A.W.M. (J.) Van Schijndel , D. P. M. Jacobs ,
 Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands
Pioneering Computational Models for the Built Environment Energy performance is becoming more important in the build environment. With better insulated buildings, the possibility of moisture problems and thermal bridges increases. There for, it is not only important to determine the energy performance of a building, but also whether moisture problems occur. There are several programs in which ...
Bruno Chinè , Valerio Mussi , Michele Monno , Andrea Rossi ,
 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
 Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
 Dipartimento di Meccanica, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy
Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. Foamed metals or alloys include gas voids in the material structure and therefore the density is introduced as a new variable, with the real possibility to modify ad hoc their physical properties. In the indirect foaming process carried out in a furnace, simultaneous mass, momentum and energy transfer between three phases, ...
Control the Poly-Dispersed Droplet Breakup Mode in a Droplet-based Microfluidic Device by External Electric Field
Y. Li , K. Nandakumar , M. Jain ,
 Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
Droplet–based microfluidics has received special research attentions in last two decades due to its superior control over fluid flow as well as other unique advantages. By introducing two immiscible fluids into microfluidic systems, the reagent fluid is encapsulated inside discrete droplets or slugs of nanoliter volume . Interestingly, two breakup modes, termed as “mono-dispersed” and ...
基于 Level-Set 界面跟踪方法建立了激光熔覆过程的三维瞬态数值模型，研究了瞬态熔化和凝固过程中传热传质的演化规律。该模型使用 Level-Set 方法跟踪熔池气/液界面，采用焓－多孔度（enthalpy-porosity）方法得到了固/液界面之间的糊状区，并考虑了质量添加、材料熔化/凝固、热毛细效应（Marangoni效应）、浮力效应、活性元素质量传输等对熔池流动和界面的影响。通过该模型，具体分析了质量添加、力和界面平衡条件对熔池气/液界面的影响，以及由熔池温度/浓度分布引起的热毛细效应、金属材料的熔/凝过程和熔池流动形式对熔池固/液界面的影响。结果表明：熔池的气/液界面主要由力平衡条件决定，截面近似为圆弧型，其尺寸与单位时间的质量添加量相关。熔池的固/液形态由于熔池的表面温度梯度和表面活性元素含量共同引起的熔池流动方向和速度的变化，出现三种不同的类型，分别为下凹型（熔池内流） ...
I .F. Melikhov , A. S. Amosov , S. A. Chivilikhin ,
 Corning Scientific Center, Saint Petersburg, Russia
 ITMO University, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Ultrasonic levitation is a novel technology for contactless handing of various objects. It is already used in various manufacturing processes where it is important to keep untouched surface. In this paper we introduce a model of so-called near-field ultrasonic levitation which allows flying heights of the hundred-micron order. Our model computes air flow in the gap between a vibration source and ...
H. Garg, A. K. Lall, Nidhi, V. S. Negi
Central Scientific Instruments Organisation, Chandigarh, India
PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh, India
UIET, Punjab University, Chandigarh, India
Microchannel heat sinks designed for applications in electronic cooling and having microscale heat transfer combine the attributes of high material compatibility, high surface area per unit volume ratios, and large potential heat transfer performance with a highly sophisticated and economic fabrication process. The present study deals with different microchannel shapes and different properties ...
R. P. Ruby, G. Kulkarni, U. Kanade
Noumenon Multiphysics Pvt. Ltd., Pune, Maharashtra, India
Seals leak primarily at the interface between seal and cavity (Figure 1). At a microscopic level, the interface between the seal and cavity consists of regions of contact between the two elements, and voids. The voids are connected to each other, forming a microscopic system of caverns through which the leaking fluid flows (Figure 2). In two previous papers, we investigated the microgeometry of ...
P. Namy , A. Oury , M. Youbi-Idrissi ,
 SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
 AIR LIQUIDE, Jouy en Josas, France
Heat transfer inside a refrigerated truck is a key phenomenon that governs the temperature inside the truck and the regulation of the cooling system. Up to now, a lot of experimental studies ([Tso et al., 02]) have been carried out to assess the effect of opening the door and to minimize the external heat transfer with fan air curtain. Together with AIR LIQUIDE, the world leader in gases, ...
A. Kumar , C. Kaur , S. S. Padhee ,
 PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh, India
 IIT Ropar, Punjab, India
This paper explores the complexities of a dragonfly's flapping wing motion. It includes the literature as well as analytical results using simulations done in COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The study depicts the Fluid-Structure Interaction of the 2D wing (airfoil) with air, governed by Naiver-Stokes equations. The wing follows mathematical functions and is given motion similar to dragonfly's ...
Y. M. S. El-Shazly, S. W. Eletriby
Alexandria University, Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt.
The annular reactor is a very useful design to carry many chemical reactions. In this study, COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used to study the isothermal mass transfer from the inner side of the outer tube of the annular reactor in the range of 200