Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

BHE Field Design by Superposition of Effects in Space and Time

S. Lazzari[1], E. Zanchini[1]
[1]DIENCA - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

A design method for BHE fields in the absence of groundwater flow is presented, based on the superposition of effects. The effects of any periodic heat load with a period of one year can be obtained by a weighted sum of the effects of a monthly unit step heat load, properly displaced in time. The interference among BHEs is evaluated by the superposition of effects in space. The result of the ...

A Finite Element Test of the 2002-2003 Etna Eruption

F. Pulvirenti[1][2], M. Aloisi[1], G. De Guidi[2], M. Mattia[1], and C. Monaco[2]
[1]Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy

Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward. Three contrasting models have been proposed: deep-seated spreading, shallow sliding and tectonic block movements. In order to better understand the kinematics of instability processes on eastern flank of Mt. Etna, a numerical simulation has been applied to a ...

Matching 4D Porous Media Fluid Flow GeoPET Data With COMSOL Multiphysics Simulation Results

J. Lippmann-Pipke, J. Kulenkampff, G. Marion, and M. Richter
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden
Rossendorf, Institut of Radiochemistry
Research Site Leipzig
Reactive Transport Division
Leipzig, Germany

We apply COMSOL Multiphysics for reproducing our experimental observations of fluid flow and transport processes in geological media. Our experimental GeoEPT-method allows the 4D monitoring of transport processes in geological material on laboratory scale. Explicitly we import “realistic structures” from geologic samples scanned by means of computer tomography (CT) as stl-files into COMSOL ...

Impact Assessment of Hydrologic and Operational Factors on the Efficiency of Managed Aquifer Recharge Scheme

M.A. Rahman[1], P. Oberdorfer[1], Y. Jin[1], M. Pervin[1], E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, Geoscience Center, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany

Due to increased demands on groundwater accompanied by increased drawdowns (ca. 2-3 meters/year), technologies that use alternative water resources have been suggested for Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Preliminary studies show that managed aquifer recharge (MAR) would help in optimal use of available water resources and to reduce adverse effects of pumping in the Dupitila aquifer of the city. In this ...

Rigid Inclusion Rotation in Viscous Shear Flow

Taborda, R.1, Ornelas Marques, F.1, Bose, S.2
1 Dep. Geologia and LATTEX, Fac. Ciências, Univ. Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal
2 GEOMODELS and CGUL, Fac. Ciências, Univ. Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal

Theoretical and experimental studies on the rotation of rigid inclusions under simple shear flow have typically considered infinite width shear zones and perfect attachment of inclusion to the matrix. According to these models, during progressive simple shear a coherent object would continuously rotate synthetically, which is not the case in many natural ductile shear zones. In this work we ...

Computational Science and Engineering at DuPont

R. Nopper
Dupont Engineering
Research & Technology
Wilmington, DE

Rick has a BS in Physics, a ScM in Geological Sciences, and a PhD in Physics. He worked at Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Conoco Petroleum Exploration Research, and, since 1989, has been at the DuPont Experimental Station. In this industrial setting, Rick has had opportunity to work on a great diversity of problems ranging from traditional engineering studies, using commercial finite-element ...

Application of Numerical Simulation in Geotechnical Engineering

Dr. Meen-Wah Gui[1]
[1]Department of Civil Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan

In this work, COMSOL Multiphysics was used to develop a model to investigate the degree of saturation in sloped terrain. The model was validated via laboratory experiments incorporating Lan’s man-made rainfall slope model test. The validated model was used in an actual case study to simulate the Maokong Landslide.

Lava Tubes at Shallow Depth

M. Di Bari, and G. Zito
University of Bari, Italy

Many theoretical studies concerning lava tubes focus on the thermal disturbances generated on the earth surface. Recently a solution was suggested, where a lava tube located at a great depth h in the soil, where the ratio between h to the major axis of the ellipse a is higher than 10. However, lava tubes more frequently are located at shallower depths.  In this work we ...

Coupled Hydrochemical Modeling for the Optimal Design of an In-situ Redox Experiment

P. Trinchero[1], J. Molinero[1], G. Román-Ross[1], A. Nardi[1], L.M. De Vries[1], T. Karvonen[2], P. Pitkänen[3]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
[2]WaterHope, Helsinki, Finland
[3]Posiva, Eurajoki, Finland

In this work, we present a number of scoping calculations that have been carried out to design an in-situ redox experiment (Figure 1) focused on assessing potential changes in the pH and redox conditions and in the buffering capacity of the Olkiluoto bedrock (i.e. the site for the Finnish spent fuel repository). A characteristic of these models lies in the need to integrate prior information, ...

3D Finite Element Models of Ground Deformation and Stress Field in a Viscoelastic Medium

D. Scandura1,2, G. Currenti1, and C. Del Negro1
1Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
2Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy

A 3D finite element model was used to evaluate the time dependent ground deformation and the stress change caused by a pressure source embedded in a viscoelastic medium. In volcanic areas, the presence of inhomo-geneous materials and high temperatures produce a lower effective viscosity of the Earth's crust which calls for consideration of the thermal regime of crustal volume surrounding the ...

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