Simulation Studies on Stress Generation and Volume Expansion due to Electrochemical Lithium Insertion in a Silicon Nanowire

G. Sikha, and J. Gordon
Applied Materials, Inc.
Santa Clara, CA

Silicon electrodes are presently being pursued as the potential negative electrode for lithium-ion batteries owing to its high gravimetric (mAh/g) and volumetric capacity (mAh/L) compared to the existing state of the art graphite electrode. Recent experimental studies have demonstrated the use of nano size Si electrodes which minimizes insertion induced stresses due to facile strain relaxation.

In this talk, the results from a transient two-dimensional numerical model which simulates the lithium insertion process in a cylindrical Si NW anchored to a current collector substrate will be presented.