Helium Two-Phase Flow in a Thermosiphon Open LoopB. Baudouy and F. Visentin
CEA, Irfu, SACM, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
The construction of high magnetic field superconducting coils requires the use of low temperature superconductors that must be cooled down to liquid helium temperature (4.2 K). Natural two-phase convection loops, i.e. thermosiphon loop, are used as cooling system for large superconducting magnets mainly because of its passive nature. The study present a thermohydraulics model realized with COMSOL Multiphysics® of such a loop. The results of the computation are compared with experimental results obtained in a 2 meters high loop.