Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling of Non-Equilibrium Effects in the Gravity Driven Countercurrent Imbibition

M. Chahardowli[1], R. Farajzadeh[1], J. Bruining[1]
[1]Department of Geotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

One of the main mechanisms in the secondary oil migration from the source rock into oil traps is gravity driven countercurrent imbibition. Many mathematical models describe countercurrent imbibition considering local equilibrium. However, Barenblatt proposed a model to describe the effect of non-equilibrium in oil water displacement. Here, the proposed model was implemented in a gravity driven ...

Electromagnetic Field Computations for Saturated Porous Media

S. Cambon[1], I. Bogdanov[1]
[1]CHLOE, Bâtiment UFR Sciences et Techniques, Pau Cedex, France

Non-conventional hydrocarbon resources become more and more challenging object for energy producing companies throughout the world. Being already known and long-explored method, the electromagnetically (EM) assisted recovery constitutes a promising idea of technology for deposits of such a kind. COMSOL has been used recently for modeling the thermal multiphase flow through porous media in the ...

Modeling Thermal Bridging at Interface Conditions: Analysis of Solutions for Reducing Thermal Bridges Effects on Building Energy Consumption

C. Balocco[1], E. Marmonti[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Energetica, Università di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

In Europe considerable building activity can be expected over the coming decades; Net Zero Energy Buildings refers to a building with minimal power, until maximum 15 kW/m^2. In both cases this requires very well insulated buildings with minimal thermal bridges. Concrete balconies, that extend the floor slab through the building envelope, are a common example of thermal bridging, where structural ...

Modeling Large-Scale Mine Dewatering by Using Subsurface Flow Module in COMSOL Multiphysics

J. Molinero[1], A. Nardi[1], P. Trinchero[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

Groundwater is a key factor affecting mine operations worldwide. On one hand, both underground and open pit mines need to pump out groundwater in order to proceed with mineral extraction and increase the stability of rock slopes. On the other hand, groundwater abstractions can produce undesired environmental and social impacts, which should be anticipated in the environmental impact assessments ...

A Study of Thermo-Fluid Behavior in Tubular Metal Hydride Beds in the Hydriding Process

S. Makridis[1], E.I. Gkanas[1], A. Ioannidou[2], E.S. Kikkinides[2], A.K. Stubos[3]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece & Environmental Research Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Athens, Greece
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece
[3]Environmental Research Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Athens, Greece

Hydrogen, the most abundant element in the universe, has great potential as an energy source, and can be generated from renewable energy sources. We used COMSOL for the solution of the energy, mass and momentum balance equations that describe the hydrogen absorption and desorption procedure in the metal hydride compressor. Thermodynamic or engineering properties like the reaction enthalpy ??, ...

Investigation of the Effect of Spinal Defects on Spondylolysis and Stress Fracture of Vertebral Bodies

M.S. Yeoman[1], C. Quah[2], A. Cizinauskas[1], K. Cooper[1], D. McNally[5], B. Boszczyk[2]
[1]Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
[2]The Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
[5]Bioengineering Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Spondylolysis (SL) is a defect of the spinal vertebra, and is typically caused by stress fracture of the pars interarticularis bone of the vertebral arch. It is especially common in adolescents who over train in sporting activities. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a malformation of the spine where the protruding vertebral bodies are not fully formed. In this study we demonstrate the predisposition ...

Magnetotelluric Response Distortion Over Rugged Topography

D. Rizzello[1], P. Canepa[1], E. Armadillo[1]
[1]DISTAV - University of Genova, Genova, Italy

Topographic effects on magnetotelluric responses may be severe on rugged terrains. Finite elements simulation is a valuable tool to quantify this effect, due to its capability to match real morphologies. To do the estimate of the distortion, the AC/DC Module of COMSOL has been employed, using a model of homogeneous resistivity on which a DEM (Digital Elevation Model) profile of the Deep Freeze ...

Elasto-Plastic FEM Models Explain the Emplacement of Shallow Magma Intrusions in Volcanic Complexes

A. Bistacchi[1]
[1]Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca, Milano, Italy

We present numerical models and field data that aid understanding of volcano-tectonic processes related to the propagation of inclined sheets and dykes under a stress field resulting from the inflation of a shallow magma chamber. Structural field data from the classical Cuillins cone-sheet complex (Isle of Skye) show that sheets have a constant average dip angle (45°), with pure dilational or ...

Numerical Simulation Study on the Heat and Mass Transfer Through Multi-Layer Textile Assemblies

S.F. Neves[1], J.J.B.L.M. Campos[1], T.S. Mayor[2]
[1]CEFT – Transport Phenomena Research Center, Chemical Engineering Department, Porto University, Porto, Portugal
[2]CeNTI - Centre for Nanotechology and Smart Materials, Rua Fernando Mesquita, Vila Nova de Famalicão, Portugal

A clothing system should offer the user a period of relatively comfort. However, changes in the ambient conditions over day affect the heat and mass transport in the system, influencing the user comfort perception. In order to gather information to allow the optimization of clothing systems, it is essential to understand the heat and moisture transfer occurring across multi-layer textiles. For ...

High Frequency Electromagnetic Device Modeling with COMSOL: Simulation vs. Experiment

P. Alotto[1], F. Dughiero[1], F. Bressan[1], M. Bullo[1]
[1]Università di Padova, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Padova, Italy

Computer simulation is mandatory for the optimization of electromagnetic devices. Here we concentrate on two classes of devices operating in the MHz and GHz range, namely microwave ovens and TEM cells for electromagnetic compatibility testing. In particular we concentrate on the issue that numerical results are usually different from the experimental ones and this can be due, among others ...