Modeling the Effect of Discrete Distributions of Platinum Particles in the PEM Fuel Cell Catalyst Layer
C.F. Cetinbas, A.K. Prasad, S.G. Advani
Center for Fuel Cell Research, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
In this study, the basic catalyst layer (CL) structure, consisting of carbon-supported Pt particles (C|Pt) and an ionomer binder, is investigated numerically by using COMSOL. The significance of modeling discrete Pt particles on the carbon support is highlighted by comparing the cell performance results to the case in which the Pt is assumed to be distributed uniformly over the carbon support as ...
R. Purkayastha, R. McMeeking
Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK
University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
Due to computational considerations most models of lithium storage particles in batteries incorporate spherical particles. However most storage particles used in battery electrodes tend to be irregular in shape with sharp edges and extended aspect ratios. The change of the relative surface area to the volume of the particle can lead to a change in the stress response of the particle for the same ...
Cheddie D., Munroe, N.
Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL
All of the work conducted in proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) modeling to date has been limited to low temperature applications. The present work is based on the development of a complete 2-D mathematical model of a high temperature PEMFC, which accounts for multi-component fluid flow with electrochemical reactions, heat transfers, and potential variations. The computational domain ...
Optimization of the H2O2 - NaBH4 Regenerative Fuel Cell for Space Power Applications using FEMLAB Modeling
Miley, G.H., Luo, N., Mather, J., Byrd, E., Hawkins, G., Gu, L., Nayak, A., Burton, R., Shrestha, P.J.
Departments of NPRE, Aerospace Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL
FEMLAB is being employed to study and optimize a unique new type of fuel cell (FC) that uses H2O2 in a low temperature PEM type FC directly at the cathode. Experiments with a series of small 5-W units are being analyzed using FEMLAB 3.1 with the Chemical Engineering and Electromagnetics modules. Once benchmarked, the FEMLAB model will be used in design studies for the scaled up 500W and kW cells ...
J. Bouhattate, X. Feaugas, and S. Frappart
Laboratoire d’Etudes des Matériaux en Milieux Agressifs,
Université de La Rochelle, La Rochelle, France
V&M France, CEV, Aulnoye-Aymeries, France
Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE) is one of the mechanisms responsible for premature failure of structures. In the context of environmental sustainability, it is compelling to improve or conceive new processes and/or new materials capable of reducing fracture induced by HE. We analyzed the influence of the oxide layer on the permeability of hydrogen. This investigation was carried on as a correlative ...
Modeling of Next Generation Energy Systems by Using COMSOL: Fuel Cell, High Power Lithium Ion Battery, and Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell
Samsung SDI CAE Team
In this presentation we present methods for modeling alternative energy sources such as Fuel Cells and Solar Cells. The presentation also considers aspects of the modern world and what impact the high consuming of energy sources will have on tomorrow's society. This presentation is written in Korean. --------------------------------- Keynote speaker's biography: Jake Kim received ...
M. Hackert, G. Meichsner, and A. Schubert[1,2]
Micromanufacturing Technology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute of Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Electrochemical Machining with a closed electrolytic free jet is a special procedure to generate complex micro structures by help of anodic dissolution. The work piece shape is fabricated by supplying an electrolytic current through an electrolyte jet ejected from a small nozzle. In this study COMSOL Multiphysics is used to simulate the electric current density in the jet and the dissolution ...
M. Pfafferodt, P. Heidebrecht, and K. Sundmacher[1,2]
Otto-von-Guericke-University, Magdeburg, Germany
Max-Planck-Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Magdeburg, Germany
A model of a Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) stack with internal reforming is presented. It describes the concentrations in the gas phase, the temperatures and the current densities in this highly integrated system. The differential equations, boundary conditions and the coupling equations used in the model are presented. A strategy to solve the system of partial differential ...
Optimization of the Lithium Insertion Cell with Silicon Negative Electrode for Automotive Applications
R. Chandrasekaran, and A. Drews
Research and Advanced Engineering
Ford Motor Company
The US Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) has established goals for long term commercialization of advanced batteries for electric vehicle applications. In this work, a dual lithium-ion insertion cell with silicon as the negative electrode and an intercalation material as the positive electrode is modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics. Both are composite porous electrodes with binder, void volume ...
M. N. Nandanwar, S. K. Gupta
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
Failure of conventional lead-acid battery is attributed to degradation of solid active mass (PbO2 and PbSO4 ). A number of research efforts are underway worldwide to overcome degradation of active mass to improve the cycle life of lead-acid batteries. Soluble lead-acid flow battery (SLFB) is a new kind of lead-acid flow battery in which products of discharge remain in dissolved state. SLFB ...