Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

The Fast Model for Ionic Wind Simulation

A. Samusenko[1], Yu. Stishkov[1], P. Zhidkova[1]
[1]Saint Petersburg State University, Research and Educational Center “Electrophysics”, St Petersburg, Russia

Ionic wind is the gas flow induced by the corona discharge. Ions produced by corona are accelerated by electric field and transfer their momentum to neutral molecules. Using ionic wind one can convert electric energy to kinetic energy of air flow almost directly. The phenomenon of ionic wind finds applications in electrostatic precipitators and ionizers. It is difficult to solve the complete ...

Modeling an Ejector for Hydrogen Recirculation in a PEM Fuel Cell

X. Corbella [1], R. Torres [2], J. Grau [2], M. Allué [3],
[1] Escola Universitària d’Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Barcelona, Spain
[2] Fluid Mechanics Department (Escola Universitària d’Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Barcelona, Spain
[3] Institut de Robòtica I Informàtica Industrial (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas – Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Barcelona, Spain

PEM Fuel Cells’ durability and performance can be increased using an ejector based hydrogen recirculation system. In this work, a CFD model has been implemented to simulate the flow within an ejector used to recirculate hydrogen in PEM Fuel Cell systems. The model has been validated experimentally and has been used to design and manufacture an ejector that will be implemented in a fuel cell test ...

Modeling and Simulation of Thermal Runaway in Cylindrical 18650 Lithium-Ion Batteries

A. M. Melcher [1], C. Ziebert [1], B. Lei [1], M. Rohde [2], H. J. Seifert [2]
[1] Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, IAM-AWP, Karlsruhe, Germany
[2] Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

In this work the coupled electrochemical-thermal model for a lithium-ion battery (LIB) based on porous electrode theory has been extended with contributions coming from exothermic side reactions based on an Arrhenius law to model abuse mechanisms, which could lead to a thermal runaway. These extensions have been modeled with a constant fuel model and for specified current profiles and exterior ...

The Effect of Electrolyte Flow Slots in Tooling Electrodes on Workpiece Surface Finish in Electrochemical Machining

B. Bingham[1]
[1]Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA

Electrochemical machining (ECM) uses electrolysis to precisely remove material at high rates. ECM has many advantages over conventional machining: no tool wear, no induced mechanical or thermal stresses, high removal rates virtually independent of material hardness or strength, and excellent surface finishes. However, challenges can arise during the design of the tooling electrode when ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Based Identification of Thermal Properties of Mesoporous Silicon by Pulsed Photothermal Method - new

N. Semmar[1], I. El Abdouni[1], A. Melhem[1]
[1]GREMI-UMR7344, CNRS/University of Orléans, Orléans, France

The silicon is mainly known under its single-crystal shape and polycrystalline. Since a few decades, a new type of morphology is developed: the porous silicon (p-Si). Meso-porous silicon (Mp-Si) is one of promising materials for future microelectronic chips multi-functionalization systems, and for micro-sensing devices. For thermal properties investigation many experimental systems were ...

Cooling and Hardening during Injection Molding of Field Joint Coatings for Deep Sea Pipelines

L. Van Lokeren [1], R. Verhelle [1], S. Loulidi [1], H. Boyd [2], G. Ridolfi [2], G. Van Assche [1]
[1] Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
[2] Heerema Marine Contractors, Leiden, The Netherlands

A multilayer polymer coating is applied to carbon steel pipelines installed in the sea to protect against corrosion and to insulate to maintain the temperature. For field joint coatings, both thermosets (like polyurethane) and semi-crystalline thermoplastics (like polypropylene) are commonly used. To predict the temperature and crystallinity or conversion of the polymer during the cooling ...

Modeling the Vanadium Oxygen Fuel Cell

F.T. Wandschneider[1], M. Küttinger[1], P. Fischer[1], K. Pinkwart[1], J. Tübke[1], H. Nirschl[2]
[1]Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology, Pfinztal, Germany
[2]Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

A two-dimensional stationary model of a vanadium oxygen fuel cell is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. This energy storage device combines a vanadium flow battery anode and an oxygen fuel cell cathode. The oxygen reduction reaction generates additional water, leading to a degradation of the catalyst performance over time. A logistic function is introduced to the Butler-Volmer equation in order ...

A Single Particle Thermal Model for Lithium Ion Batteries - new

R. Painter[1], S. Berryhill[1], L. Sharpe[2], S. K. Hargrove[2]
[1]Department of Civil Engineering, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN, USA
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN, USA

COMSOL® "Single Particle Model for Lithium-Ion Batteries” (Model ID: 14527) is generalized to include an energy balance. This is accomplished by approximating the solution phase polarization as a function of current and temperature. The theoretical approach for this work is similar to Guo et al. [Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 158, (2) A122-A132 (2011)] for modeling lithium ion cells. ...

Transient Modelling of a Fluorine Electrolysis Cell; Fully Coupled Electric Currents, Heat-Transfer, Diluted Species Transport and Laminar Bubbly Flow

R. Pretorius[1], P. L. Crouse[1], and C. J. Hattingh[2]
[1]University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
[2]Metallurgical Testing and Consultation (MTC) cc, Farrarmere, South Africa

A laboratory-scale fluorine reactor was simulated with COMSOL Multiphysics®. This model employs fundamental fully coupled electron-, heat-, mass- and momentum transfer (two-phase) equations to deliver a transient model of the above-mentioned reactor. Quasi-steady-state results were produced for the current density, electric field, temperature, reactive species concentration, gas- and liquid ...

Transient Simulation of the Electrolyte Flow in a Closed Device for Precise Electrochemical Machining - new

M. Hackert-Oschätzchen[1], M. Penzel[1], M. Kowalick[1], G. Meichsner[2], A. Schubert[1,2]
[1]Professorship Micromanufacturing Technology, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Chemnitz, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany

Precise electrochemical machining (PEM) is an innovative machining technology which results from further development of the electrochemical sinking. PEM works with pulsed low frequency direct current and oscillation of the tool electrode. As part of the project ‘Electrochemical machining of internal precision and micro-geometries with high aspect ratios by process-state-dependent electrolyte ...