COMSOL Multiphysics® Software and PV: A Unified Platform for Numerical Simulation of Solar Cells and Modules
M. Nardone ,
 Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH, USA
Introduction: Existing solar cell (photovoltaic, PV) device simulation software is either open source with limited capabilities (1D only) [1,2] or extremely expensive with obscure functionality . PV researchers need an accessible and versatile simulation tool to optimize existing technologies and to reduce the time from concept to prototype for new technologies. This work demonstrates how ...
N. Huc 
 COMSOL France, Grenoble, France
This session is devoted to phase change modeling in heat transfer simulations. The great interest in phase change comes from the outstanding thermal performance that it enables in particular for cooling or thermal protection applications. Alternatively, phase change can induce most of the energy cost in drying or cooking applications. In all of these cases, a thermal analysis is required to ...
Y. Zheng, B. Xin
Donghua University, Shanghai, China
Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai, China
The electric field plays a very important role in the electrospinning process, which needs to be seriously considered in the electrospinning configuration developing. High voltage involved in electrospinning process leads to difficulty in measuring the electric field. Numerical simulation is used to design the electric field, and experiments are carried out to validate the spinneret and ...
J. W. McTernan, I. Abu-Mahfouz
Buell Division of Fisher-Klosterman Inc., Lebanon, PA, USA
Pennsylvania State University - Harrisburg, Middletown, PA, USA
Fluidized Catalytic Cracking (FCC) regenerators utilize a fluidized bed to facilitate catalyst regeneration. Cyclones are used to separate the catalyst from the gas stream and return the catalyst to the fluidized bed; as the gas progresses through the system for further processing. This is accomplished by centrifugal forces that force the particles to dislodge from the fluid flow. The fluid ...
M. Mattheakis, C. Athanasopoulos, G. P. Tsironis
University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
We present numerical simulations for the propagation of surface plasmon polaritons in a dielectric-metal-dielectric waveguide using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. We show that the use of an active dielectric with gain that compensates metal absorption losses enhances substantially plasmon propagation. Furthermore, the introduction of the active material induces, for a specific gain value, a ...
P. Aliabadi, S. Mahmoud, R. K. AL-Dadah
Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
This study is focused on using a thermoelectric device (TED) as an alternative to the cryogenic liquid for cooling cryosurgical probe used for cancerous tissue ablation. Thermoelectric device, namely Peltier, is a solid state device which converts electric current to thermal gradient. In past years thermoelectric devices have been successfully utilized in refrigeration and air conditioning ...
Modeling of Packed Bed Reactors: Hydrogen Production by the Steam Reforming of Methane and Glycerol - new
A. Dixon, B. MacDonald, A. Olm
Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
The conventional route to hydrogen production is by steam reforming of methane (MSR) in a multitubular packed bed. With the increasing use of biodiesel as a renewable fuel, interest has grown in steam reforming of the excess glycerol produced as a side product (GSR). We use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to model a tubular packed bed reactor, solving a single pellet model at each point. The ...
A. Nagaraj , P. L. Mills ,
 Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA
H2SO4 is a very important chemical commodity, and indeed, a nation’s H2SO4 production has been a reasonably good indicator of its industrial strength for the last century or so1,2. Nearly 350 MM tons of H2SO4 was produced in 20143.The demand for H2SO4 in United States exceeds the supply and hence to increase production, recycling and innovative clean technologies must be explored. From ...
Modeling of Porous Catalyst Pellets: Comparison of Diffusion Flux Models for Steam Methane Reforming
P. L. Mills , L. Olabanji , A. Nagaraj , A. Nanduri ,
 Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA
Introduction Steam reforming of natural gas has been the most common method for producing synthesis gas (CO + H2) for the production of H2, MeOH and NH3 for over half a century . Production of H2 in the USA using steam methane reforming (SMR) is ca. 9 MM tons/yr. Global production of NH3 using H2 derived from SMR was ca. 109 MM/yr in 2004. In the chemical industry, the SMR process is ...
L. P. Aoki, H. E. Schulz, M. G. Maunsell
University of São Paulo, São Carlos, SP, Brazil
This article considers a closed water circuit with square cross section filled with an electrolyte fluid. The conductor fluid was moved using an electromagnetic pump, in which a permanent magnet generates a magnetic field and electrodes generate the electric field in the flow. Thus, the movement is a consequence of the magnetohydrodynamic (or MHD) effect. The model adopted here was derived from ...