R. Kiflemariam, M. Almaz, F. Zevallos, C. Lin
Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
A 2D transient heat conduction model was created in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the performance of photovoltaic-thermal (PVT) water system. The model captures the variation of important environmental and system parameters such as outside temperature, solar irradiation, air velocity and temperature. The model has a good agreement with experimental data for the photovoltaic cell ...
J. M. Dedulle , K. Ariyawong , D. Chaussende 
 Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France
 CNRS, Grenoble, France
Silicon carbide (SiC) single crystals are industrially produced by the physical vapor transport technique. Apart from the geometry of the growth setup, there are two main process parameters that can be controlled: temperature and pressure. To support the development of the process, numerical simulation has imposed as the only tool able to describe the process itself, providing a good evaluation ...
D. Rakshit , S. Ramanathan ,
 Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India
Centre for Science and Environment, New Delhi, India
Multiple effect evaporators use steam of temperature 120-200°C as a source of heat to evaporate water from solutions. Multiple effect evaporators are widely used by the food, desalination and wastewater treatment industry. In the present study as a proof of concept, multi-physics modeling has been done to demonstrate the phenomenon of evaporation of water with steam. Unit dimensional 2D ...
A. Miozzo , S. Boldrini , A. Ferrario , M. Fabrizio ,
 Institute of Condensed Matter Chemistry and Techologies for Energy - National Research Council of Italy, Padova, Italy
Silicide-based thermoelectric modules (TEMs) for power generation operate at mid-high temperature range. In the operating conditions, thermal stresses in materials with different coefficient of thermal expansion may reduce the mechanical strength of the modules. In this work, a finite element evaluation of the mechanical strength of a 16 legs thermoelectric module prototype operating with 300 K ...
Finite Element Modeling of Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer of a Single Maize Kernel Based on Water Potential Using COMSOL Multiphysics Simulation
A.J. Kovács, E. Lakatos, G. Milics, and M. Neményi
University of West Hungary, Institute of Biosystems Engineering, Mosonmagyarovar, Hungary
Finite element modeling of agricultural materials is very often used for describing physical processes. However, exact physical measurements are needed as input parameters for the models. Knowing the driving forces (potentials) during heat and mass transfers is necessary for an accurate model. Water potential gradients as the driving force are used in contrast with the conventional practice ...
S. Carcangiu, B. Cannas, G. Concu, N. Trulli
Department of Electric and Electronic Engineering, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
Department of Civil Engineering, Environmental and Architecture, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
Department of Architecture and Planning, University of Sassari, Alghero, Italy
An experimental program has been developed, with the purpose of evaluating the reliability in building diagnosis and characterization of an integrated analysis of several parameters related to heat transfer process through the building material. The Infrared Thermography Technique (IRT) has been applied. Experimental measurements have been carried out on a concrete structure with an inside ...
S. Fujii, Y. Wada
Chiba University, Chiba, Japan
Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan
Chemical reactions conducted under microwave irradiation have high reaction rates and high selectivity, but these reaction rates are not always reproducible. To achieve reproducibility, a solid-state microwave source with an ultra precise oscillator, high power amplifier module (HPA), and elliptical applicator is developed. This HPA has up to 141 W average power and generates pure 2.45-GHz sine ...
F. Figueroa , P. Aguirre ,
 STW, Sensor Technik Wiedemann GmbH, Kaufbeuren, Germany
This poster presents an evaluation study of a couple of heat trap designs, analyzing the generation of Joule heating and heat dissipation characteristics. Through parametric simulations of the heat traps varying geometries, it is possible to see the generated temperature difference at a constant current. Simulating a soldering process, the heat traps are tested on time dependent studies to see ...
M.H. Baghban, P. Jostein Hovde, and A. Gustavsen
Civil and Transport Engineering Department, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
Department of Architectural Design, History and Technology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
Simulation tools for building physics problems play an important role in design and understanding the behavior of energy efficient buildings. There are different tools available for simulation of these problems, but each simulation tool has its own advantages and limitations. In this paper, a heat transfer problem in an exterior building wall with high performance materials has been simulated in ...
Coupling Heat Transfer in Heat Pipe Arrays with Subsurface Porous Media Flow for Long Time Predictions of Solar Rechargeable Geothermal Systems
P. Oberdorfer, R. Hu, M. Azizur Rahman, E. Holzbecher, M. Sauter, P. Pärisch
Applied Geology, Geoscience Centre, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
Institute for Solar Energy Research Hameln/Emmerthal (ISFH), Emmerthal, Germany
An increased share of renewable energies is regarded as an integral part of a strategy towards a sustainable future. With regard to the heat supply sector this may be achieved using solar thermal collectors or heat pump systems with borehole heat exchangers. During the last years solar thermal and geothermal systems have generally been installed separately. Now, several proposals are discussed ...