J. H. K. Haertel , K. Engelbrecht , B. S. Lazarov , O. Sigmund ,
 Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde, Denmark
 Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lynby, Denmark
1. Introduction The topology optimization method is becoming increasingly popular as a design tool for multiphysics systems [1,2]. Topology optimization of fluid-thermal systems has been presented for example in  for forced convective heat transfer and in  for natural convection problems. In this work, topology optimization including density filtering and projection is applied to ...
P. Aliabadi, S. Mahmoud, R. K. AL-Dadah
Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
This study is focused on using a thermoelectric device (TED) as an alternative to the cryogenic liquid for cooling cryosurgical probe used for cancerous tissue ablation. Thermoelectric device, namely Peltier, is a solid state device which converts electric current to thermal gradient. In past years thermoelectric devices have been successfully utilized in refrigeration and air conditioning ...
M. Mattheakis, C. Athanasopoulos, G. P. Tsironis
University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
We present numerical simulations for the propagation of surface plasmon polaritons in a dielectric-metal-dielectric waveguide using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. We show that the use of an active dielectric with gain that compensates metal absorption losses enhances substantially plasmon propagation. Furthermore, the introduction of the active material induces, for a specific gain value, a ...
COMSOL Multiphysics® Software and PV: A Unified Platform for Numerical Simulation of Solar Cells and Modules
M. Nardone ,
 Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH, USA
Introduction: Existing solar cell (photovoltaic, PV) device simulation software is either open source with limited capabilities (1D only) [1,2] or extremely expensive with obscure functionality . PV researchers need an accessible and versatile simulation tool to optimize existing technologies and to reduce the time from concept to prototype for new technologies. This work demonstrates how ...
M. Hussain , Ramanathan S. , R. C. Thiagarajan ,
 ATOA Scientific Technologies, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Casting product performance depends on material, flow, Process Temperature, Solidification, Shrinkage and residual stress. In a casting process, not all available resources are utilized effectively which results in low quality of casting, defects and metal wastage. Physics based modeling is increasingly used to optimize product performance, improve quality and reduce defects of casting products. ...
J. W. McTernan, I. Abu-Mahfouz
Buell Division of Fisher-Klosterman Inc., Lebanon, PA, USA
Pennsylvania State University - Harrisburg, Middletown, PA, USA
Fluidized Catalytic Cracking (FCC) regenerators utilize a fluidized bed to facilitate catalyst regeneration. Cyclones are used to separate the catalyst from the gas stream and return the catalyst to the fluidized bed; as the gas progresses through the system for further processing. This is accomplished by centrifugal forces that force the particles to dislodge from the fluid flow. The fluid ...
Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have received tremendous attention as alternative photon harvesting devices. While the sintered TiO2 nanoparticle network attached with dye molecules achieves efficient photon absorption, the electrons have to diffuse through the long TiO2 network to reach the contact, resulting in a high electron density and thus increased recombination. Extensive research ...
Modeling of Packed Bed Reactors: Hydrogen Production by the Steam Reforming of Methane and Glycerol - new
A. Dixon, B. MacDonald, A. Olm
Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
The conventional route to hydrogen production is by steam reforming of methane (MSR) in a multitubular packed bed. With the increasing use of biodiesel as a renewable fuel, interest has grown in steam reforming of the excess glycerol produced as a side product (GSR). We use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to model a tubular packed bed reactor, solving a single pellet model at each point. The ...
A. Nagaraj , P. L. Mills ,
 Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA
H2SO4 is a very important chemical commodity, and indeed, a nation’s H2SO4 production has been a reasonably good indicator of its industrial strength for the last century or so1,2. Nearly 350 MM tons of H2SO4 was produced in 20143.The demand for H2SO4 in United States exceeds the supply and hence to increase production, recycling and innovative clean technologies must be explored. From ...
A. Bahrami, D. K. Aidun
MAE Department, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY, USA
COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to simulate the transport phenomena in arc welding of Nickel to 304SS. Electric Currents (ec) and Magnetic Fields (mf) are used to solve for the Lorentz force which is one of the volume forces. Laminar Flow (spf) is used to simulate flow field. The Lorentz and buoyancy forces are applied as volume forces to the fluid domain. Marangoni effect also is applied to the ...