# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Non-Newtonian Flow

This model shows the influence of shear rate dependent viscosity on the flow of a linear polystyrene solution. For this type of flow, you can use the Carreau viscosity model. Due to rotational symmetry, it is possible to reduce the model dimensions from 3D to axisymmetric 2D.

### Modeling a Sphere Falling on a Water Surface

This model shows modeling of a sphere falling on a water surface. Specifically, it models the oscillating motion of a buoyant sphere as it falls through air and interacts with the air-water interface to finally float on water. Get more details in our blog post: [Modeling a Sphere Falling on a Water Surface](https://www.comsol.com/blogs/modeling-a-sphere-falling-on-a-water-surface/)

### Displacement Ventilation

In general, there are two classes of ventilation: mixing ventilation and displacement ventilation. In displacement ventilation, air enters a room at the floor level and displaces warmer air to achieve the desired temperature. Heating sources in the room can include running electronic devices, or inlet jets of warm air. A potential issue with the displacement ventilation approach is that ...

### NACA Airfoil Optimization

The aerodynamic properties of a wing, propeller, or turbine blade are to a large extent determined by the precise shape of the airfoil that is used. The NACA Airfoil Optimization application computes the two main aerodynamic properties (the lift and drag coefficients) of a fully parameterized NACA airfoil. It can be used to visualize how changes to the airfoil thickness, camber, and chord length ...

### Water Balloon Inflation

The process of filling a water balloon is a vivid example for the interaction of fluid pressure and a nonlinear structural material. This model demonstrates how straightforward a FSI simulation model is set up in COMSOL.

### Supersonic Air-to-Air Ejector

In this study, the compressible turbulent flow through a supersonic ejector is modeled using the *High Mach Number Flow* interface in the CFD Module. Ejectors are simple mechanical components used for a wide range of applications, including industrial refrigeration, vacuum generation, gas recirculation, and thrust augmentation in aircraft propulsion systems. Ejectors induce a secondary flow ...

### Separation Through Electrocoalescence

Applying an electric field across a suspension of immiscible liquids may stimulate droplets of the same phase to coalesce. The method known as electrocoalescence has important applications, for instance, in the separation of oil from water. To model electrocoalescence, you need to solve the Navier-Stokes equations, describing the fluid motion, as well as track the interfaces between the ...

### Contaminant-Removal from Wastewater in a Secondary Clarifier by Sedimentation

Wastewater treatment is a several-step process for removing contaminants. Firstly, large, solid particles are removed through sedimentation, flotation, and filtration. And then in a second step, biological treatment causes the smaller particles to aggregate, forming so called flocs. These flocs can be more easily removed by processes such as sedimentation. In a circular secondary clarifier, ...

### Sloshing Two-Phase Flow in an Automobile Fuel Tank

Sloshing occurs in the tanks of vehicles during rapid acceleration and braking. This can be significantly reduced by inserting internal baffles into the tanks, positioned in a way so that the amplitude of the sloshing oscillation is dampened. Simulation can help to estimate effective designs for the baffles. The model investigates the two-phase flow in a realistic tank geometry, while tracking ...

### Vibrating Plate in a 2D Viscous Parallel Plate Flow

This is a small 2D demonstration model that couples the *Linearized Navier-Stokes, Frequency Domain*, *Solid Mechanics*, and *Creeping Flow* physics interfaces to model the vibrations of a plate located in a 2D viscous parallel plate flow. This type of model is used to model fluid-structure interaction (FSI) in the frequency domain. For simplicity, the flow is assumed to be a creeping flow. ...

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