Computational Study on Transition of Oil-Water Flow Morphology due to Sudden Contraction in Microfluidic Channel - new
J. Chaudhuri, S. Timung, T. K. Mandal, D. Bandyopadhyay
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, Assam, India
The flow morphology of two immiscible fluids in a microfluidic device finds numerous applications such as emulsification, synthesis of nanomaterials , lab-on-a-chip devices and biological analysis . It offers many advantages over the conventional macroscopic devices because of its availability for higher surface to volume ratio, ability to handle small volume of fluids, easier process ...
H. Rana ,
 Loughborough University, United Kingdom
This paper presents the investigation into the phenomena during batch reactor vessel mixing comparing agitation equipment; the Rushton turbine and the Marine propeller; in the production of bioethanol by yeast fermentation. The key factors addressed in selecting equipment were fluid vector flow, energy dissipation resulting in shear damage to yeast cells, agitation power consumption, critical ...
M. S. Valavanides , E. D. Skouras , A. N. Kalarakis , V. N. Burganos ,
 TEI Athens, Athens, Greece
 FORTH/ICE-HT, Patras, Greece
 TEI of Western Greece, Patras, Greece
Relative permeability maps for steady-state two-phase flow in porous media, delivered by implementing the DeProF model  algorithm, were integrated within COMSOL Multiphysics® software  to resolve field-scale flows in porous media. The mechanistic model DeProF , predicts the relative permeability of oil and water in terms of the capillary number, Ca, the oil/water flowrate ratio, r, ...
D. Sharma , A. Siddiqua ,
 Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) is a recent well researched technique which can be employed to obtain an amplified DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid). A continuous flow polymerase chain reaction with integrated MEMS based design micro heater for DNA amplification is implemented. Temperature zone is obtained by natural heat conduction rather than making use of typical silicon thermal cycler. Inter ...
Multiphysics Process Simulation of the Electromagnetic-Supported High Power Laser Beam Welding of Austenitic Stainless Steel
M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
The application of an oscillating magnetic field on the high-power full-penetration laser beam welding process of a 20 mm thick stainless steel plate was numerically and experimentally investigated. In the simulations, three-dimensional heat transfer and fluid dynamics as well as electromagnetics were solved taking into account the most important physical effects of the process, namely the ...
S. Durand , C. Dubois , P. Lafleur , V. Panchal , D. Park , P. Paradis , D. Lepage 
 École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
 US Army ARDEC, Picatinny Arsenal, NJ, USA
 General Dynamics OTS Canada Valleyfield, Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, QC, Canada
A novel propellant technology requires extruding two formulations with differential burning rates (slow and fast) together as a multilayered propellant. This multilayered propellant is processed into a concentric cylinder configuration, in the form of slow-fast-slow with single perforation. The main challenge originated from the different path lengths between the inner and outer sections of the ...
K. Stein, N. Gessner, R. Peterson, A. Wiedmann
Department of Physics, Bethel University, St. Paul, MN, USA
Undergraduate studies are carried out to examine the supersonic flow from an axisymmetric converging-diverging nozzle. Flow in the nozzle is initiated by the rupture of a diaphragm that is positioned between the nozzle and a 1-gallon pressurized air tank. Simulations are carried out in COMSOL Multiphysics® for unsteady, axisymmetric flow with the High Mach Number interface of the CFD Module. ...
Calvin College, Grand Rapids, MI, USA
Direct nose-to-brain drug delivery circumvents the blood-brain-barrier and has multiple advantages over intravenous delivery. However, its application is limited by the extremely low delivery efficiency to the olfactory region. This study evaluated the feasibility of targeted drug delivery with electrophoretic forces in a 2D human nose model. COMSOL Multiphysics® AC/DC, CFD, and Particle Tracing ...
L. Van Lokeren , R. Verhelle , S. Loulidi , H. Boyd , G. Ridolfi , G. Van Assche 
 Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
 Heerema Marine Contractors, Leiden, The Netherlands
A multilayer polymer coating is applied to carbon steel pipelines installed in the sea to protect against corrosion and to insulate to maintain the temperature. For field joint coatings, both thermosets (like polyurethane) and semi-crystalline thermoplastics (like polypropylene) are commonly used. To predict the temperature and crystallinity or conversion of the polymer during the cooling ...
Using Computational Fluid Dynamics Model to Predict Changes in Velocity properties in Stented Carotid Artery
S. Vaidehi, and A. Ritter
Stevens Institute of Technolgy, Hoboken, NJ, USA
Atherosclerosis is a disease that narrows, thickens, hardens and restructures a blood vessel due to substantial plaque deposit. In the Carotid Artery, the decision to treat using endarterectomy and stenting is determined by the velocity as measured by Doppler flow in the common Carotid Artery. The measured Doppler velocity as compared with the contra-lateral side has been correlated with the ...