An Analysis of Heat Conduction with Change of Phase with Application to the Solidification of Copper
J. Michalski, and E. Gutirrez-Miravete
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, US
The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of using the finite element in COMSOL Multiphysics program to obtain a high accuracy solution to a moving boundary problem, specifically, the solidification of copper. A one-dimensional geometry in Cartesian coordinates was used to investigate the solidification of initially liquid copper from a chilled wall maintained at fixed temperature. ...
Importance of Assembly Discontinuity Factors In Simulating Reactor Cores Containing Highly Heterogeneous Fuel Assemblies
Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Mississuaga, Ontario, Canada
To assess the importance of assembly discontinuity factors (ADF), a highly heterogeneous reactor core was simulated using a COMSOL model in which ADF are not used. The resulting errors in assembly powers were found to be unacceptably high. This indicates that for highly heterogeneous cores such as one with MOX and LEU fuel assemblies, the use of techniques that counter the effect of ...
J.J. Dubowski, and D.Carrier
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Université de Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada
We present a Finite Element Method simulation procedure that allows rapid development of prototype devices comprising novel self-referenced interference SPR (surface plasmon resonance) biosensing microstructures. The procedure takes advantage of COMSOL Multiphysics and MATLAB software and their bi-directional link. The simulation is made using COMSOL RF Module, 2D harmonic propagation ...
V. Babbar, and T. Krause
Department of Physics, Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Transient eddy current (TEC) technique is being developed for detection of flaws located at depth within multilayer aluminum structures. The present work involves finite element modeling using COMSOL Multiphysics software to simulate different types of probes by changing some of these parameters in an attempt to generate an output signal of optimum magnitude and shape. Some of the model results ...
TM Wave Propagation in Optical Nanostructures with a Third-Order Nonlinear Response: Modeling and Validation with COMSOL
A. Kildishev, E. E. Narimanov
Birck Nanotechnology Center, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
An enhanced method is used for analysis of third-order nonlinearities in optical nanostructures with scalar TM (H-field) frequency domain formulation. After embedding it in COMSOL Multiphysics it is shown to produce fast and accurate results without superfluous vector E-field formalism. A standard TM representation based on cubic non-linear susceptibility χ(3) results in an intractable ...
Calculation of the Magnetic Field Intensity in a Rectangular Conductor Carrying Current in Electromagnetism Introductory Courses
J.C. Olivares-Galvan, I. Hernandez , P.S. Georgilakis, and L.E. Campero
Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Azcapotzalco, Mexico, D.F.
Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Unidad Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece
This paper describes a type of didactic material used when teaching electromagnetism. The purpose is to guide the students to verify the results of a Finite Element (FE) simulation using those obtained analytically. This procedure has shown to be of great help during their learning of the FE method. The example in this paper uses a 2D analytical method to estimate the magnetic field generated by ...
Z. Qin, Y. Zeng, and D.W. Shoesmith
The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
Models that describe hydrogen permeation through a thin TiO2 film deposited on Pd have been developed based on a mass-balance equation consisting of diffusion, reversible hydrogen absorption/desorption, and irreversible hydrogen trapping. These models are solved by the finite element method using COMSOL Multiphysics. By comparing model simulations with experimental permeation curves, values of ...
B. L. Crossley, M. Kossler, P.J. Collins, R. A. Coutu Jr., and L. A. Starman
Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, USA
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been proven experimentally to be well suited for field emission applications. An optimized triode configured CNT field emission array is developed using the COMSOL Multiphysics Electrostatics Application to adjust five key physical dimensions to investigate the effects on the enhanced electric field at the CNT emitter tips. The five dimensions studied are CNT ...
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
A comparison of the commercial code COMSOL is performed with the bench-mark solutions provided by the literature for a tall, differentially heated rectangular cavity for aspect ratios of 8, 15, 20, and 33. At small Rayleigh numbers the flow is dominated by conduction. As the Rayleigh number is increased the flow becomes unstable, first resulting in multicellular secondary flow patterns, and then ...
Boundary conditions in multiphase, porous media, transport models of thermal processes with rapid evaporation
A. Datta, and A. Halder
Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
In modeling of thermal processing of biological materials with rapid evaporation, it is critical to provide boundary conditions consistent with the phenomena happening at the surface to accurately predict spatial temperature and moisture content for quality and safety assurance. Boundary conditions in a mathematical model are as important as governing equations itself and describe how the heat ...