Taborda, R.1, Ornelas Marques, F.1, Bose, S.2
1 Dep. Geologia and LATTEX, Fac. Ciências, Univ. Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal
2 GEOMODELS and CGUL, Fac. Ciências, Univ. Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal
Theoretical and experimental studies on the rotation of rigid inclusions under simple shear flow have typically considered infinite width shear zones and perfect attachment of inclusion to the matrix. According to these models, during progressive simple shear a coherent object would continuously rotate synthetically, which is not the case in many natural ductile shear zones. In this work we ...
Wang, X., Pepper, D.W.
University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Las Vegas, NV
The assurance of mass consistency in constructing 3-D atmospheric velocity fields is important when developing accurate numerical simulations. The implementation of a mass consistent wind field is typically undertaken using available meteorological data obtained from instrumented towers and remote sensors. In this study, two methods are presented and compared for constructing 3-D mass ...
Modeling Geophysical Fluid Flows Using COMSOL: Working Towards a Hydrodynamic Model of the Chesapeake Bay
M. Boe, R. Malek-Madani, D. R. Smith, and M. E. C. Vieira
United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
The outline for this presentation is:Chesapeake Bay BasicsMathematical FrameworkLinear Western Intensification Models -Stommel (1948), Munk (1950)Non-linear equations solved in rectangular geometriesThree-dimensional Chesapeake Bay bathymetry attempts
J. Lippmann-Pipke, J. Kulenkampff, G. Marion, and M. Richter
Rossendorf, Institut of Radiochemistry
Research Site Leipzig
Reactive Transport Division
We apply COMSOL Multiphysics for reproducing our experimental observations of fluid flow and transport processes in geological media. Our experimental GeoEPT-method allows the 4D monitoring of transport processes in geological material on laboratory scale. Explicitly we import “realistic structures” from geologic samples scanned by means of computer tomography (CT) as stl-files into COMSOL ...
Coupled Gas Flow and Thermal and Reactive Transport in Porous Media for Simulating Waste Stabilization Phenomena in Semi-Aerobic Landfill
H. Ishimori, K. Endo, T. Ishigaki, H. Sakanakura, and M. Yamada
National Institute for Environmental Studies
Semi-aerobic landfill has interesting structure that passively provides the atmospheric oxygen into landfilled waste due to the heat convection generated by the decomposition of landfilled waste. There are limited studies on the mechanisms of the oxygen transport. This paper presents the governing equations and parameter estimation methods for the numerical simulation of the gas fluid flow and ...
P. Trinchero, J. Molinero, G. Román-Ross, A. Nardi, L.M. De Vries, T. Karvonen, P. Pitkänen
Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
WaterHope, Helsinki, Finland
Posiva, Eurajoki, Finland
In this work, we present a number of scoping calculations that have been carried out to design an in-situ redox experiment (Figure 1) focused on assessing potential changes in the pH and redox conditions and in the buffering capacity of the Olkiluoto bedrock (i.e. the site for the Finnish spent fuel repository). A characteristic of these models lies in the need to integrate prior information, ...
M. Di Bari, and G. Zito
University of Bari, Italy
Many theoretical studies concerning lava tubes focus on the thermal disturbances generated on the earth surface. Recently a solution was suggested, where a lava tube located at a great depth h in the soil, where the ratio between h to the major axis of the ellipse a is higher than 10. However, lava tubes more frequently are located at shallower depths. In this work we ...
J. Rojo, S. Ognier, and S. Cavadias
Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Plasmas et Traitements de Surfaces, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
A lot of techniques are developed to treat soils polluted by hydrocarbons pollutants: incineration, thermal treatment, extraction, chemical oxidation, bioremediation… Some of these techniques are very energy consuming (incineration, thermal treatment…) and often need a subsequent treatment of the generated gases or liquids. Of all the decontamination methods, bioremediation appears to be the ...
Computation of the Longitudinal Dispersion Coefficient in an Adsorbing Porous Medium Using Homogenization
A. Rijnks, M. Darwish, and H. Bruining
StatoilHydro ASA, Bergen, Norway
Shell Exploration & Production International Centre, Rijswijk,
Section of Geoengineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
The method to derive upscaled expressions for the dispersion coefficients for reactive flow in a porous medium uses a periodic unit cell (PUC), which consists for instance of a spherical grain in a cube, but nothing prohibits defining more complex PUC's. Homogenization leads to a coupled system of equations where the flow is described by Stokes equation and the concentration fluctuation is ...
D. Scandura1,2, G. Currenti1, and C. Del Negro1
1Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
2Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
A 3D finite element model was used to evaluate the time dependent ground deformation and the stress change caused by a pressure source embedded in a viscoelastic medium. In volcanic areas, the presence of inhomo-geneous materials and high temperatures produce a lower effective viscosity of the Earth's crust which calls for consideration of the thermal regime of crustal volume surrounding the ...