W. Beckert, C. Freytag, T. Frölich, G. Fauser
Fraunhofer IKTS, Dresden, Germany
The presented model approach offers a computational efficient tool to analyze the influences of geometrical design details, material selection and operational conditions on the electro-thermal behavior of a full Li ion battery cell geometry. It considers typical aspects as anisotropic winding structure, electro-thermal coupling and nonlinear electrical characteristics for moderate computational ...
Primary Current Distribution Model for Electrochemical Etching of Silicon through a Circular Opening
A. Ivanov , U. Mescheder ,
 Hochschule Furtwangen University, Furtwangen im Schwarzwald, Germany
Primary current distribution model for anodization of low-doped p-type silicon through a circular opening in frontside insulating mask is developed. The model is applied in two regimes of the process – pore formation and electropolishing – by definition of current density dependent functions of porosity and dissolution valence based on experimental results. As found also experimentally, ...
A. Samusenko, Yu. Stishkov, P. Zhidkova
Saint Petersburg State University, Research and Educational Center “Electrophysics”, St Petersburg, Russia
Ionic wind is the gas flow induced by the corona discharge. Ions produced by corona are accelerated by electric field and transfer their momentum to neutral molecules. Using ionic wind one can convert electric energy to kinetic energy of air flow almost directly. The phenomenon of ionic wind finds applications in electrostatic precipitators and ionizers. It is difficult to solve the complete ...
F.T. Wandschneider, M. Küttinger, P. Fischer, K. Pinkwart, J. Tübke, H. Nirschl
Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology, Pfinztal, Germany
Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
A two-dimensional stationary model of a vanadium oxygen fuel cell is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. This energy storage device combines a vanadium flow battery anode and an oxygen fuel cell cathode. The oxygen reduction reaction generates additional water, leading to a degradation of the catalyst performance over time. A logistic function is introduced to the Butler-Volmer equation in order ...
Simulation of Production Processes using the Multiphysics Approach: The Electrochemical Machining Process
R. van Tijum
Advanced Technology Center, Philips Consumer Lifestyle, Drachten, The Netherlands
Redmer van Tijum studied Applied Physics at the University of Groningen. In 2006, he received his PhD title on ‘Interface and surface roughness of polymer metal laminates’ in the field of Material Science at the University of Groningen. After that he became research and development engineer at Philips, where he focussed his attention on the improvement of production processes mainly ...
Kesoku Engineering System Co., Ltd.,
The tertiary current distributions on rotating electrodes are studied in this work. An acid copper sulfate electrolyte is used within an electrochemical cell of practical dimensions. The distributions of ion concentrations are obtained by the two-dimensional fluid flow simulation and the solution of mass-transport equations based on axial symmetry.
Z. Umar, D. Ledwoch, L. Komsiyska, S. Vasić[
EWE-Forschungszentrum für Energietechnologie e. V, Oldenburg, Germany
In general battery cells are charged/discharged using constant current or constant power expressed as C-Rates and P-Rates respectively. We are developing a single cell-level Li-Ion battery model in order to simulate the performance and the physicochemical phenomena under power discharging mode (P-Rate). The P-Rate is defined as the measure of the rate at which a battery charges/discharges ...
COMSOL Multiphysics® Based Identification of Thermal Properties of Mesoporous Silicon by Pulsed Photothermal Method - new
N. Semmar, I. El Abdouni, A. Melhem
GREMI-UMR7344, CNRS/University of Orléans, Orléans, France
The silicon is mainly known under its single-crystal shape and polycrystalline. Since a few decades, a new type of morphology is developed: the porous silicon (p-Si). Meso-porous silicon (Mp-Si) is one of promising materials for future microelectronic chips multi-functionalization systems, and for micro-sensing devices. For thermal properties investigation many experimental systems were ...
Modeling of Liquid Water Distribution at Cathode Gas Flow Channels in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell – PEMFC
S. Skoda, E. Robalinho, A. Paulino, E.F. Cunha, M. Linardi
Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, São Paulo, Brazil
Universidade Nove de Julho, São Paulo, Brazil
The objective of this study is to determine the locations where liquid water accumulates at cathode gas flow channels, and the corresponding operating conditions. In such way it is possible to mitigate slug flow, responsible for channel blockage and hindering the diffusion of reactants to the catalytic sites. The model presented here is a comprehensive PEMFC 3D model, which includes liquid water ...
M.S. Nesro, I.M. Elfadel
Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Masdar City, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Lithium microbatteries are replacing conventional power sources in many microsystems areas such as wireless sensors and biomedical monitors. In many of these applications, compact models of micro batteries are needed both at the microsystems design stage and at the real-time power management stage. These compact models are typically derived from physics-based discretized formulations. We have ...