Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Poroelastic Models of Stress Diffusion and Fault Re-Activation in Underground Injection

R. Nopper[1], J. Clark[2], C. Miller[1]
[1]DuPont Company, Wilmington, DE, USA
[2]DuPont Company, Beaumont, TX, USA

Stress and failure in the earth have long been observed to couple to hydrogeology. Poroelastic models, introduced by soil scientists, can account for strong two-way coupling between porous crustal rock formations and their pore fluids. Current efforts to provide new energy resources (water injection in EGS, enhanced oil recovery) and to reduce pollution (CO2 sequestration, deepwell disposal) ...

Analysis of Superheater Tubes with Mutual Irradiation as Applied to a Solar Receiver Steam Generator

N. Lemcoff[1], S. Wyatt[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]Alstom Power, Windsor, CT, USA

The objective of this paper is to analyze the temperature variations within a superheater tube of a solar receiver steam generator. The tube is heated by concentrated, collimated solar irradiation with major cooling by an internal steam flow. The influence of heat loss by radiation, internal convection, and conduction are considered. Analytical models are obtained for an isolated tube, and the ...

Assessment of Anterior Spinal Artery Blood Flow following Spinal Cord Injury

M. Alshareef[1], A. Alshareef[2], V. Krishna[3], M. Kindy[3], T. Shazly[4]
[1]College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
[2]Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
[3]Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
[4]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

The incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) in the US is approximately 12,000 individuals annually, due to various forms of trauma and disease. Diminished flow over a prolonged period of time can cause permanent spinal damage. We constructed a 3D finite element model of the spinal cord to examine the role of compressive loading on spinal blood flow. It was found that the type of forces on the ...

Launcher Design for Chemical Looping Combustion

F. Gao[1], D.W. Greve[1]
[1]Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

We report here on the use of the COMSOL emw (electromagnetic waves) module in the design of a microwave launcher. This launcher is to be used in a microwave Doppler sensor that is incorporated into a chemical looping combustion system. The launcher is designed in two steps. First, we determine the best mode for launching a wave into air from an overmoded cylindrical waveguide. he TE11 mode is ...

COMSOL Thermal Model for a Heated Neural Micro-Probe

M. Christian[1], S. Firebaugh[1], A. Smith[1]
[1]United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA

This project utilizes the heat transfer module of the COMSOL Multiphysics environment to model the effects that an ohmic heating probe will have on neural tissue. The model quantifies the thermal impact of active components embedded on a neural micro probe by solving the Penne’s bioheat equation with an external MATLAB function to determine the heat generation along the length of the probe. The ...

Design of a Pressure Sensor to Monitor Teeth Grinding

I.M. Abdel-Motaleb[1], K. Ravanasa[1], K.J. Soderholm[2]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA
[2]Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL USA

Studying teeth grinding behavior and other oral conditions requires the ability to accurately measure the pressure on the teeth. Placing a sensor in the mouth requires small size devices with powering and measurement techniques that do not hinder the normal life of the patient. To meet these requirements, we designed, using COMSOL, a small, easy to read MEMS capacitive force sensor, with ...

Simulation of Microwave Heating of Porous Media Coupled with Heat, Mass and Momentum Transfer

J. Subbiah[1], J. Chen[1], K. Pitchai[1], S. Birla[1], D. Jones[1]
[1]University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA

A microwave heating model coupled with heat, mass, and momentum transfer is needed to fully understand the microwave heating process. In this study a comprehensive 3D model was developed for studying the interaction of microwave with the food. The model includes physics of Maxwell’s electromagnetic heating, Fourier’s heat transfer, Darcy’s momentum transfer, mass conservations of water and ...

Gravitational Collapse of Rectangular Granular Piles

M.H. Babaei[1], T. Dabros[2], S.B. Savage[3]
[1]Ocean, Coastal, and River Engineering, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
[2]Natural Resources Canada, CanmetENERGY, Devon, AB, Canada
[3]Department of Civil Engineering & Applied Mechanics, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada

In this study, the dam-break type two-dimensional gravitational collapse of rectangular granular piles in air was numerically studied. The frictional behavior of the material was based on the von-Mises model with the Mohr-Coulomb yield surface leading to pressure and strain-rate-dependence of shear viscosity. The governing equations of the problem were solved using the COMSOL two-phase flow CFD ...

Modeling Proton Transport in Hydrophobic Polymeric Electrolytes

M. Andrews[1]
[1]Caribbean Industrial Research Institute, Calibration Laboratory, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago

The Polymer Electrolyte Membrane fuel cell is one of the most promising green technologies for addressing portable, as well as transportation power needs. However, the science behind the fuel cell, in many regards, is still an enigma, and even more so, with the vast numbers of novel materials created annually; designed to offset issues related to durability, conductivity, cost- effectiveness and ...

Modeling Magnetic Configurations for Improved Separations of Magnetic and Non-Magnetic Materials

S. Khushrushahi[1], T.A. Hatton[1], M. Zahn[1]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

Magnetic separation of magnetic liquid phases/particles from non-magnetic liquid phases/particles are needed for applications such as cleaning up oil spills by separating oil and water liquid phases or separating magnetic materials from non-magnetic materials in biomedical and microfluidic applications. Magnetic fluids (also called ferrofluids), in a magnetic field, experience a magnetic force ...