Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Finite Element Modeling for the Mechanical Behavior of Silicon Diaphragms Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

J. Ren[1], M. Ward[1], Peter Kinnell[2], and Russell Cradock[2]

[1]School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
[2]GE Druck Limited, Fir Tree Lane, Leicester, United Kingdom

The silicon diaphragm is one of the most common structures in Micro-Electromechanical Systems (MEMS). However, it is susceptible to creep deformation at elevated temperatures. This paper presents a transient finite element model which simulates the mechanical behavior of the micromachined silicon diaphragms at the temperature of 900 °C. The constitutive equations proposed by Alexander and ...

A Modular Platform for Cell Characterization, Handling, and Sorting by Dielectrophoresis

S. Burgarella[1], B. Dell’Anna[2], V. Perna[1], G. Zarola[2], and S. Merlo[2]

[1]STMicroelectronics, Agrate Brianza, MI, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Elettronica, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Pavia, Italy

Dielectrophoresis (DEP) is a method for cell manipulation without physical contact in lab-on-chip devices, since it exploits the dielectric properties of cells suspended in a microfluidic sample, under the action of locally generated high-gradient electric fields. The DEP platform that has been developed offers an integrated solution for customizable applications. Several functional units, ...

Safe Storage Parameters During CO2 Injection Using Coupled Reservoir-Geomechanical Analysis

T.I. Bjørnarå[1], E. Aker[1], and E. Skurtveit[1]
[1]NGI, Oslo, Norway

Safe short term storage of CO2 depends mainly on structural and solubility trapping. On longer term, mineral trapping is also contributing to the trapping of CO2. To be able to investigate the importance of these different storage mechanisms, a finite element model for simulation of CO2 injection has been developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The model describes and solves for two-phase flow ...

Fatigue Damage Evaluation on Mechanical Components under Multiaxial Loadings

R. Tovo[1] and S. Capetta[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria, Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy

This paper is concerned with the fatigue behavior of complex, three-dimensional, stress concentrations under multiaxial loadings. Starting from the stress field obtained from a linear elastic analysis and taking advantage of the so-called implicit gradient approximation, an effective stress index connected with the material strength is calculated. Besides, this work summarizes a first ...

Fast 2D Simulation of Superconductors: A Multiscale Approach

V.M. Rodriguez-Zermeno[1], M.P. Sørensen[1], N.F. Pedersen[2], N. Mijatovic[2], and A.B. Abrahamsen[3]
[1]DTU Mathematics, Lyngby, Denmark
[2]DTU Electrical Engineering, Lyngby, Denmark
[3]Materials Research Division, Risø, DTU, Roskilde, Denmark

This work presents a method to calculate AC losses in thin conductors such as the commercially available second generation superconducting wires through a multiscale meshing technique. The main idea is to use large aspect ratio elements to accurately simulate thin material layers. For a single thin superconductor, several standard test cases are simulated including transport current, externally ...

Helium Two-Phase Flow in a Thermosiphon Open Loop

B. Baudouy[1] and F. Visentin[1]
[1]CEA, Irfu, SACM, Gif-sur-Yvette, France

The construction of high magnetic field superconducting coils requires the use of low temperature superconductors that must be cooled down to liquid helium temperature (4.2 K). Natural two-phase convection loops, i.e. thermosiphon loop, are used as cooling system for large superconducting magnets mainly because of its passive nature. The study present a thermohydraulics model realized with COMSOL ...

Thickness Optimization of a Piezoelectric Converter for Energy Harvesting

M. Guizzetti[1], V. Ferrari[1], D. Marioli[1], and T. Zawada[2]

[1]Dept. of Electronics for Automation, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy
[2]Meggitt, Ferroperm Piezoceramics A/S, Kvistgaard, Denmark

The conversion of mechanical energy from environmental vibrations into electrical energy is a key point for powering sensor nodes toward the development of autonomous sensor systems. Piezoelectric energy converters realized in a cantilever configuration are the most studied for this purpose. In order to improve the performances of the converter, the geometry has to be properly designed. In this ...

Model of Heat and Mass Transfer with Moving Boundary During Roasting of Meat in Convection-Oven

A.H. Feyissa[1], J. Adler-Nissen[1], and K.V. Gernaey[2]
[1]Food Production Engineering, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
[2]Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

A 2D mathematical model of coupled heat and mass transfer describing oven roasting of meat was formulated from first principles. The current formulation of model equations incorporates the effect of shrinkage phenomena and water holding capacity. The model equations are based on conservation of mass and energy. The pressure driven transport of water in meat is expressed using Darcy’s equation. ...

Calculus of the Elastic Properties of a Beam Cross Section

A. Genoese[1], A. Genoese[1], and G. Garcea[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Modellistica per l'Ingegneria, Università della Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, CS, Italy

Saint-Venant general rod theory is used to calculate the elastic factors of a section through the numerical solution of a system of partial differential equations. The elastic properties so evaluated are used in a geometric nonlinear analysis of 3D beam structures with general cross-section to calculate some important quantities such as the stiffness matrix. Linear solutions, such as the ...

Modeling of a DBD Reactor for the Treatment of VOC

L. Braci[1], S. Ognier[1], and S. Cavadias[1]
[1]Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Plasmas et Traitements de Surfaces, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France

Non-thermal plasma, generated in atmospheric pressure discharges, has been investigated in our laboratory in order to treat highly diluted (300 ppm to 1000 ppm) volatile pollutant. The collision of electrons created in the discharge with atmospheric air, leads to the formation of reactive species that can totally or partially oxidize the pollutants at near ambient temperature. The purpose of the ...

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