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Characterization of a 3D Photonic Crystal Structure Using Port and S-Parameter Analysis

M. Dong[1], M. Tomes[1], M. Eichenfield[2], M. Jarrahi[1], T. Carmon[1]
[1]University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
[2]Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA

We present a 3D port sweep method in a lossy silicon photonic crystal resonator to demonstrate the capabilities of COMSOL Multiphysics® for frequency domain analysis with input and output ports. This method benefits from the advantages of the S-parameter analysis to characterize the input and output coupling into the resonator. By pumping one end of the cavity with a CW plane wave, we are able to extract the total reflection and transmission coefficients through our cavity, the band gap edges of the photonic crystal, and the quality factor of the resonance. We also sweep the lattice constants and reflector periods of the photonic crystal to optimize our coupling into the cavity, achieving critical coupling.