A. Samusenko, Yu. Stishkov, P. Zhidkova
Saint Petersburg State University, Research and Educational Center “Electrophysics”, St Petersburg, Russia
Ionic wind is the gas flow induced by the corona discharge. Ions produced by corona are accelerated by electric field and transfer their momentum to neutral molecules. Using ionic wind one can convert electric energy to kinetic energy of air flow almost directly. The phenomenon of ionic wind finds applications in electrostatic precipitators and ionizers. It is difficult to solve the complete ...
X. Corbella , R. Torres , J. Grau , M. Allué ,
 Escola Universitària d’Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Barcelona, Spain
 Fluid Mechanics Department (Escola Universitària d’Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Barcelona, Spain
 Institut de Robòtica I Informàtica Industrial (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas – Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Barcelona, Spain
PEM Fuel Cells’ durability and performance can be increased using an ejector based hydrogen recirculation system. In this work, a CFD model has been implemented to simulate the flow within an ejector used to recirculate hydrogen in PEM Fuel Cell systems. The model has been validated experimentally and has been used to design and manufacture an ejector that will be implemented in a fuel cell test ...
A. M. Melcher , C. Ziebert , B. Lei , M. Rohde , H. J. Seifert 
 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, IAM-AWP, Karlsruhe, Germany
 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
In this work the coupled electrochemical-thermal model for a lithium-ion battery (LIB) based on porous electrode theory has been extended with contributions coming from exothermic side reactions based on an Arrhenius law to model abuse mechanisms, which could lead to a thermal runaway. These extensions have been modeled with a constant fuel model and for specified current profiles and exterior ...
The Effect of Electrolyte Flow Slots in Tooling Electrodes on Workpiece Surface Finish in Electrochemical Machining
Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
Electrochemical machining (ECM) uses electrolysis to precisely remove material at high rates. ECM has many advantages over conventional machining: no tool wear, no induced mechanical or thermal stresses, high removal rates virtually independent of material hardness or strength, and excellent surface finishes. However, challenges can arise during the design of the tooling electrode when ...
COMSOL Multiphysics® Based Identification of Thermal Properties of Mesoporous Silicon by Pulsed Photothermal Method - new
N. Semmar, I. El Abdouni, A. Melhem
GREMI-UMR7344, CNRS/University of Orléans, Orléans, France
The silicon is mainly known under its single-crystal shape and polycrystalline. Since a few decades, a new type of morphology is developed: the porous silicon (p-Si). Meso-porous silicon (Mp-Si) is one of promising materials for future microelectronic chips multi-functionalization systems, and for micro-sensing devices. For thermal properties investigation many experimental systems were ...
L. Van Lokeren , R. Verhelle , S. Loulidi , H. Boyd , G. Ridolfi , G. Van Assche 
 Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
 Heerema Marine Contractors, Leiden, The Netherlands
A multilayer polymer coating is applied to carbon steel pipelines installed in the sea to protect against corrosion and to insulate to maintain the temperature. For field joint coatings, both thermosets (like polyurethane) and semi-crystalline thermoplastics (like polypropylene) are commonly used. To predict the temperature and crystallinity or conversion of the polymer during the cooling ...
F.T. Wandschneider, M. Küttinger, P. Fischer, K. Pinkwart, J. Tübke, H. Nirschl
Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology, Pfinztal, Germany
Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
A two-dimensional stationary model of a vanadium oxygen fuel cell is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. This energy storage device combines a vanadium flow battery anode and an oxygen fuel cell cathode. The oxygen reduction reaction generates additional water, leading to a degradation of the catalyst performance over time. A logistic function is introduced to the Butler-Volmer equation in order ...
R. Painter, S. Berryhill, L. Sharpe, S. K. Hargrove
Department of Civil Engineering, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN, USA
COMSOL® "Single Particle Model for Lithium-Ion Batteries” (Model ID: 14527) is generalized to include an energy balance. This is accomplished by approximating the solution phase polarization as a function of current and temperature. The theoretical approach for this work is similar to Guo et al. [Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 158, (2) A122-A132 (2011)] for modeling lithium ion cells. ...
Transient Modelling of a Fluorine Electrolysis Cell; Fully Coupled Electric Currents, Heat-Transfer, Diluted Species Transport and Laminar Bubbly Flow
R. Pretorius, P. L. Crouse, and C. J. Hattingh
University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
Metallurgical Testing and Consultation (MTC) cc, Farrarmere, South Africa
A laboratory-scale fluorine reactor was simulated with COMSOL Multiphysics®. This model employs fundamental fully coupled electron-, heat-, mass- and momentum transfer (two-phase) equations to deliver a transient model of the above-mentioned reactor. Quasi-steady-state results were produced for the current density, electric field, temperature, reactive species concentration, gas- and liquid ...
Transient Simulation of the Electrolyte Flow in a Closed Device for Precise Electrochemical Machining - new
M. Hackert-Oschätzchen, M. Penzel, M. Kowalick, G. Meichsner, A. Schubert[1,2]
Professorship Micromanufacturing Technology, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Chemnitz, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Precise electrochemical machining (PEM) is an innovative machining technology which results from further development of the electrochemical sinking. PEM works with pulsed low frequency direct current and oscillation of the tool electrode. As part of the project ‘Electrochemical machining of internal precision and micro-geometries with high aspect ratios by process-state-dependent electrolyte ...