COMSOL Conference 2014

Heat Transfer and Phase Change

Heat transfer and phase change can play a role in simulating just about everything. The papers, posters, and presentations on this page describe the use of multiphysics simulation for applications that require conduction, convection, and thermal radiation to model thermal-structure interaction and heat transfer.

3D COMSOL Multiphysics® Model of a Plate Heat Exchanger to Support a Laboratory Teaching Environment

N. Medeiros, W. Clark

Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

3D Modelling of Flow Dynamics in Packed Beds of Low Aspect Ratio

F. Alzahrani, F. Aiouache

Engineering Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK

3D Multiphysics Modeling of Bulk High-Temperature Superconductors for Use as Trapped Field Magnets

M. Ainslie, J. Zou, D. Hu, D. Cardwell

Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

A Computational Study on Thermal Conductivity Measurements of High Temperature Liquid Materials

X. Ye, R. W. Hyers

Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering, University of Massachusetts - Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA

A Single Particle Thermal Model for Lithium Ion Batteries

R. Painter1, S. Berryhill1, L. Sharpe2, S. K. Hargrove2

1Department of Civil Engineering, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN, USA
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN, USA

AC Electrothermal Characterization of Doped-Si Heated Microcantilevers Using Frequency-Domain Finite Element Analysis

K. Park1, S. Hamian1, A. M. Gauffreau2, T. Walsh2

1Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
2Department of Mechanical, Industrial & Systems Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA

Analysis of 3D Biocompatible Additive Structure Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

E. Lacatus1, M. A. Sopronyi2, G. C. Alecu1, A. Tudor1

1Polytechnic University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
2INFLPR -National Institute for Laser Plasma and Radiation Physics, Bucharest, Romania

Baffle Design: Tube-in-Shell Electrical Gas Heaters

K. Lund1, S. Lord2

1Kurt Lund Consulting, San Diego, CA, USA
2SML Associates, Encinitas, CA, USA

Biological Effects of Microwave Radiation

S. Kumari, S. Raghavan

National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

COMSOL Multiphysics® Based Identification of Thermal Properties of Mesoporous Silicon by Pulsed Photothermal Method

N. Semmar, I. El Abdouni, A. Melhem

GREMI-UMR7344, CNRS/University of Orléans, Orléans, France

COMSOL Multiphysics® Model of a Solar Dryer

E. C. Santos1, J. H. Sales1, C. Lima2

1Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, BA, Brazil
2Instituto Federal da Bahia, Irecê, BA, Brazil

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of Energy Conversion and Storage Concepts Based on Oxide Crystals

C. Cherkouk1, M. Zschornak1, J. Hanzig1, M. Nentwich1, F. Meutzner1, M. Urena1, T. Leisegang2, D. C. Meyer1

1Institute of Experimental Physics, Technische Universität Bergakademie, Freiberg, Germany
2Fraunhofer-Technologiezentrum, Freiberg, Germany

Calibration of a Geothermal Energy Pile Model

R. Caulk1, J. McCartney2, E. Ghazanfari1

1University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA
2University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA

Comparison of Classic and Finned Piston Reciprocating Linear Air Compressor Using COMSOL Multiphyics®

M. Heidari, P. Barrade, A. Rufer

LEI, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

Computational Modeling of the Impact of Solar Irradiance on Chemical Degradation of Painted Wall Hangings in a Historical Interior

Z. Huijbregts1, A. van Schijndel1, H. Schellen1, K. Keune2, M. Eikema Hommes3,4

1Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
2University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
3Cultural Heritage Agency, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
4Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

Control of Real Distributed Parameter Systems Modeled by COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

C. Belavý, G. Hulkó, S. Lipár, B. Barbolyas

Institute of Automation, Measurement and Applied Informatics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

Convective Cooling of Electronic Components

J. S. Crompton, H. Singh, K. Koppenhoefer

AltaSim Technologies, LLC, Columbus, OH, USA

Delamination of Sub-Crustal Lithosphere

P. Vincent1, E. Humphreys2

1College of Earth, Ocean, & Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
2Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA

Design of an Automated Thermal Cycler for Long-term Phase Change Material Phase Transition Stability Studies

D. Groulx, A. C. Kheirabadi

Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

Effects of Solvers on Finite Element Analysis in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

C. Ravi

Siemens Technology and Services Private Limited, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Embedded Microfluidic/Thermoelectric Generation System for Self-Cooling of Electronic Devices

R. Kiflemariam, H. Fekramandi, C. Lin

Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

Enhanced Transient Modeling of Hybrid Photovoltaic Air (PVT) Module

R. Kiflemariam, M. Almaz, F. Zevallos, C. Lin

Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

Estimativa do Fluxo de Calor em uma Ferramenta de Corte Durante um Processo de Usinagem com o Uso do Software COMSOL Multiphysics® e de Técnicas de Problemas Inversos

R. F. Brito1, S. R. de Carvalho2, S. M. M. de L. e Silva1

1Federal University of Itajubá - UNIFEI, Itabira, Minas Gerais, Brasil
2Federal University of Uberlândia - UFU, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil

Evaluation of the Shutdown Time of Subsea Pipeline for Oil Transportation

D. Maciel, N. Bouchonneau

Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

Extraction of Thermal Characteristics of Surrounding Geological Layers of a Geothermal Heat Exchanger by COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations

N. Aranzabal1, J. Martos1, J. Soret1, J. Torres1, R. García-Olcina1, Á. Montero2

1Technical School of Engineering, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
2Department of Applied Physics, Politechnical University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain

Field Joint Coatings for Deep Sea Pipelines

R. Verhelle1, L. Van Lokeren1, S. Loulidi1, H. Boyd2, G. Van Assche1

1Physical Chemistry & Polymer Science, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
2Heerema Marine Contractors, Leiden, The Netherlands

Finite Element Analysis of Transient Ballistic-Diffusive Heat Transfer in Two-Dimensional Structures

S. Hamian1, T. Yamada2, M. Faghri3, K. Park1

1University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
2Lund University, Lund, Sweden
3University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA

Finite Element Simulations of Pulsed Thermography Applied to Porous Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers

G. Mayr, B. Plank, J. Suchan, G. Hendorfer

University of Applied Sciences, Wels, Austria

Fresh Produce Safety During Hydrocooling: An Engineering Model

A. Warning, A. K. Datta

Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Full System Modeling and Validation of the Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly

R. F. Coker, J. Knox

NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

Generating Simulated Data for Spot Heating/IR Camera Analysis of Coal Slag Surfaces

M. Silva, T. Ring

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA

Heat Conduction in Porous Absorption Layers for Thermography Applications

L. Helmich, A. Huetten

Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany

Heat Drain Device on Ultrasound Imaging Probe

G. Vigna, L. Spicci

Esaote SPA, Florence, Italy

Heat Propagation Improvement in YBCO-Coated Conductors for Superconducting Fault Current Limiters

D. M. Djokic1, L. Antognazza1, M. Abplanalp2, M. Decroux1

1DPMC, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
2ABB Corporate Research Centre, Dättwil, Switzerland

Heat Transfer Modeling of Power Cables in Tunnels

F. Boukrouche, C. Moreau, W. Frelin

EDF R&D, Moret-sur-Loing, France

Heat Transfer and Working Temperature Field of a Photovoltaic Panel under Realistic Environmental Conditions

E. Ruiz-Reina, M. Sidrach-de-Cardona, M. Piliougine

University of Málaga, Málaga, Spain

Heat Transfer in Adsorption Heat Exchangers between Pellets and Fins

E. Laurenz, G. Füldner, L. Schnabel

Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems (ISE), Freiburg, Germany

Heat Transfer in Borehole Heat Exchangers from Laminar to Turbulent Conditions

E. Holzbecher, H. Räuschel

Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Heat Transfer in Crossflow Heat Exchangers for Application with Microreactors

R. Pryor

Pryor Knowledge Systems, Inc., Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA

Impact of Electrode Surface/Volume Ratio on Li-ion Battery Performance

S. Das1, J. Li2, R. Hui1

1University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA
2Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA

Improving Heating Uniformity of Dried Fruit in RF Treatments for Pest Control: Model Development and Validation

B. Alfaifi1, J. Tang2, Y. Jiao2, S. Wang3, B. Rasco2, S. Jiao2, S. Sablani2

1King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA
3Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, China

Inclusive Routine of the Soil Surface Energy Balance in COMSOL Multiphysics®

M. Bortoloni1, M. Bottarelli2, Y. Su3

1Department of Engineering, University of Ferrara, Este, Italy
2Department of Architecture, University of Ferrara, Este, Italy
3Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK

Increasing Heat Transfer in Microchannels with Surface Acoustic Waves

S. Berry

Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Lincoln Laboratory, Lexington, MA, USA

Influence of a Refurbishing on an Old Residential Building’s Wall in Paris in Summer: Mass and Heat Transfer Approach

K. Azos-Diaz1, B. Tremeac2, F. Simon2, D. Corgier2, C. Marvillet1

1Laboratoire de Chimie Moléculaire, Génie des Procédés Chimique et Energétique, Paris, France
2MANASLU Ing., Savoie Technolac, Le Bourget du Lac, France

Influência das Condições Ambientais Sobre a Umidade e Temperatura em Bobinas de Cartão

I. Neitzel, R. C. F. do Nascimento, C. C. Bueno

Faculdade de Telêmaco Borba - FATEB, Telêmaco Borba, Paraná, Brasil

Investigation of Mean-Flow Effects on Tubular Combustion Chamber Thermoacoustics Using a Burner Transfer Matrix Approach

A. Andreini, B. Facchini, A. Innocenti, D. Pampaloni

University of Florence, Florence, Italy

Large and High Power Cylindrical Batteries - Analysis of the Battery Pack Temperature Distributions Using the COMSOL Multiphysics® and MATLAB® Simulation Softwares

O. Capron1, A. Samba1, N. Omar1, H. Gualous2, P. Van den Bossche1, J. Van Mierlo1

1MOBI - Mobility, Logistics and Automotive Technology Research Centre, VUB - Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
2Laboratoire LUSAC, Université de Caen Basse Normandie, Cherbourg-Octeville, France

MEMS Pirani Sensor for Pressure Measurements in the Fine- and High-Vacuum Range

M. Grau1, F. Völklein1, A. Meier1, C. Kunz1, P. Woias2

1RheinMain University of Applied Sciences, Institute for Microtechnologies, Rüsselsheim, Germany
2University of Freiburg, Department of Microsystems Engineering, Freiburg, Germany

Mathematical Model of Vacuum Foam Drying

M. Sramek1, J. Weiss2, R. Kohlus1

1Department of Food Processing Engineering, Institute of Food Science and Biotechnology, Hohenheim University, Stuttgart, Germany
2Department of Meat Science and Food Physics, Institute of Food Science and Biotechnology, Hohenheim University, Stuttgart, Germany

Micromechanical Design of Novel Thermal Composites for Temperature Dependent Thermal Conductivity

R. C. Thiagarajan,

ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt. Ltd., Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Modeling Flow and Deformation During Salt-Assisted Puffing of Single Rice Kernels

T. Gulati, A. K. Datta

Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Modeling Integrated Thermoelectric Generator-Photovoltaic Thermal (TEG-PVT) System

R. Kiflemariam, M. Almas, C. Lin

Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

Modeling Self-Potential Effects during Reservoir Stimulation in Enhanced Geothermal System

G. Perillo1, A. Monetti2, A. Troiano2, M. G. Di Giuseppe2, C. Troise2, G. De Natale2

1University of Naples Parthenope, Naples, Italy
2INGV-Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy

Modeling an Adsorption Process in a Shell-and-Tube-Heat-Exchanger-Type Adsorber

G. Salazar Duarte1, B. Schürer1, C. Voss1, D. Bathen2

1Linde AG, Munich, Germany
2Universität Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany

Modeling of Arc Welding Power Source

E. S. Tschoepke, J. A. E. Mazzaferro, G. Paz

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

Modeling of a Counter Flow Plate Fin Heat Exchanger

R. Jia1, J. Hu1, X. Xiong2

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA
2Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA

Modelling of the Dynamical Fluorescent Micro-Thermal Imaging Experiment on the Heat Diffusion in the La5Ca9Cu24O41 Spin Ladder Compound

E. Khadikova1, F. de Haan1, P. H. M. van Loosdrecht2

1Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
2Department of Physics, University of Cologne, Köln, Germany

Multiphase Porous Media Model for Microwave Drying Spherical Potatoes

H. Zhu1, T. Gulati2, K. Huang1, A.K. Datta2

1Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
2Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Multiphysics Modeling of a Grain Storage Chamber

P. Guha, P. Sharma, V. Malhotra, S. Mishra

CSIR - Central Scientific Instruments Organisation, Chandigarh, India

Multiphysics Study into Compression Rings, Coated Against Uncoated

M. Dickinson[1,2], N. Renevier , J. Calderbank[2,3]

1The Jost Institute, School of Computing, Engineering & Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
2Racing to Research Team, School of Computing, Engineering & Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
3School of Computing, Engineering & Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK

Numerical Analysis of the Self-Heating Behaviour of Coal Dust Accumulations

D.Wu, E. Van den Bulck

Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Mechanical Engineering, KU Leuven, Belgium

Numerical Investigation of Heat Transfer of Aluminum Metal Foam Subjected to Pulsating Flow

A. Bayomy, M. Z. Saghir

Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

Numerical Modeling of the Original and Advanced TEMKIN Reactor for Catalysis Experiments in Laboratory Scale

D. Götz, M. Kuhn, P. Claus

Ernst-Berl-Institute/Chemical Technology II, Darmstadt, Germany

Numerical Prediction of Weld Bead Geometry in Plasma Arc Welding of Titanium Sheets

V. Dhinakaran, S. Khope, N. S. Shanmugam , K. Sankaranarayanasamy

National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

Numerical Simulation of Chamber Design for Pulsed Electric Fields Processing of Wet Olive Pomace

N. Varga1, I. Perales2, A. Portugal2

1ATEKNEA Solutions Hungary, Budapest, Hungary
2ATEKNEA Solutions Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain

Numerical Simulation of Thermal Runaway in a THz GaAs Photoconductor

S. Sarodia1,2, W. Zhang2, E. Brown2

1Centerville High School, Dayton, OH, USA
2Wright State University, Dayton, OH, USA

Numerical Simulation of the Heat, Mass, and Momentum Transfer During the Microwave Drying of Osmodehydrated Porous Material

J. R. Arballo[1, 2], L. A. Campañone[1, 2], R. H. Mascheroni[1, 2]

1Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP), La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina
2Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Criotecnología de Alimentos (CIDCA), La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Numerical Study of Smoldering Combustion of Activated Carbon in Ⅱ Iodine Absorber

T. Liang, M. Liu, X. Liu, Z. Meng

Safety Engineering, Zheng Zhou University, Zheng Zhou, Henan, China

Passive Indirect Evaporative Cooler

F. F. Dall'Agnol, A. Pavani

Center for Information Technology Renato Archer, Campinas, SP, Brazil

Passive Thermal Control for Window Insulation

E. Konroyd-Bolden, Dr. Z. Liao

Department of Architectural Science, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

Phase-field Modeling of Widmanstätten Ferrite Formation During Austenite to Ferrite Transformation in Fe-C Alloy

L. Zhang, Y. Shen

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

Short-Term Behavior and Steady-State Value of BHE Thermal Resistance

S. Lazzari1, A. Priarone2,

1DIN, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
2DIME-TEC, University of Genova, Genova, Italy

Simulating Wear in Disc Brakes

N. H. Elabbasi, M. J. Hancock, S. B. Brown

Veryst Engineering, LLC., Needham, MA, USA

Simulation and Experimental Validation of Direct Heating of Dhruva Fuel Rod for β Heat Treatment

B. Patidar, A. P. Tiwari, V. Patidar, M. M. Hussain, K. K. Abdulla

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashatra, India

Simulation of Cascaded Thermoelectric Devices for Cryogenic Medical Treatment

P. Aliabadi, S. Mahmoud, R. K. AL-Dadah

Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK

Simulation of Helmholtz Resonators for Optical Gas Sensing: Comparison Between Pressure Acoustics and Thermoacoustics

B. Parvitte, C. Risser, R. Vallon, V. Zéninari

Université de Reims, Reims, France

Simulation of the Temperature Profile During Welding with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Using Rosenthal's Approach

A. Lecoanet, D. G. Ivey, H. Henein

Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

Simulations of Heat and Mass Transport During Biomass Conversion Processes Using 3D Biomass Particle Models with Realistic Morphology and Resolved Microstructure

P. Ciesielski1, M. Crowley1, L. Thompson1, B. Donohoe1, D. Robichaud2, A. Sanders3, M. Nimlos2, T. Foust2

1Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
2National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
3Quantum Electronics & Photonics Division, National Institute of Standards & Technology, Boulder, CO, USA

Simulação Fluidodinâmica de um Digestor Contínuo

R. Kreczkiuski, I. Neitzel

Faculdade de Telêmaco Borba - FATEB, Telêmaco Borba, Paraná, Brasil

Strong Localization and Rapid Time Scales of Superheating in Solid-State Nanopores

E. Levine1, G. Nagashima1, D. Hoogerheide1, M. Burns2, J. Golovchenko1

1Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
2Rowland Institute at Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA

Study of Supercritical Coal Fired Power Plant Dynamic Responses for Grid Code Compliance

A. Gil-Garcia, I. Kings, B. Al-Duri

University of Birmingham, School of Chemical Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK

Study of the Process, Design, and Operating Parameters Effect on the Efficiency of the Process Mill

A. K. Farouk

Department of Mathematics & Natural Science, University of Stavanger, Sandnes, Rogaland, Norway

The Hygro-Thermal Improvement of a Mounting System to Fasten Roof Workmen to Flat Roofs

H. L. Schellen

Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Thermal Analysis of Additive Manufacturing

S. Yushanov, J. S. Crompton, K. C. Koppenhoefer

AltaSim Technologies, LLC., Columbus, OH, USA

Thermal Field in a NMR Cryostat

A. D'Orazio, C. Agostini, S. Fiacco

Dipartimento di Ingegneria Astronautica, Elettrica ed Energetica - Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Thermal Modeling in a Historical Building - Improving Thermal Comfort Through the Siting of a Passive Mass of Phase Change Material

D. Groulx, F. Herbinger, L. Desgrosseilliers

Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

Thermal Natural Convection Simulations with COMSOL Multiphysics® in Comparison with Measurements

H. van Halewijn

Fontys University of Applied Physics, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Thermal Simulation of FCBGA Package with Heat Sink

M. R. Naik

Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Thermal Study of Valve Regulated Lead Acid Batteries and Electronics Chamber Used in Stand-Alone Street Lighting Applications

D. Groulx, J. Skaalum, T. Jamieson

Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

Thermomechanical Effects of the Packaging Molding Process on the Chip in Integrated Circuits

N. Semmar1, M. Fournier1, P. S. Alleaume 2, A. Seigneurin 3, , ,

1GREMI-UMR7344, CNRS/University of Orléans, Orléans, France
2Collegium Sciences et Techniques, Orléans, France
3ST Microelectronics Tours SAS, Tours, France

Three-Dimensional Thermal Modeling of Temperature Variation in Concrete Box-Girders Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

S. Abid[1,2], N. Tayşi, M. Özakça

1Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey
2Wasit University, Kut, Iraq

Use of COMSOL Multiphysics® for IAQ Monitoring in Cleanrooms

G. Petrone1, C. Balocco2

1BE CAE & Test, Catania, Italy
2Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Firenze, Firenze, Italy

Verification of the Numerical Simulation of Permafrost Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

E. Dagher, G. Su, T. S. Nguyen

Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Virtual Pharmacokinetic Model of the Human Eye

L. Murtomäki1, S. Kotha2

1Aalto University, Greater Helsinki, Finland
2University Of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

稳态磁场对激光熔凝熔池的抑制作用研究

王梁, 胡勇

浙江工业大学,杭州,浙江,中国


ISBN: 978-0-9910001-8-0
ISSN: 2372-2215