P. Fodor, and J. D'Alessandro
Dept. of Physics
Cleveland State University
In this work a miniaturized fuel cell design based on microchannels, into which the liquid fuel and oxidizer streams are fed through T shaped connectors, is optimized for improved fuel usage. This particular design exploits the laminar nature of the fluid flow at small Reynolds numbers to keep the fuel and oxidizer confined in the vicinity of the corresponding electrodes without the need of a ...
M. Fält, and R. Zevenhoven
Thermal and Flow Engineering Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering
Åbo Akademi University
Air-conditioning produced by traditional vapor compression cycle is an energy demanding operation. By using passive cooling methods is it possible to avoid, or at least reduce, the need for vapor compression cooling. A passive radiative cooling method could be a three windowed skylight, filled with a greenhouse gas. Earlier modeling of such a skylight has shown promising results, and work has ...
I. Bodey, R. Arimilli, and J. Freels
Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace and Biomedical Eng., The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN
Research Reactors Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN
The High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is an 85 MW, light-water moderated, research reactor that operates at low temperature and high pressure. The HFIR is presently scheduled to convert from a high enriched uranium fuel (HEU) to a low enriched uranium fuel (LEU) in 2019. Due to cost constraints, not all experiments will be repeated for the LEU fuel ...
F. Noto[1,2], V. Bellini[1,2], E. Cisbani[3,4], V. De Smet[1,5], F. Librizzi, F. Mammoliti[1,2], and C. Sutera
Dipart. di Fisica ed Astronomia, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
INFN – Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
IINFN – Sezione di Roma - Sanità Group, Roma, Italy
Italian National Institute of Health, Roma, Italy
Haute Ecole Paul-Henri Spaak, ISIB, Bruxelles, Belgium
NFN - Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
The Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) technology has been proven to tolerate rate larger than 50 MHz/cm2 without noticeable aging and to provide the sub millimeter resolution on working chambers up to 45x45 cm2. A new GEM based tracker is under development for the Hall A upgrade at Jefferson Lab. The chambers of the tracker have been designed in a modular way: each chamber consists of 3 adjacent ...
Simulation Studies on Stress Generation and Volume Expansion due to Electrochemical Lithium Insertion in a Silicon Nanowire
G. Sikha, and J. Gordon
Applied Materials, Inc.
Santa Clara, CA
Silicon electrodes are presently being pursued as the potential negative electrode for lithium-ion batteries owing to its high gravimetric (mAh/g) and volumetric capacity (mAh/L) compared to the existing state of the art graphite electrode. Recent experimental studies have demonstrated the use of nano size Si electrodes which minimizes insertion induced stresses due to facile strain ...
B. Jordan, and P. Müller
The specification of cell types and morphogenesis of many biological systems are regulated by the concentrations of signalling molecules. Many systems employ a pair of secreted short-range activators and long-range inhibitors, and these are widely used to generate complex patterns during development. However, the biophysical mechanisms that regulate the different ranges of activators and ...
B. Pryor, and R. Pryor
Pryor Knowledge Systems
Bloomfield Hills, MI
Using modeling software such as COMSOL Multiphysics during the design phase, an approach called “simulation-led design”, allows ideas to be both inspired and validated by the use of simulations. Then, using simulations after the product is designed can shorten the prototype-testing portion of the development process and reduce its cost. This paper provides specifics on the nature of the ...
R. Tosh, and H. Chen-Mayer
Accurate metrology of radiotherapeutic absorbed dose to water requires assessing the radiation induced temperature change. The most direct method for doing this is water calorimetry, for which the established technique involves the use of slender thermistor probes that are sealed within a glass vessel containing high-purity water. The probes and vessel perturb the radiation field, via ...
P. Mercure, and R. Haley
The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI
ATM Research, Midland, MI
We demonstrate cartogram construction, where a geographical map is distorted to represent some measure, for example population, while trying to keep the shape of regions recognizable. We then apply this cartogram construction technique to optimize thermocouple locations. A heat generation and conduction model is used initialize the cartogram construction algorithm. A uniform distribution of ...
Microwave Drying of Cellular Ceramic Substrates: A Conjugate Modeling Approach to Understand Surface Moisture Migration
A. Halder, and J. George
Painted Post, NY
Microwave drying processes are critical components in the manufacture of cellular ceramic substrates and filters. The objective of this study is to develop a comprehensive model at a small scale and include all the possible physics that are important during microwave drying processes. Based on the results, conclusions are made on the importance of different factors in drying.