Carbonation in Water

Application ID: 67701


This example shows how to model carbonation, which is a type of sparging. Sparging is a mass transfer process between a gas and a liquid that is common in industry (such as beverage carbonation and photobioreactor applications) and at home (aquarium aeration).

In the carbonation model, we solve the equations for bubbly flow coupled to the dissolution of carbon dioxide and the transport of dissolved carbon dioxide in water and the resulting carbonic acid.

Learn more in this blog post: How to Model Sparging in COMSOL Multiphysics®

This model example illustrates applications of this type that would nominally be built using the following products: