Finite Element Modeling for the Mechanical Behavior of Silicon Diaphragms Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
J. Ren, M. Ward, Peter Kinnell, and Russell Cradock
School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
GE Druck Limited, Fir Tree Lane, Leicester, United Kingdom
The silicon diaphragm is one of the most common structures in Micro-Electromechanical Systems (MEMS). However, it is susceptible to creep deformation at elevated temperatures. This paper presents a transient finite element model which simulates the mechanical behavior of the micromachined silicon diaphragms at the temperature of 900 °C. The constitutive equations proposed by Alexander and ...
S. Burgarella, B. Dell’Anna, V. Perna, G. Zarola, and S. Merlo
STMicroelectronics, Agrate Brianza, MI, Italy
Dipartimento di Elettronica, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Pavia, Italy
Dielectrophoresis (DEP) is a method for cell manipulation without physical contact in lab-on-chip devices, since it exploits the dielectric properties of cells suspended in a microfluidic sample, under the action of locally generated high-gradient electric fields. The DEP platform that has been developed offers an integrated solution for customizable applications. Several functional units, ...
T.I. Bjørnarå, E. Aker, and E. Skurtveit
NGI, Oslo, Norway
Safe short term storage of CO2 depends mainly on structural and solubility trapping. On longer term, mineral trapping is also contributing to the trapping of CO2. To be able to investigate the importance of these different storage mechanisms, a finite element model for simulation of CO2 injection has been developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The model describes and solves for two-phase flow ...
R. Tovo and S. Capetta
Dipartimento di Ingegneria, Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
This paper is concerned with the fatigue behavior of complex, three-dimensional, stress concentrations under multiaxial loadings. Starting from the stress field obtained from a linear elastic analysis and taking advantage of the so-called implicit gradient approximation, an effective stress index connected with the material strength is calculated. Besides, this work summarizes a first ...
V.M. Rodriguez-Zermeno, M.P. Sørensen, N.F. Pedersen, N. Mijatovic, and A.B. Abrahamsen
DTU Mathematics, Lyngby, Denmark
DTU Electrical Engineering, Lyngby, Denmark
Materials Research Division, Risø, DTU, Roskilde, Denmark
This work presents a method to calculate AC losses in thin conductors such as the commercially available second generation superconducting wires through a multiscale meshing technique. The main idea is to use large aspect ratio elements to accurately simulate thin material layers. For a single thin superconductor, several standard test cases are simulated including transport current, externally ...
B. Baudouy and F. Visentin
CEA, Irfu, SACM, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
The construction of high magnetic field superconducting coils requires the use of low temperature superconductors that must be cooled down to liquid helium temperature (4.2 K). Natural two-phase convection loops, i.e. thermosiphon loop, are used as cooling system for large superconducting magnets mainly because of its passive nature. The study present a thermohydraulics model realized with COMSOL ...
M. Guizzetti, V. Ferrari, D. Marioli, and T. Zawada
Dept. of Electronics for Automation, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy
Meggitt, Ferroperm Piezoceramics A/S, Kvistgaard, Denmark
The conversion of mechanical energy from environmental vibrations into electrical energy is a key point for powering sensor nodes toward the development of autonomous sensor systems. Piezoelectric energy converters realized in a cantilever configuration are the most studied for this purpose. In order to improve the performances of the converter, the geometry has to be properly designed. In this ...
A.H. Feyissa, J. Adler-Nissen, and K.V. Gernaey
Food Production Engineering, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
A 2D mathematical model of coupled heat and mass transfer describing oven roasting of meat was formulated from first principles. The current formulation of model equations incorporates the effect of shrinkage phenomena and water holding capacity. The model equations are based on conservation of mass and energy. The pressure driven transport of water in meat is expressed using Darcy’s equation. ...
A. Genoese, A. Genoese, and G. Garcea
Dipartimento di Modellistica per l'Ingegneria, Università della Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, CS, Italy
Saint-Venant general rod theory is used to calculate the elastic factors of a section through the numerical solution of a system of partial differential equations. The elastic properties so evaluated are used in a geometric nonlinear analysis of 3D beam structures with general cross-section to calculate some important quantities such as the stiffness matrix. Linear solutions, such as the ...
L. Braci, S. Ognier, and S. Cavadias
Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Plasmas et Traitements de Surfaces, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
Non-thermal plasma, generated in atmospheric pressure discharges, has been investigated in our laboratory in order to treat highly diluted (300 ppm to 1000 ppm) volatile pollutant. The collision of electrons created in the discharge with atmospheric air, leads to the formation of reactive species that can totally or partially oxidize the pollutants at near ambient temperature. The purpose of the ...