Particles Collection Involved in New Thermoforming Composite Process Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

R. Carbone[1], V. Antonelli[2][3], A. Langella[1], and R. Marissen[3]

[1]Material and Production Engineering Department, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
[2]Institute of Lightweight Structures, Technische Universität München, München, Germany
[3]Design and Production of Composite Structure, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

This paper deal of the forming process applied to the thermoplastic composites. A new thermoforming process that uses rubber particles collection as flexible mould was presented and numerically modeled. A characterization of the rubber in particles form was previously performed to value the material parameters in the user-defined hyperelastic constitutive laws employed in the FEM (Finite Element ...

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