Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.
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Numerical Analysis of Propeller-induced Low-frequency Modulations in Underwater Electric Potential Signatures of Naval Vessels in the Context of Corrosion Protection Systems

D. Schaefer[1], J. Doose[2], A. Rennings[1], and D. Erni[1]
[1]General and Theoretical Electrical Engineering (ATE), Faculty of Engineering, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
[2]Technical Center for Ships and Naval Weapons (WTD 71), Bundeswehr, Eckernförde, Germany

Since October 2009 the laboratory of ATE has carried out collaborative research with the WTD 71 that aims for prediction, reduction and optimization of so-called underwater electric potential (UEP) signatures. COMSOL is used to simulate potential distributions in the context of impressed current cathodic protection (ICCP) systems. The electrode kinetics is considered by using boundary conditions ...

Modeling an Ejector for Hydrogen Recirculation in a PEM Fuel Cell

X. Corbella [1], R. Torres [2], J. Grau [2], M. Allué [3],
[1] Escola Universitària d’Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Barcelona, Spain
[2] Fluid Mechanics Department (Escola Universitària d’Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Barcelona, Spain
[3] Institut de Robòtica I Informàtica Industrial (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas – Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Barcelona, Spain

PEM Fuel Cells’ durability and performance can be increased using an ejector based hydrogen recirculation system. In this work, a CFD model has been implemented to simulate the flow within an ejector used to recirculate hydrogen in PEM Fuel Cell systems. The model has been validated experimentally and has been used to design and manufacture an ejector that will be implemented in a fuel cell test ...

Analysis of 3-D Printed Structural Components for Cube Satellites - new

C. Herzfeld[1]
[1]SPAWAR Systems Center (SSC) ATLANTIC, Charleston, SC, USA

Additive manufacturing uses 3D printing to build physical parts from CAD-based designs. The technology includes fused deposition modeling (FDM) and selective laser sintering (SLS) methods. 3-D printing is of particular interest for smaller, one-of-a-kind, customizable products. A cube satellite (CubeSat) containing fiber reinforced SLS parts has been successfully launched (Ref 1). Lower ...

Electrical and Bubbly Flow Modeling of a Molten Salt Electrolysis Cell

A. Oury [1], P. Namy [1], A. M. Martinez [2] , K. S. Olsen [2], A. Solheim [2] ,
[1] SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
[2] SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, Trondheim, Norway

A laboratory-scale electrolysis cell for the recovery of metals is simulated with COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Two models are implemented: an electrical model simulating the current density (reaction rate) distribution at the electrodes and a laminar bubbly flow model which solves for the electrolyte velocity induced by gas bubble production at the anode. A parametric study on the mesh ...

Modeling the Vanadium Oxygen Fuel Cell

F.T. Wandschneider[1], M. Küttinger[1], P. Fischer[1], K. Pinkwart[1], J. Tübke[1], H. Nirschl[2]
[1]Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology, Pfinztal, Germany
[2]Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

A two-dimensional stationary model of a vanadium oxygen fuel cell is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. This energy storage device combines a vanadium flow battery anode and an oxygen fuel cell cathode. The oxygen reduction reaction generates additional water, leading to a degradation of the catalyst performance over time. A logistic function is introduced to the Butler-Volmer equation in order ...

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy of a LiFePO4/Li Half-Cell

M. Cugnet[1], I. Baghdadi[1], M. Perrin[1]
[1]INES - CEA, Grenoble, France

This study demonstrates that a multiphysics model of a LiFePO4/Li half-cell can be applied to simulate the impedance results from an EIS. However, it implies that the double layer capacitance has to be taken into account, since it is responsible of the semi-circle in the impedance spectrum. A 15 min simulation allows getting a complete spectrum of the half-cell impedance from 0.1 to 200 kHz. The ...

Cooling and Hardening during Injection Molding of Field Joint Coatings for Deep Sea Pipelines

L. Van Lokeren [1], R. Verhelle [1], S. Loulidi [1], H. Boyd [2], G. Ridolfi [2], G. Van Assche [1]
[1] Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
[2] Heerema Marine Contractors, Leiden, The Netherlands

A multilayer polymer coating is applied to carbon steel pipelines installed in the sea to protect against corrosion and to insulate to maintain the temperature. For field joint coatings, both thermosets (like polyurethane) and semi-crystalline thermoplastics (like polypropylene) are commonly used. To predict the temperature and crystallinity or conversion of the polymer during the cooling ...

Modeling Galvanic Corrosion

E. Gutierrez-Miravete[1], M. Turner[2]
[1]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA

Galvanic corrosion is encountered in marine applications because one often has dissimilar metal joints and seawater acts as an electrolyte. One metal acts predominantly as anode and undergoes material dissolution while the other acts predominantly as cathode and is the site where a cathodic reaction takes place. Assuming a stagnant electrolyte, the equation governing the distribution of ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Based Identification of Thermal Properties of Mesoporous Silicon by Pulsed Photothermal Method - new

N. Semmar[1], I. El Abdouni[1], A. Melhem[1]
[1]GREMI-UMR7344, CNRS/University of Orléans, Orléans, France

The silicon is mainly known under its single-crystal shape and polycrystalline. Since a few decades, a new type of morphology is developed: the porous silicon (p-Si). Meso-porous silicon (Mp-Si) is one of promising materials for future microelectronic chips multi-functionalization systems, and for micro-sensing devices. For thermal properties investigation many experimental systems were ...

Modeling of the Material/Electrolyte Interface and the Electrical Current Generated During the Pulse Electrochemical Machining of Grey Cast Iron

O. Weber[1], A. Rebschläger[1], P. Steuer[1], D. Bähre[2]
[1]Center for Mechatronics and Automatization, Saarbrücken, Germany
[2]Institute of Production Engineering, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany

The Pulse Electrochemical Machining is especially suitable for the precise production of complex geometric contours with high precision and high surface quality demands in series manufacturing. During this process, the negative structure of an electrode is copied to the workpiece without sub-surface damages. An adequate knowledge of the current and thus of the material removal behavior is ...