Y. T. Habtemichael, R. T. Kiflemariam, H. R. Fuentes
Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Seawater intrusion into coastal aquifers is usually modeled by using transport models that include account for the effect of variable-density on flow. Variable-density models can be validated with the Henry and Elder benchmark problems. However, when mixed convective flow is simulated under variable density conditions, it is susceptible to physical and numerical instabilities. The purpose of ...
Extraction of Thermal Characteristics of Surrounding Geological Layers of a Geothermal Heat Exchanger by COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations - new
N. Aranzabal, J. Martos, J. Soret, J. Torres, R. García-Olcina, Á. Montero
Technical School of Engineering, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Department of Applied Physics, Politechnical University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
It has been demonstrated that is possible obtain the thermal parameters of geological layers of a BHE (Borehole Heat Exchanger) by fitting temperature evolution in an observer pipe inserted into borehole.
Elastoplastic Models of the Interaction between Active Fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides (NE Italy and NW Slovenia)
M. Coccia, E. Carminati, F. Rolandone, M. Battaglia, D. Zuliani, and P. Fabris
Università La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
Centro Ricerche Sismologiche, Udine, Italy
We use GPS measurements and Finite Element analysis to investigate strain accumulation in the interaction between active fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides at the northern edge of the Adriatic micro-plate. We develop a three dimensional model of the area taking into account the regional topography, approximating the crust as an elasto-plastic medium and reproducing as close as possible ...
T.I. Bjørnarå, E. Aker, and E. Skurtveit
NGI, Oslo, Norway
Safe short term storage of CO2 depends mainly on structural and solubility trapping. On longer term, mineral trapping is also contributing to the trapping of CO2. To be able to investigate the importance of these different storage mechanisms, a finite element model for simulation of CO2 injection has been developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The model describes and solves for two-phase flow ...
L. Wissmeier, and D. A.Barry
GIT HydroS Consult GmbH, Freiburg, Germany
EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
We present a software tool for simulations of subsurface flow and solute transport in combination with comprehensive intra-phase and inter-phase geochemistry. The software uses PHREEQC as a reaction engine to COMSOL Multiphysics®. The coupling with PHREEQC gives major advantages over COMSOL’s built-in reaction capabilities, i.e., the soil solution is speciated from its element composition ...
Coupled Gas Flow and Thermal and Reactive Transport in Porous Media for Simulating Waste Stabilization Phenomena in Semi-Aerobic Landfill
H. Ishimori, K. Endo, T. Ishigaki, H. Sakanakura, and M. Yamada
National Institute for Environmental Studies
Semi-aerobic landfill has interesting structure that passively provides the atmospheric oxygen into landfilled waste due to the heat convection generated by the decomposition of landfilled waste. There are limited studies on the mechanisms of the oxygen transport. This paper presents the governing equations and parameter estimation methods for the numerical simulation of the gas fluid flow and ...
M. Quinn, D. Whitlow, O.D.S. Taylor, M.H. McKenna
 Engineer Resource and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, MS, USA
Bridge piers and abutments makeup the bridge substructure and transmit loads from the superstructure to the bridge foundation material (Figure 1). The bridge abutment serves three purposes: to provide vertical support to the bridge superstructure where the bridge ends, to connect the bridge with the approach roadway, and to retain roadway base materials. There are several types of abutment ...
R. Haemers, F. Broekkamp, H. van Halewijn
Fontys University of Applied Physics, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
The hills of South-Limburg, the Netherlands, are crisscrossed with underground limestone mines. These "caves" are not equally stable, and can be dangerous. With COMSOL Multiphysics® a stability assessment has been made. The first study examines the full stress and displacement profile without excavation. In a second study the domains of the corridors are excluded, to represent the excavation ...
G. Ha, S. S. Kim, J. H. Kim
Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea
Here we aim to advance geomagnetic modeling approaches using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and improve the degree of detail that can be obtained from the measured magnetic field. First, we carried out benchmark tests by comparing the computed results using the widely used analytic solutions for rectangular bodies with arbitrary direction of magnetization with those from the AC/DC Module of ...
M. Di Bari, and G. Zito
University of Bari, Italy
Many theoretical studies concerning lava tubes focus on the thermal disturbances generated on the earth surface. Recently a solution was suggested, where a lava tube located at a great depth h in the soil, where the ratio between h to the major axis of the ellipse a is higher than 10. However, lava tubes more frequently are located at shallower depths. In this work we ...