The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use tutorial models and demo apps with step-by-step instructions for how to create them yourself. The examples in the gallery serve as a great starting point for your own simulation work.

Use the Quick Search to find tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise. Log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the MPH-files.


Maxwell-Stefan Diffusion in a Fuel Cell Unit Cell

In concentrated gases and liquids, where the concentrations of species are of the same order of magnitude, there is no obvious solvent-solute relationship. Fick’s law for diffusion accounts only for one-way solute-solvent interactions whereas the Maxwell-Stefan equations account for all interactions of species in a solution. In a system with three components, three pair-wise interactions are ...

Steam Reformer

In fuel cell power generators, a steam reformer unit typically produces the hydrogen needed for the cell stack. This example illustrates the modeling of a steam reformer. The reformation chemistry occurs in a porous catalytic bed where energy is supplied through heating tubes to drive the endothermal reaction system. The reactor is enclosed in an insulating jacket. The tightly coupled ...

Hydrodealkylation in a Membrane Reactor

This application demonstrates how you can access and include external thermodynamic and physical property calculations in your simulation, using the Thermodynamics feature. The example shows how you can easily modify the predefined Plug-flow reactor type in the Reaction Engineering interface to set up a membrane reactor model. At high temperatures and pressures, and in the presence of ...

Semibatch Polymerization

As reactant monomer converts into polymer chains, the density of the reacting mixture often changes notably. In this example you will look at how this effect impacts the total production of polymer in a process. The liquid phase polymerization takes place in a semibatch reactor, where two operating conditions are compared. In the first scenario, the feed of monomer to the reactor is turned off ...

Isothermal HI Reactor

For a perfectly mixed reactor with a predefined constant temperature, the reacting system’s energy balance is not needed to describe the system behavior. The behavior is defined as the composition and the production or consumption of species over time. Furthermore, because the reactor is perfectly mixed, the Reaction Engineering interface can also set up a model even though it has no information ...

Optimization of a Catalytic Microreactor

In this application, a solution is pumped through a catalytic bed where a solute species reacts as it gets in contact with the catalyst. The purpose of this example is to maximize the total reaction rate for a given total pressure difference across the bed by finding an optimal catalyst distribution. The distribution of the porous catalyst determines the total reaction rate in the bed. A large ...

Polymerization in Multijet Tubular Reactor

In a polymerization reactor for polyester manufacturing, the mixing in the reactor is achieved by impinging turbulent jets of reactants onto each other. The turbulence affects the reaction kinetics and quality of the polymer linkage. Turbulent flows involving rapid reaction kinetics are quite common in the production of polymers, and the complex interplay between fluid dynamics and fast ...

Heterogeneous Model of a Porous Catalyst

A catalyst particle with a hypothetical microstructure is described in detail. The heterogeneous description is approximated in a second model with a homogeneous particle and the results from the two approaches are compared. See: https://www.comsol.se/blogs/modeling-approaches-in-heterogeneous-catalysis/

Ibuprofen Synthesis

Kinetic analysis of catalytic reactions is essential for understanding rate behavior as well as the reaction mechanism. Developing knowledge of intrinsic reaction kinetics and of rate equations is central to reaction engineering studies aimed at improving reactor design. This model illustrates the reaction kinetics of a complex chemistry occurring in a perfectly stirred tank reactor. The ...

Stefan Tube

This example illustrates the use of the Maxwell-Stefan diffusion model available with the Transport of Concentrated Species interface. It models multicomponent gas-phase diffusion in a Stefan tube in 1D. In this case, it is a liquid mixture of acetone and methanol that evaporates into air. The concentration profiles are modeled at steady-state and validated against experimental data by Taylor ...