Multilayered Porous Material: Poroelastic Waves with Thermal and Viscous Losses (Biot-Allard Model)

Application ID: 34531


In applications where pressure and elastic waves propagate in porous materials filled with air, both thermal and viscous losses are important. This is typically the case in insulation materials for rooms, lining materials in car cabins, or foams used in headsets and speakers. Another example is porous material in mufflers in the automotive industry.

In many cases, these materials can be modeled using the Poroacoustics material model (equivalent fluid model, only solving for the pressure) implemented in the Pressure Acoustics interface. Yet, the Poroacoustics model does not capture all of the effects and sometimes it is necessary to also include elastic waves in the porous matrix, solving a full poroelastic waves problem.

This is covered by the Poroelastic Waves interface, where the Biot-Allard model can be selected. This model includes the aforementioned viscous and thermal losses.

This model example illustrates applications of this type that would nominally be built using the following products: