H. White, L. Luo
Department of Chemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
A characteristic feature of nanochannels is that surface properties (e.g., electrical charge) play a more significant role in the transport of fluid and electrolyte. Two oppositely directed flows (electroosmotic flow and pressure-driven flow) determine the flow profile at the nanopore orifice as well as electrolyte distribution. Once there are two electrolyte solutions with different ...
X. Corbella , R. Torres , J. Grau , M. Allué ,
 Escola Universitària d’Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Barcelona, Spain
 Fluid Mechanics Department (Escola Universitària d’Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Barcelona, Spain
 Institut de Robòtica I Informàtica Industrial (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas – Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Barcelona, Spain
PEM Fuel Cells’ durability and performance can be increased using an ejector based hydrogen recirculation system. In this work, a CFD model has been implemented to simulate the flow within an ejector used to recirculate hydrogen in PEM Fuel Cell systems. The model has been validated experimentally and has been used to design and manufacture an ejector that will be implemented in a fuel cell test ...
A. Falconi , D. Sicsic , R. Cornut , C. Lefrou 
 Renault s.a.s, CEA/DSM/IRAMIS/NIMBE/LICSEN, Université de Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France
 Renault s.a.s, Renault technocentre, Guyancourt, France
 CEA/DSM/IRAMIS/NIMBE/LICSEN, Gif Sur Yvette Cedex, France
 Université de Grenoble Alpes, LEPMI, CNRS, Grenoble, France
The future development of electric vehicles is now strictly linked with their batteries. In parallel of the actual research focused on the development of new materials and increase their performances in terms of energy, power, cost, durability and weight, it is necessary to develop modeling tools. The simulations are helpful for improving the knowledge of both physical and chemical phenomena, ...
Electrochemical etching of silicon (anodization) is a process that can be used for etching of forms of nearly arbitrary shapes. The difficulty of applying the process for mass production is in the many parameters influencing the process, such as electrolyte concentration and temperature, silicon substrate doping and type, and so on. COMSOL as an FEM simulation tool is very suitable for ...
W. Beckert, C. Freytag, T. Frölich, G. Fauser
Fraunhofer IKTS, Dresden, Germany
The presented model approach offers a computational efficient tool to analyze the influences of geometrical design details, material selection and operational conditions on the electro-thermal behavior of a full Li ion battery cell geometry. It considers typical aspects as anisotropic winding structure, electro-thermal coupling and nonlinear electrical characteristics for moderate computational ...
Primary Current Distribution Model for Electrochemical Etching of Silicon through a Circular Opening
A. Ivanov , U. Mescheder ,
 Hochschule Furtwangen University, Furtwangen im Schwarzwald, Germany
Primary current distribution model for anodization of low-doped p-type silicon through a circular opening in frontside insulating mask is developed. The model is applied in two regimes of the process – pore formation and electropolishing – by definition of current density dependent functions of porosity and dissolution valence based on experimental results. As found also experimentally, ...
M. Cugnet, I. Baghdadi, M. Perrin
INES - CEA, Grenoble, France
This study demonstrates that a multiphysics model of a LiFePO4/Li half-cell can be applied to simulate the impedance results from an EIS. However, it implies that the double layer capacitance has to be taken into account, since it is responsible of the semi-circle in the impedance spectrum. A 15 min simulation allows getting a complete spectrum of the half-cell impedance from 0.1 to 200 kHz. The ...
Modeling of Liquid Water Distribution at Cathode Gas Flow Channels in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell – PEMFC
S. Skoda, E. Robalinho, A. Paulino, E.F. Cunha, M. Linardi
Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, São Paulo, Brazil
Universidade Nove de Julho, São Paulo, Brazil
The objective of this study is to determine the locations where liquid water accumulates at cathode gas flow channels, and the corresponding operating conditions. In such way it is possible to mitigate slug flow, responsible for channel blockage and hindering the diffusion of reactants to the catalytic sites. The model presented here is a comprehensive PEMFC 3D model, which includes liquid water ...
Parameter Estimation in a Single Particle Model Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software and MATLAB® Optimization
B. Rajabloo , M. Désilets , Y. Choquette ,
 Département de Génie Chimique et de Génie Biotechnologique, Université de Sherbrooke, QC, Canada
 Institut de recherche d’Hydro-Québec, Varennes, QC, Canada
When it comes to study the behavior of the secondary batteries, physics-based models are more representative of the real behaviour than equivalent circuit models, especially for the estimation of the life and capacity fading. On the other hand, the complexity and computational cost of sophisticated physics-based models like pseudo two-dimensional (P2D) models justify the use of more simplified ...
C. Siegel[1,2], G. Bandlamudi[1,2], and A. Heinzel[1,2]
Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik (ZBT) gGmbH, Duisburg, Germany
Institut für Energie- und Umweltverfahrenstechnik, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
Phosphoric acid doped polybenzimidazole (PBI) membranes are commonly used in today’s high-temperature polymer-electrolyte-membrane (HTPEM) fuel cell technology. COMSOL Multiphysics is used to model and simulate the three-dimensional, single-phase, non-isothermal overall cell behaviour at different operating points. The sol-gel PBI/H3PO4 membrane behaviour is modeled using an Arrhenius ...