Multiphase Transport with Large Deformations Undergoing Rubbery-Glassy Phase Transition: Applications to Drying
T. Gulati, A. Datta
Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Drying of biomaterials such as foodstuffs involves mass, momentum and energy transport along with large shrinkage of the porous material, which have significant effects on their final quality. Foodstuffs exhibit non-linearity when undergoing large deformations that affect the transport process in a critical way. Thus, it becomes important to perform a two-way coupling of the multiphase transport ...
Using COMSOL to Estimate the Heat Losses of Composite Panels Undergoing Repairs Using Bayesian Inference
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
Composite repairs involve applying a prescribed heat flux which must be adjusted to account for heat losses. These losses must be estimated. Parameter estimation requires a knowledge of sensitivities. This is often done using finite differences. As shown in the figure, substantial errors often occur. The paper describes the use of the PDE features of COMSOL to obtain much more accurate values by ...
F. Daouda, J. Hamelin, P. Benard, S. Kumar Natarajan 
Insitut de recherche sur l'hydrogène, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada
We present a novel multi-layered electrode fabrication technique for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). This method consists of alternate layers of Pt deposition (0.05 mg/cm²) by sputtering on the painted multi-walled carbon-Nafion layer (CNL) with larger concentration of catalyst particles closer to the membrane. Parametric models were developed and validated by experimental ...
Finite Element Analysis of Induced Electroosmotic Flow in Brain Tissue and Application to ex vivo Determination of Enzyme Activity
Y. Ou, A. Rupert, M. Sandberg, S. Weber
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
Ectopeptidases are commonly accepted to be a means of clearing active peptides. However, studies have shown that they can also regulate peptide activity. We have developed a technique of electrokinetic push-pull perfusion (Ek-PPP, Figure 1) to examine this largely unexplored mechanism of modulation of peptide function. We push the neuropeptide galanin through organotypic hippocampal slice ...
I.M. Abdel-Motaleb, J. Lavrencik 
Department of Electrical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA
There is urgent need to monitor dental and oral diseases, such as tooth decay, gum diseases, and teeth grinding. Such monitoring can be achieved by embedding sensors in the mouth. This technique faces some difficulties. The first is how the power needed for the operation of the sensors and the associated electronic chips can be generated. This power can be generated using the pressure exerted by ...
Electromagnetic Parameters Extraction for Integrated-Circuit Interconnects for Open Three Conductors with Two Levels Systems
S.M. Musa, M.N.O. Sadiku, J.D. Oliver
Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX, USA
The accurate estimate of values of electromagnetic parameters are essential to determine the final circuit speeds and functionality for designing of high-performance integrated circuits and integrated circuits packaging. In this paper, a new quasi-TEM capacitance and inductance analysis of multiconductor multilayer interconnects is successfully demonstrated using the finite element method (FEM) ...
R. Coker, J. Knox, K. Kittredge
NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
All spacecraft systems must be minimized with respect to mass, power, and volume. Here, we focus on current efforts to improve system efficiency and reliability for water separation systems to be used on crewed vehicles. These development efforts combine sub-scale systems testing and multi-physics simulations to evaluate candidate approaches. The best performing options will then be ...
A. Aman, R. Gentile, Y. Xu, N. Orlovskaya
Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
Fuel cells are devices that convert chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy through electrochemical processes. One of the types of fuel cell is the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) that uses solid ceramics for electrolytes. Numerical simulation involves constructing a mathematical model of the SOFC and use of specifically designed software programs that allows the user to manipulate the ...
S. Arslan, J. Brown
Lawrence Technological University, Southfield, MI, USA
The rapid increase in power densities of integrated circuits has induced a significant interest in new reliable and high heat flux cooling technologies. The implication of such growth is the increased need for more efficient and more compact cooling mechanisms. Promising research has been conducted in the area of MEMS cooling devices, taking advantage of the increased heat transfer ...
S. Zhang, M. Pal, P. Barthelemy, M. Lei
Visualization Sciences Group, Burlington, MA, USA
Shell International Exploration and Production, Rijswijk, The Netherlands
The mass and recoverability of oil and gas in unconventional reservoirs strongly depend on the understanding the petrophysical properties of the rocks at a large range of scales. Three-dimensional imaging is capable of unveiling the detailed microstructures within the rocks down to the nanometer scale. Using a multiscale imaging protocol, a Devonian shale rock sample with heterogeneities is ...