Joint Research Centre Ispra
It has become common place to use micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) to evaluate the chemical properties of solutions. However, such microchips have not yet been applied to the analysis of radioactive solutions, for the purpose of nuclear safeguards, in the nuclear reprocessing industry. Implementing MEMS in this area results in a reduced volume of the sample to be analysed. This has many ...
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm and University of Texas
Virtual prototyping is used for understanding, verifying, planning, controliing, and optimizing a technical application. It the industrial component computational science and engineering and can be called "the third pillar of modern science". The future of virtual prototyping will be multiscale and multiphysics models and simulations. --------------------------------- Keynote speaker's ...
Dual Solutions for Viscous Mixed Convection Flows in a Vertical Circular Duct: A Numerical Benchmark
S. Lazzari1, A. Barletta1 , E. Magyari1,2, and F. Piccinini3
1Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale (DIENCA), University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
2Institute of Building Technology, ETH - Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
3Biomedical Engineering, Engineering School of Cesena, Cesena, Italy
Forced and free convection flow in a vertical isothermal circular duct is studied by taking into account the internal heating due to viscous dissipation. The momentum and energy balance equations lead to a nonlinear boundary value problem that is solved numerically by means of the finite-element software COMSOL Multiphysics.For any prescribed value of the average velocity smaller than a maximum, ...
Design of heat flux microsensor assisted by COMSOL for the study of energy transfer on Si and Cu thin samples
L. Bedra, N. Semmar, A.-L. Thomann, R. Dussart, J. Mathias, and Y. Tessier
GREMI, CNRS-Université d'Orléans, Orléans, France
A commercial heat probe is used for energy transfer measurements on copper and silicon substrates. To do so, the micro sensor has to be calibrated under high vacuum (~10-7 mbar), using a homemade black body as a heat source.Although the HFM is cooled at 5 oC, the solid surface temperature is unknown as the thermal contact resistance. Thus, COMSOL simulations are also used to obtain reliable ...
J. P. Caire, and F. Jomard
LEPMI, ENSEEG, Saint Martin d'Hères, France
The purpose of this study was the optimization of an industrial furnace from a thermal point of view. Such a cylindrical furnace contains an Al-Mg molten alloy covered by a KCl-NaCl molten salt layer floating on it to prevent alloy evaporation. When tilting the cylindrical furnace, it was necessary to compute the relation between the salt and alloy volumes and the area of the liquid alloy/salt ...
M. F. Santillo1, and A. G. Ewing1,2
1Department of Chemistry, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
2Department of Chemistry, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden
A microfluidic device for performing multiplexed cell bioassays has been successfully developed. The device takes advantage of laminar flow and hydrodynamic focusing in order to selectively load cells into various culture chambers and address cells with pharmacological agents. Both computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations and fluorescence microscopy illustrate how fluid flow can be ...
S. L. Butler
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, SK, Canada
Partial melting occurs beneath mid-ocean ridges in Earth's mantle and the resulting liquid migrates to the surface to form a new oceanic crust. In this system, mass can be exchanged between the liquid and solid phases through melting and solidification and, at the high temperatures and pressures associated with the Earth's interior, the solid matrix deforms through the process of compaction, ...
Modeling Dispersal of Genetic Information in Structured Agricultural Landscapes with Partial Differential Equations
K. Lipsius, and O. Richter
Institute of Geoecology, TU Braunschweig, Germany
We present a model for plant dispersal in agricultural landscapes to evaluate the gene dispersal from genetically modified (GM) plants. Dispersal from seed and pollen is modeled with partial differential equations. In scenarios, we investigated the effect of roadside application of non-selective herbicides on dispersal of herbicide tolerant oilseed rape (HT OSR). We showed that OSR growing on ...
A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, A. Weddemann, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, University of Bielefeld, Germany
Transport phenomena in spatially periodic magnetic systems, in particular the directed transport of magnetic beads in a so called magnetic ratchet (Brownian motor) are considered. Simulations are carried out to test and optimize this system, where the Smoluchowski equation with flux terms for the magnetic and gravitational force is used. Furthermore, experiments are carried out to verify the ...
X. Wang, R. Guthrie, and M. Isac
McGill Metals Processing Centre, Montreal, Canada.
A numerical multiphase flow model is proposed to predict the behavior and motion of entrained inclusions in liquid steel, as they enter the orifice of a LiMCA (Liquid Metal Cleanliness Analyzer) sensor for assuring steel quality. The method of measurement is based on the electric sensing zone (ESZ) technique. The liquid metal flow field within the ESZ is obtained by solving the Navier-Stokes ...