Buoyancy Flow of Free Fluids
Application ID: 665
This model couples the Navier Stokes equations and the heat transfer equations to examine density driven flow of free fluids. Here the fluid is in a square cavity with a heated wall. The buoyancy force is a Boussinesq term added to the Navier-Stokes equations. The equation is nondimensionalized, so the material coefficients are set up using Rayleigh and Prandtl numbers.
The parametric solver is used to analyze this problem for increasing Rayleigh number. This is a benchmark problem from G. De Vahl Davis (1983) that has been used to evaluate a number of different hydrodynamic flow codes.
This model example illustrates applications of this type that would nominally be built using the following products:
however, additional products may be required to completely define and model it. Furthermore, this example may also be defined and modeled using components from the following product combinations:
The combination of COMSOL® products required to model your application depends on several factors and may include boundary conditions, material properties, physics interfaces, and part libraries. Particular functionality may be common to several products. To determine the right combination of products for your modeling needs, review the Specification Chart and make use of a free evaluation license. The COMSOL Sales and Support teams are available for answering any questions you may have regarding this.