P. Singh, N. Khare, P. K. Chaturvedi
Banasthali University, Banasthali, Rajasthan, India
EOS Energy Storage, Edison, NJ, USA
SRM University, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pardesh, India
Introduction: Recently, Li-ion battery is being widely used as power source for various applications from electronic gadgets to automotive industry. The performance and cycle life of Li-ion battery are becoming gradually important issues as the applications are shifting from small scale consumer electronics to dynamic power applications (Electric Vehicles, Hybrid Electric Vehicles). To create a ...
Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Material Structure Grading in the Direction Normal to the Electrode/Electrolyte Interface Using COMSOL Multiphysics® - new
M. Andersson, B. Sundén
Department of Energy Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Fuel cells (FCs) are promising as an energy producing device, which at this stage of development will require extensive analysis and benefit from numerical modeling at different time- and length scales. COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to describe an intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). Governing equations for heat, gas-phase species, electron, ion and momentum transport are ...
X. Corbella , R. Torres , J. Grau , M. Allué ,
 Escola Universitària d’Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Barcelona, Spain
 Fluid Mechanics Department (Escola Universitària d’Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Barcelona, Spain
 Institut de Robòtica I Informàtica Industrial (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas – Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Barcelona, Spain
PEM Fuel Cells’ durability and performance can be increased using an ejector based hydrogen recirculation system. In this work, a CFD model has been implemented to simulate the flow within an ejector used to recirculate hydrogen in PEM Fuel Cell systems. The model has been validated experimentally and has been used to design and manufacture an ejector that will be implemented in a fuel cell test ...
Modeling of Liquid Water Distribution at Cathode Gas Flow Channels in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell – PEMFC
S. Skoda, E. Robalinho, A. Paulino, E.F. Cunha, M. Linardi
Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, São Paulo, Brazil
Universidade Nove de Julho, São Paulo, Brazil
The objective of this study is to determine the locations where liquid water accumulates at cathode gas flow channels, and the corresponding operating conditions. In such way it is possible to mitigate slug flow, responsible for channel blockage and hindering the diffusion of reactants to the catalytic sites. The model presented here is a comprehensive PEMFC 3D model, which includes liquid water ...
SPAWAR Systems Center (SSC) ATLANTIC, Charleston, SC, USA
Additive manufacturing uses 3D printing to build physical parts from CAD-based designs. The technology includes fused deposition modeling (FDM) and selective laser sintering (SLS) methods. 3-D printing is of particular interest for smaller, one-of-a-kind, customizable products. A cube satellite (CubeSat) containing fiber reinforced SLS parts has been successfully launched (Ref 1). Lower ...
V. Panneerselvam , R. C. Thiagarajan 
 ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt Ltd, Bengaluru, India
Battery grids are critical system used in automobile, renewable energy, medical devices and mobile phones. Research efforts are directed to increase energy density, longevity and reduce the cost. This paper is related to computational optimisation of lead acid battery for efficiency and performance improvement. Battery grid is the precursor for the active material and current distribution in ...
H. White, L. Luo
Department of Chemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
A characteristic feature of nanochannels is that surface properties (e.g., electrical charge) play a more significant role in the transport of fluid and electrolyte. Two oppositely directed flows (electroosmotic flow and pressure-driven flow) determine the flow profile at the nanopore orifice as well as electrolyte distribution. Once there are two electrolyte solutions with different ...
L. Tong ,
 Keisoku Engineering System Co., Ltd., Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan
There is great interest in developing all-solid-state lithium-ion batteries. They are ideal micro-power sources for many applications in portable electronic devices, electric vehicles and biomedical engineering. It is known that all-solid-state lithium-ion batteries are often fabricated by thin film methods, with thicknesses in the range of a few micrometers. Since porous electrodes are not ...
L. Van Lokeren , R. Verhelle , S. Loulidi , H. Boyd , G. Ridolfi , G. Van Assche 
 Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
 Heerema Marine Contractors, Leiden, The Netherlands
A multilayer polymer coating is applied to carbon steel pipelines installed in the sea to protect against corrosion and to insulate to maintain the temperature. For field joint coatings, both thermosets (like polyurethane) and semi-crystalline thermoplastics (like polypropylene) are commonly used. To predict the temperature and crystallinity or conversion of the polymer during the cooling ...
Parameter Estimation in a Single Particle Model Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software and MATLAB® Optimization
B. Rajabloo , M. Désilets , Y. Choquette ,
 Département de Génie Chimique et de Génie Biotechnologique, Université de Sherbrooke, QC, Canada
 Institut de recherche d’Hydro-Québec, Varennes, QC, Canada
When it comes to study the behavior of the secondary batteries, physics-based models are more representative of the real behaviour than equivalent circuit models, especially for the estimation of the life and capacity fading. On the other hand, the complexity and computational cost of sophisticated physics-based models like pseudo two-dimensional (P2D) models justify the use of more simplified ...