The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

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Characteristic Parameters of a Coaxial Cable

Electrical cables, also called transmission lines, are used everywhere in the modern world to transmit both power and data. These cables carry electromagnetic energy, but instead of dealing with the full complexity of the electromagnetic fields, they are more commonly classified according to parameters such as capacitance, inductance, and impedance. In this model of a coaxial cable, we ...

Iron Sphere in a 60 Hz Magnetic Field

An iron sphere is exposed to a spatially uniform, sinusoidally time-varying, background magnetic field. The frequency of the field is low enough such that the skin depth is larger than the radius of the sphere. A reduced field formulation is used to impose the background field. Two approaches for solving this problem are shown. The induced currents in the sphere and the perturbation to the ...

Relativistic Diverging Electron Beam

When modeling the propagation of charged particle beams at high currents and relativistic speeds, the space charge and beam current create significant electric and magnetic forces that tend to expand and focus the beam, respectively. The *Charged Particle Tracing* interface uses an iterative procedure, in this example, to efficiently compute the strongly coupled particle trajectories and ...

Contact Impedance Comparison

The contact impedance boundary condition is meant to approximate a thin layer of material that impedes the flow of current normal to the boundary, but does not introduce any additional conduction path tangential to the boundary. This example compares the contact impedance boundary condition to a full-fidelity model and discusses the range of applicability of this boundary condition.

Linear Magnetic Gear

In this model, a linear magnetic gear system with a gear ratio of 11:4 is modeled. The liner magnetic gear is assumed to be infinitely long with the modular structure that is repeating on either side. Only a single modular section is modeled by using the customized linear periodic boundary condition. Both the low speed and the high speed armatures (rotors) consist of permanent magnets and back ...

Iron Sphere in a 13.56 MHz Magnetic Field

An iron sphere is exposed to a spatially uniform, sinusoidally time-varying, background magnetic field. The frequency of the field is so high that the skin depth in the sphere is much smaller than the radius. At such high frequencies it is possible to model only the fields and induced currents on the surface of the sphere, thus avoiding the need for solving for the fields within the volume of ...

Thin Low Permittivity Gap Comparison

The thin low permittivity gap boundary condition is meant to approximate a thin layer of material with low relative permittivity compared to its surroundings. This boundary condition is available for electrostatic field modeling. This example compares the thin low permittivity gap boundary condition to a full-fidelity model and discusses the range of applicability of this boundary condition.

Magnetotellurics

Magnetotellurics is a method for estimating the resistivity profile of the Earth's subsurface using the natural electromagnetic source provided by the ionosphere. This model was defined by Zhdanov et al. in a study published in 1997. In this article, various scientific groups compared software performance on the same models. This is the model called COMMEMI-3D-2, which has become one of the ...

Axial Homopolar Induction Bearing in 3D

This model illustrates the working principle of an axial homopolar induction bearing. An electrically conducting rotor rotating in a magnetic field produced by a permanent magnets induces eddy currents on the conducting rotor. The eddy currents, in turn, produce a magnetic field that opposes the magnetic fields by the magnets and induces a force that opposes the motion of the rotor. The axial ...

Three Phase Induction Motor: TEAM Workshop Problem 30

This is a three phase induction motor model from the [Transient Electromagnetic Analysis Method (TEAM) workshop problem 30](http://www.compumag.org/jsite/images/stories/TEAM/problem30a.pdf). The electromagnetic torque, induced voltage, and rotor losses computed from COMSOL model at various rotor speed are compared to the results from TEAM workshop problem 30. The *Magnetic Fields* physics is ...