Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Charakterisierung einer magnetorheologischen Flüssig-keit für die Innenhochdruck-Umformung von Rohren

Dal Bó, P., Blankl, A., Geiger, M.
Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Lehrstuhl für Fertigungstechnologie, Erlangen, Deutschland

Bei der Innenhochdruck-Umformung von Rohren findet die Umformung durch eine Kombination aus Aufweiten und Stauchen statt. Aufgrund des Innendrucks und der daraus resultierenden Reibung zwischen Werkzeug und Werkstück erfolgt bei einem sehr langen Rohr kein weiteres Nachschieben in die Aufweitzone, sondern lediglich ein Aufstauchen in der Führungszone. Mit Hilfe der Strömung eines hochviskosen ...

Two-fluid modelling of an abnormal low-pressure glow discharge

Low-pressure glow discharges are of topical interest for a lot of technological applications like plasma light sources, plasma processing for surface modification, and plasma chemistry. Therefore, a detailed understanding of the fundamental processes of glow discharges is required to e.g. optimize the discharge parameters in these plasma applications. Theoretical investigations can help to ...

Chaotic Behavior of the Airflow in a Ventilated Room

A.W.M. van Schijndel[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Chaotic systems may lead to instability, extreme sensitivity and performance reduction. Therefore it is unwanted in many cases. Due to these undesirable characteristics of chaos in practical systems, it is important to recognize such a chaotic behavior. The existence of chaos has been discovered in several areas during the last 30 years. However, there is a lack of studies in relation with ...

Boundary Conditions Identification for Thermostatic Cauchy Problem by Minimizing an Energy-like Function

T.N. Baranger
LDMS, UMR CNRS-INSA 5006, ISTIL - Université Claude Bernard, Lyon

An energy-like error function is introduced in the context of the ill-posed problem of boundary data recovering, which is commopnly known as a Cauchy problem. Here the problem is converted into an optimization problem. Numerical simulations highlight the efficiency and robustness of the proposed method.

Computer Modelling of Deformable non-Newtonian Flow using COMSOL Multiphysics

H.A. Lecuyer[1], F.H. Bertrand[1], P.A. Tanguy[1], J.P. Mmbaga[2], and R.E. Hayes[2]
[1] Ecole Polytechnique , Montreal
[2] University of Alberta, Edmonton

This presentation is concerned with the modelling of deformable non-Newtonian Flow using COMSOL Multiphysics. This general modelling approach has more concrete applications such as paper coating in a metering size press, meniscus location by PIDS to mention a few.

Simulation of Incompressible Flow through Rhombohedric Pores

R. Viola[1][3], F. Zama[2], M.Tuller[3], and E. Mesini[1]

[1]DICMA, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
[2]Dep. of Mathematics, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
[3]Dep. of Soil, Water, and Environmental Science, University of Arizona, Arizona, USA

Advances in visualization and discretization of pore structures by means of Computed Tomography, and rapidly increasing computational capabilities, allow numerical modeling of pore-scale fluid flow based on the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations rather than using a macroscopic approach based on Darcy’s law. To test the capabilities of the COMSOL Multiphysics modeling platform, we ...

Simulation of Transport of Lipophilic Compounds in Complex Cell Geometry

Q.A. Chaudhry[1], M. Hanke[1], and R. Morgenstern[2]
[1]School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
[2]Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

The mathematical modeling of the diffusion and reaction of toxic compounds in mammalian cells is tough task due to their very complex geometry. The heterogeneity of the cell, particularly the cytoplasm, and the variation of the cellular architecture, greatly affects the behavior of these toxic compounds. Homogenization techniques have been implemented for the numerical treatment of the model. ...

Reactor Design Improvements for a Propane Autothermal Reformer by Simulation of Momentum Flow

F. Cipitì, L. Pino, A. Vita, M. Laganà, and V. Recupero
CNR-ITAE, Messina

The paper presents a two-dimensional model to describe the gas flow in a propane autothermal reactor, developed at the CNR-ITAE Institute, and aimed to design a Beta 5 kWe hydrogen generator, named HYGen II, to be used with Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFCs) for residential applications. The main aim of the mathematical model was to optimize the reactor geometrical key parameters (diameter ...

COMSOL Implementation of Valet-Fert Model for CPP GMR devices

T. Xu[1], C.K.A. Mewes[1], S. Gupta[2], and W.H. Butler[1]
[1]Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Materials for Information Technology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
[2]Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering and Center for Materials for Information Technology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA

The Giant Magneto Resistance (GMR) effect is a quantum mechanical effect which can be observed in systems consisting of thin alternating ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic layers. Simulation using COMSOL allows the evaluation of the magneto-resistance ratio and the electrical resistances of realistic CPP-GMR devices and opens the possibility to study new device materials and designs.

Deep Desulfurization of Diesel Using a Single-Phase Micro-Reactor

G. Jovonavic[1], J. Jones[1], and A. Yokochi[1]
[1]School of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

This paper describes the benefits of computational fluid dynamics in the development of a microreactor used in the desulfurization of aromatic compounds. It is crucial to verify diffusion and extinction coefficients to ensure accurate simulation results prior to experiments. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to model the behavior of all of the possible species present and reactions that may occur.

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