Transfer Impedance of a Perforate
Application ID: 12585
Perforates are plates with a distribution of small perforations or holes. They are used in muffler systems, sound absorbing panels, and in many other places as liners, where it is important to control attenuation precisely. As the perforations become smaller and smaller, viscous and thermal losses become more important. The attenuation behavior, which is also frequency dependent, can be controlled by selecting the perforate size and distribution in a plate.
While perforates have been theoretically studied for many years, analytical or semianalytical models can only be applied for simple geometries. A numerical approach is necessary for systems where the holes have various cross sections, if the perforations are tapered, or if the distribution of holes is uneven.
In this tutorial model, the effects are modeled in detail using the Thermoviscous Acoustics, Frequency Domain interface. While nonlinear loss mechanisms occur at high sound levels or in the presence of a flow (through or over the perforate), only the linear effects due to viscosity and thermal conduction are studied in this tutorial model. The transfer impedance, surface normal impedance, and attenuation coefficient of the system are determined.
The transfer impedance is compared to a semianalytical model. You can apply the transfer impedance that is calculated in this detailed model to a larger system simulation using the interior impedance condition that exists in the Pressure Acoustics, Frequency Domain interface.
This model example illustrates applications of this type that would nominally be built using the following products:
however, additional products may be required to completely define and model it. Furthermore, this example may also be defined and modeled using components from the following product combinations:
The combination of COMSOL® products required to model your application depends on several factors and may include boundary conditions, material properties, physics interfaces, and part libraries. Particular functionality may be common to several products. To determine the right combination of products for your modeling needs, review the Specification Chart and make use of a free evaluation license. The COMSOL Sales and Support teams are available for answering any questions you may have regarding this.