P. Masson, and R. Meinke
Advanced Magnet Lab, Palm Bay, Florida, USA
Superconductors have the unique capability of trapping magnetic flux. This feature has the potential to enable and improve several applications including high power density rotating machines. Current material used as trapped flux magnets (TFM) is single domain YBCO that present numerous limitations interms of performance, stability and size. One way to overcome the limitations is to use thin ...
B. L. Crossley, M. Kossler, P.J. Collins, R. A. Coutu Jr., and L. A. Starman
Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, USA
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been proven experimentally to be well suited for field emission applications. An optimized triode configured CNT field emission array is developed using the COMSOL Multiphysics Electrostatics Application to adjust five key physical dimensions to investigate the effects on the enhanced electric field at the CNT emitter tips. The five dimensions studied are CNT ...
P. Zheng[1,4], D.W. Greve[2,4], and I.J. Oppenheim[3,4]
Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Surface acoustic wave gas sensors use a chemically sensitive resistive layer to detect gas concentration. The resistivity of the sensing material, the sensing layer thickness, and the spacer layer thickness all affect the surface wave propagation velocity. Existing analytic theory relates the change in velocity to various parameters. However some variables in this theory are not ...
M. V. Kisin, R. G. W. Brown, and H. S. El-Ghoroury
Ostendo Technologies, Inc., Carlsbad, CA, USA
We present a modeling software package developed at Ostendo Technologies for analysis and design of semiconductor laser and light-emitting diodes. The current database of material parameters supports complete group of III-Nitride alloys used in visible spectrum applications and can be readily extended to all III-V compounds. Self-consistent multi-band quantum-mechanical model for carrier energy ...
TEL US Holdings, Inc., Technology Development Center, Albany, New York, USA
In this presentation we are dealing with the computational fluid model of a Filament Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition (FACVD) reactor. Proposed strategy in this study involved several steps: (a) development a computational model for FACVD process capable to describe and obtain with reasonable accuracy all relevant phenomena occurring in the reaction chamber; (b) validation the computational ...
K. Song, and H. Knickle
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Kingston Rhode Island, USA
In this paper we present a study of the time dependent analysis of a metal hydride bed (MHB) which provides constant flow to a fuel cell at required power loading and pressure. The hydrogen gas phase pressure, the hydrogen concentration in the metal hydride and the hydrogen desorption rate are consider as key variables in this study. Both the space scale and time scale analysis are performed. ...
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
A comparison of the commercial code COMSOL is performed with the bench-mark solutions provided by the literature for a tall, differentially heated rectangular cavity for aspect ratios of 8, 15, 20, and 33. At small Rayleigh numbers the flow is dominated by conduction. As the Rayleigh number is increased the flow becomes unstable, first resulting in multicellular secondary flow patterns, and then ...
An Analysis of Heat Conduction with Change of Phase with Application to the Solidification of Copper
J. Michalski, and E. Gutirrez-Miravete
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, US
The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of using the finite element in COMSOL Multiphysics program to obtain a high accuracy solution to a moving boundary problem, specifically, the solidification of copper. A one-dimensional geometry in Cartesian coordinates was used to investigate the solidification of initially liquid copper from a chilled wall maintained at fixed temperature. ...
Z. Qin, Y. Zeng, and D.W. Shoesmith
The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
Models that describe hydrogen permeation through a thin TiO2 film deposited on Pd have been developed based on a mass-balance equation consisting of diffusion, reversible hydrogen absorption/desorption, and irreversible hydrogen trapping. These models are solved by the finite element method using COMSOL Multiphysics. By comparing model simulations with experimental permeation curves, values of ...
Importance of Assembly Discontinuity Factors In Simulating Reactor Cores Containing Highly Heterogeneous Fuel Assemblies
Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Mississuaga, Ontario, Canada
To assess the importance of assembly discontinuity factors (ADF), a highly heterogeneous reactor core was simulated using a COMSOL model in which ADF are not used. The resulting errors in assembly powers were found to be unacceptably high. This indicates that for highly heterogeneous cores such as one with MOX and LEU fuel assemblies, the use of techniques that counter the effect of ...