A. Polit, R. Jez
ABB Corporate Research Center, Krakow, Poland
The air gap is one of the most crucial part of magnetic circuits, especially in high-power inductors. It significantly modifies the parameters of magnetic devices by increasing the saturation current, linearizing B-H curve of magnetic circuit and causing a decreasing in the inductance. Therefore the optimal selection of shape and dimensions of the air gap is very important from the design point ...
O. Vogel, and J. Ulm
Proportional solenoids are well-known and used in a wide range of applications today. This paper is about methods of influencing the characteristic force-stroke-curves of magnetic actuators by means of different pole geometries. The conical design of the stator pole which is mostly used to accomplish proportional solenoids is analyzed by both a simple analytic reluctance model and a FEM model ...
Multiphysics Simulation of Thermoelectric Systems - Modeling of Peltier-Cooling and Thermoelectric Generation
Fraunhofer-Institute for Physical Measurement-Techniques (IPM), Freiburg, Germany
Electro-thermal interaction is commonly considered only as a matter of joule heating. In addition, the Seebeck-, Peltier- and Thompson-Effects are significant in materials with high thermoelectric figure of merit Z. These thermoelectric materials have a high Seebeck-coefficient α, a good electric conductivity σ, and a poor thermal conductivity λ. They have widespread areas of ...
S. Singh, Y. Sedyuk, R. Summer
Chalmers University of Technology, High Voltage Engineering, Gothenburg, Sweden
Schneider Electric, Regensburg, Germany
Simulations of streamer discharge was performed by utilizing a space adaptive numerical scheme based on logarithmic representation of mass conservation equations, which governs the transport of charge carriers. Implementation of a model, which describes the propagation of a streamer in air at atmospheric pressure is discussed. Results of numerical simulations of a nanosecond discharge are ...
M. Puskarczyk, R. Jez 
ABB Corporate Research Center, Krakow, Poland
Multilayer planar transformers are widely implemented in power electronic applications. The design process of these elements is complicated due to the complexity of a magnetic circuit and high frequency interactions between windings. Additionally, an analytical approach to the analysis (based on mathematical formulas) can be uncertain. The applied FEM method of the analysis can be a solution to ...
Electrical Conductivity Modeling and Validation in Unidirectional Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites
P. Banerjee, J. L. Schmidt
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA
Carbon fiber (CF) reinforced polymer composites (CFRP) have begun to replace Al-Zn-Mg alloys in applications which require high strength-to-weight ratios. The anisotropy of CFRP composites is a result of melt crystallized extrusion techniques that impart an inherent directionality to the CFs and the associated material’s properties. Electrical conductivity was modeled across the entire CF ...
S. Meenatchisundaram, S. M. Kulkarni, S. Bhat
Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Surathkal, Karnataka, India.
Piezoresistive pressure sensors have received much attention over the years because of low cost, simple measurement techniques, etc. There is a challenge in design with respect to appropriate positioning, shape and temperature compensation. Different models of piezoresistive pressure sensors are proposed to enhance its sensitivity in terms of output voltage. This paper aims in sensitivity ...
University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
This report mainly discusses the implementation and results of a project proposal, “Modelling using Finite Element Methods”. The report is devoted to implementation, which is a model of an electromagnet. The software tool that is used to model the electromagnet is COMSOL Multiphysics®, a commercial FEA package provided by the University of Manchester, Computer Science School. Additionally, the ...
E. Ruiz-Reina , F. Carrique , A.V. Delgado , M.M. Fernández ,
 Department of Applied Physics II, University of Málaga, Málaga, Spain
 Department of Applied Physics I, University of Málaga, Málaga, Spain
 Department of Applied Physics, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Capacitive energy extraction based on double layer expansion (CDLE) is a new method devised for extracting energy from the exchange of fresh and salty water in porous electrodes. First suggested by D. Brogioli, it is enclosed in a group of emergent technologies jointly known as Capmix methods. The CDLE technique is based on the fact that the capacitance of the electric double layer (EDL) ...
G. Gomila , L. Fumagalli , R. Fabregas ,
 Institut de Bioenginyeria de Catalunya (IBEC), Departament d’Electrònica, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
 Institut de Bioenginyeria de Catalunya (IBEC), Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Electrical scanning probe microscopy (SPM) techniques, such as electrostatic force microscopy, nanoscale impedance microscopy or scanning near field microwave microscopy, are a relatively new branch of microscopy techniques that can generate images of the nanoscale electrical properties of samples (conductivity, permittivity, charge, etc.). These techniques scan the surface of a sample ...