The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

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Magnetic Lens

A scanning electron microscope samples images by scanning a target with a high-energy beam of electrons. The subsequent electron interactions produce signals such as secondary and back-scattered electrons that contain information about the sample surface topography. Electromagnetic lenses are used to focus this electron beam down to a spot about 10 nm wide on the sample surface. This model ...

Modeling a Spiral Inductor Coil

Spiral inductor coils are attractive because they can be integrated easily while electroplating other printed circuits and provide robust inductance values. Models of such spiral inductors can become quite large as the number of turns increases. This example demonstrates how to exploit the near-symmetry of the structure to greatly reduce the model size. An eight-turn octagonal spiral coil is ...

Dielectric Shielding Comparison

The dielectric shielding boundary condition is meant to approximate a thin layer of material with high relative permittivity compared to its surroundings. This boundary condition is available for electrostatic field modeling. This example compares the dielectric shielding boundary condition to a full-fidelity model and discusses the range of applicability of this boundary condition.

Induction Motor in 2D

This is an example of a model of an induction motor in which the eddy currents are induced in the rotor by the time harmonic currents on the stator windings and the rotation of the rotor. In this example, we analyze the induction motor in 2D using the transient solver in the *Rotating Machinery, Magnetic* interface. We also investigate the motor’s start-up dynamics by coupling the ...

Electromagnetic Plunger

This is a transient model of an electromagnetic plunger consisting of a magnetic core, nonmagnetic guider, multi-turn coil, and magnetic plunger attached to the spring and damper at the far end. The electromagnetic force on the plunger due to the transient current in the coil is calculated using the Maxwell stress tensor method in *Magnetic Fields* physics. The electromagnetic force is then ...

Induction Currents from Circular Coils

A time-varying current induces a time-varying magnetic field. The magnetic field induces currents in neighboring conductors. The induced currents are called eddy currents. In this model, the phenomenon is illustrated by a time-harmonic field simulation as well as a transient analysis, where the eddy currents resulting from the source being switched on are studied. Two current-carrying coils ...

Eddy Currents in a Cylinder

The eddy currents in a conductive cylinder, generated from currents passing through a surrounding coil, are studied. The skin effect in the coil is also studied.

Induction Heating of a Steel Billet

Induction heating is a method used to heat metals for forging and other applications. Compared with more traditional heating methods, such as gas or electric furnaces, induction heating delivers heating power directly to the piece in a more controlled way and allows for a faster processing time. The Induction Heating of a Steel Billet application can be used to design a simple induction heating ...

Generator in 3D

This model is a static 3D simulation of a generator having a rotor with permanent magnets. The center of the rotor consists of annealed medium carbon steel, which is a nonlinear ferromagnetic material that is saturated at high magnetic flux densities. The core is surrounded by several blocks of a permanent magnet made of samarium and cobalt, creating a strong magnetic field. The stator is made ...

Magnet Falling Through Copper Tube

A cylindrical magnet falling through a copper tube induces eddy currents on the tube walls, which in turn, create a magnetic field that opposes the magnetic field of the magnet and induces a braking force that opposes the motion of the magnet. This model computes the velocity of the magnet after it is dropped, as it reaches its terminal velocity at which the magnetic braking force equals the ...