H. Cabrera, D.A. Zanin, L.G. De Pietro, A. Vindigni, U. Ramsperger, D. Pescia
Laboratory for Solid State Physics, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
A sharp tip approached perpendicular to a conducting surface at subnanometer distances and biased with a small voltage builds a junction across which electrons can be transferred from the tip apex to the nearest surface atom by direct quantum mechanical tunneling. Such a junction is used e.g. in Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM). When the distance d between tip and collector is increased ...
Bridging the Complexity Gap in Modern Engineering Education with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new
L. Fromme, C. Schröder
Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences, Bielefeld, Germany
Multiphysics simulations play an important role in researchanddevelopment in almost all disciplines. Therefore it is necessary to teach them at the universities to provide the industry with well-trained graduate students. In our lectures about the finite element method we use a simple but rich enough example problem, which can be solved analytically. By comparing numerical and analytical ...
J. Thanikachalam, P. Nagaraj
Mepco Schlenk Engineering College, Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu, India
The Automotive industry has now become a technology of “Drive by Wire”. This technology is used to replace the conventional mechanical system by electromechanical system which is able to perform the same tasks faster, more reliably and accurately. The problems with the traditional braking systems are unreliable at high speeds, long respond time, more brake pad wear, high temperature operating ...
J. M. Russell ,
 Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL, USA
The velocity field of a fluid flow in an unbounded domain, R, in which the spin of fluid elements is nonzero only within a bounded subdomain, Ri---namely, the interior of a sphere of radius, a---is simulated by equation-based modeling. A change of independent variable motivated by Kelvin Inversion maps the region exterior to Ri, hereinafter denoted Re, to a proxy domain, Q, in the form of a ...
X. Ma, M.B. de Rooij, and D.J. Schipper
Materials Innovation Institute, Enschede, The Netherlands
University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
This paper describes the use of COMSOL Multiphysics® to determine the shear layer thickness in thin–section aluminum extrusion, based on the minimum work criterion. The studied two aluminum alloys are AA 6063 and AA 7020. The results show that a continuous shear layer featuring shear localization due to localized thermal softening is not possible to form under typical thin&ndash ...
S. Carcangiu, B. Cannas, G. Concu, N. Trulli
Department of Electric and Electronic Engineering, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
Department of Civil Engineering, Environmental and Architecture, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
Department of Architecture and Planning, University of Sassari, Alghero, Italy
An experimental program has been developed, with the purpose of evaluating the reliability in building diagnosis and characterization of an integrated analysis of several parameters related to heat transfer process through the building material. The Infrared Thermography Technique (IRT) has been applied. Experimental measurements have been carried out on a concrete structure with an inside ...
Department of Mathematics, Monmouth University, West Long Branch, NJ, USA
Atherosclerotic lesions preferentially develop in certain regions like bifurcations, branches, and bends [1, 2]. A possible explanation for such a preferential localization of atherosclerosis is that the geometry of the vessel influences the blood flow pattern. It suggests that the arterial geometry plays an important role in determining the localized blood flow information. Thus hemodynamic ...
Optimization of Thermal Properties Identification of Complex Thin Films Using MATLAB® and COMSOL Multiphysics
N. Semmar, B. Wane
GREMI, UMR7344, CNRS-University of Orleans, Orléans Cedex 2, France
The importance of laser processing and thermal properties investigation of bulk materials and thin layers is still increasing. For thermal properties investigation many experimental systems were developed based on the photothermal effect. One of typical ways is to induce a rapid surface temperature increase is to use a pulsed laser beam, create a simplified model of this interaction, and compare ...
H. van Halewijn ,
 Fontys Hogeschool, Applied Physics, Eindhoven, Netherlands
COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to simulate thermal flow experiments at out University for Applied Physics. Students have to measure thermal flow problems and verify the measurements with detailed simulations. The desired accuracy is 5% or less. The presentation will cover 3 laboratory experiments: cooling of an Aluminum rod by natural convection, time dependent heat flow into a container with sand ...
Multiphysics Simulations in Complex 3D Geometry of the High Flux Isotope Reactor Fuel Elements using COMSOL
J. Freels, and P. Jain
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Oak Ridge, TN
A current research and development project is ongoing to convert the operating High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) from highly-enriched uranium (HEU U3-O8) fuel to low-enriched uranium (LEU U-Mo) fuel. Because LEU HFIR-specific testing and experiments will be limited, we are relying on COMSOL to provide the needed multiphysics simulation capability to ...