2D Axisymmetric Simulation of Pulsed Electrochemical Machining (PECM) of Internal Precision Geometries
M. Hackert-Oschätzchen , M. Kowalick , R. Paul , M. Zinecker , D. Kuhn , G. Meichsner , A. Schubert ,
 Professorship Micromanufacturing Technology, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Chemnitz, Germany
 Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
 Professorship Micromanufacturing Technology, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Chemnitz, Germany; Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
This study presents investigations on a developed process design for manufacturing internal precision geometries by pulsed electrochemical machining (PECM) with help of multiphysics simulations. Therefore, a 2D axisymmetric transient model was created. The considered physical phenomena are fluid dynamics, thermodynamics, electrodynamics, the formation and transport of hydrogen as well as ...
A. Nagaraj , P. L. Mills ,
 Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA
H2SO4 is a very important chemical commodity, and indeed, a nation’s H2SO4 production has been a reasonably good indicator of its industrial strength for the last century or so1,2. Nearly 350 MM tons of H2SO4 was produced in 20143.The demand for H2SO4 in United States exceeds the supply and hence to increase production, recycling and innovative clean technologies must be explored. From ...
Modeling of Packed Bed Reactors: Hydrogen Production by the Steam Reforming of Methane and Glycerol - new
A. Dixon, B. MacDonald, A. Olm
Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
The conventional route to hydrogen production is by steam reforming of methane (MSR) in a multitubular packed bed. With the increasing use of biodiesel as a renewable fuel, interest has grown in steam reforming of the excess glycerol produced as a side product (GSR). We use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to model a tubular packed bed reactor, solving a single pellet model at each point. The ...
P. K. Bahumanyam
University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL, USA
Viable design alternative for the existing and fast growing UAVs which are optimized for unmanned flight is of great demand. Designing of a small scale UAV alternative to the AAI Aerosonde UAV has been considered changing the wing tail configuration of the vehicle analyzing both structural and aerodynamic performance improvements using COMSOL Multiphysics® software.
Modeling of Porous Catalyst Pellets: Comparison of Diffusion Flux Models for Steam Methane Reforming
P. L. Mills , L. Olabanji , A. Nagaraj , A. Nanduri ,
 Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA
Introduction Steam reforming of natural gas has been the most common method for producing synthesis gas (CO + H2) for the production of H2, MeOH and NH3 for over half a century . Production of H2 in the USA using steam methane reforming (SMR) is ca. 9 MM tons/yr. Global production of NH3 using H2 derived from SMR was ca. 109 MM/yr in 2004. In the chemical industry, the SMR process is ...
J. W. McTernan, I. Abu-Mahfouz
Buell Division of Fisher-Klosterman Inc., Lebanon, PA, USA
Pennsylvania State University - Harrisburg, Middletown, PA, USA
Fluidized Catalytic Cracking (FCC) regenerators utilize a fluidized bed to facilitate catalyst regeneration. Cyclones are used to separate the catalyst from the gas stream and return the catalyst to the fluidized bed; as the gas progresses through the system for further processing. This is accomplished by centrifugal forces that force the particles to dislodge from the fluid flow. The fluid ...
SPAWAR Systems Center (SSC) ATLANTIC, Charleston, SC, USA
Additive manufacturing uses 3D printing to build physical parts from CAD-based designs. The technology includes fused deposition modeling (FDM) and selective laser sintering (SLS) methods. 3-D printing is of particular interest for smaller, one-of-a-kind, customizable products. A cube satellite (CubeSat) containing fiber reinforced SLS parts has been successfully launched (Ref 1). Lower ...
J. Schüttler ,
 Rofin-Sinar Laser GmbH, Hamburg, Germany
High power CO2 lasers have been the workhorses for sheet metal cutting, welding and many more applications in materials processing during the past decades. Even though a significant replacement by fiber coupled lasers takes place, there are still many applications that benefit from the characteristics of CO2 lasers with a high beam quality. Modeling the plasma behavior is essential for ...
P. Aliabadi, S. Mahmoud, R. K. AL-Dadah
Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
This study is focused on using a thermoelectric device (TED) as an alternative to the cryogenic liquid for cooling cryosurgical probe used for cancerous tissue ablation. Thermoelectric device, namely Peltier, is a solid state device which converts electric current to thermal gradient. In past years thermoelectric devices have been successfully utilized in refrigeration and air conditioning ...
M. Mattheakis, C. Athanasopoulos, G. P. Tsironis
University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
We present numerical simulations for the propagation of surface plasmon polaritons in a dielectric-metal-dielectric waveguide using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. We show that the use of an active dielectric with gain that compensates metal absorption losses enhances substantially plasmon propagation. Furthermore, the introduction of the active material induces, for a specific gain value, a ...