Ultrasonic Flow Meter with Piezoelectric Transducers: Coupling between FEM and DG
Application ID: 47741
Ultrasonic flow meters determine the velocity of a fluid flowing through a pipe by sending an ultrasonic signal across the flow at a skew angle. When there is no flow, the transmitting time between the transmitter and the receiver is the same for the signals sent in the upstream and downstream directions. Otherwise, the wave traveling downstream moves faster than the one traveling upstream, which can be used to ascertain the flow. In many cases, piezoelectric transducers are used to send and receive the ultrasonic wave.
This tutorial model shows how to simulate an ultrasonic flow meter with piezoelectric transducers in the simplified no-flow case. The finite element method (FEM) is used to model the piezoelectric transducers, whereas the modeling of the ultrasonic wave propagation is based on the discontinuous Galerkin (dG) method. The whole model is split into two submodels. An FEM to dG one-way coupling is used to send the wave from the transmitter, while a dG to FEM one-way coupling is used to simulate the receiver.
This model example illustrates applications of this type that would nominally be built using the following products:
however, additional products may be required to completely define and model it. Furthermore, this example may also be defined and modeled using components from the following product combinations:
The combination of COMSOL® products required to model your application depends on several factors and may include boundary conditions, material properties, physics interfaces, and part libraries. Particular functionality may be common to several products. To determine the right combination of products for your modeling needs, review the Specification Chart and make use of a free evaluation license. The COMSOL Sales and Support teams are available for answering any questions you may have regarding this.