The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

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Kirsch Infinite Plate Problem

This model describes a static stress analysis to obtain the stress distribution in the vicinity of a small hole in an infinite plate. The model is a classic benchmark and is described in Mechanics of Material, by D. Roylance. The stress level is then compared with the theoretical values.

MEMS Pressure Sensor Drift due to Hygroscopic Swelling

Modern integrated circuits are available as plastic encapsulated microcircuits (PEM). These devices are molded out of polymeric materials and epoxy resins in order to protect the internal semiconductors. Unfortunately, polymeric mold compounds absorb moisture when exposed to a humid environment, thus swelling and causing undesired strains, which can be as high as thermal strains. This ...

Assembly with a Hinge

In mechanical assemblies, parts are sometimes connected so that they are free to move relative to each other in one or more degrees of freedom. Examples of such connections are ball joints, hinges, and different types of bearings. If the details of the connection are not the subjects of the analysis, it is often possible to model the connection using the Rigid Connector feature in COMSOL ...

Fuel Cell Bipolar Plate

A fuel cell stack operates at temperatures just below 100 °C, which means that it has to be heated at start-up. The fuel cell stack consists of unit cell of anode, membrane, and cathode connected in series through bipolar plates. This study presents a model that couples the thermal and structural deformations in a fuel cell bipolar plate. The magnitude and position of the thermal stresses ...

Contact Analysis of a Snap Hook Using a Penalty Formulation

This example simulates the insertion of a snap hook in its groove. Here, the purpose of the contact modeling is only to transmit correct contact forces in a global sense into the model, which is a situation well suited for using the penalty method. This contact algorithm is based on the penalty factor formulation related to the penetration of the solid parts in contact. In some cases, this ...

Fundamental Eigenfrequency of a Rotating Blade

High rotational speed in rotating machineries can result in centrifugal forces of considerable magnitude. The forces induced by the rotation give rise to two counteracting effects: stress-stiffening and spin-softening (or centrifugal softening). The former is caused by the stationary stress field created by the centrifugal force and acts to increase the stiffness of the body, and so increase its ...

Pinched Hemispherical Shell

This example studies the deformation of a hemispherical shell, where the loads cause significant geometric nonlinearity. The maximum deflections are more than two magnitudes larger than the thickness of the shell. The problem is a standard benchmark, used for testing shell formulations in a case which contains membrane and bending action, as well as large rigid body rotation.

Interference Fit Connection in a Mountain Bike Fork

Interference fit is a technique used to join two pipes with each other. One pipe that is larger than the available space is cooled down. Once shrunk it is fitted into the available space of a larger pipe that in turn expands. At the interface a contact pressure builds up that determines the strength of the connection. This type of connection is simulated in a model of a mountain bike fork where ...

Generalized Kelvin Viscoelastic Material

The behavior of viscoelastic materials can be represented by conceptual models composed of elastic and viscous elements connected in series or in parallel. The rheology of the generalized Kelvin model (also called generalized Kelvin-Voigt model) consists of an elastic spring to represent the instantaneous stiffness plus n Kelvin-Voigt branches connected in series. This example shows how to ...

Vibration of a Squeezed Plate

This model illustrates how to perform a frequency response analysis in a contact problem. A circular plate is squeezed between two other plates. The peak of a frequency response analysis is compared with the natural frequency of an ideal case, that is an annular plate clamped at the inner radius. The sequence, solving the two problems and comparing the results, is automatized using a model ...