# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Linear Buckling Analysis of a Truss Tower

Trusses are commonly used to create light structures that can support heavy loads. When designing such a structure, it is important to ensure its safety. For a tower made of bars, buckling can cause the structure to collapse. This model shows how to compute the critical buckling load using a linear buckling analysis. The solution is compared with an analytical expression for critical load ...

### Chemical Etching

This example illustrates the principle of wet chemical etching for 2D geometry under laminar flow. The purpose of this tutorial is to examine how the copper substrate material is depleted and how the cavity shape evolves during the wet etching process. Wet chemical etching is particularly important for microelectronics industry for patterning of integrated circuit, MEMS devices, optoelectronic ...

### Optimal Cooling of a Tubular Reactor

Maximizing product yield is a main task in chemical reaction engineering. This can be especially challenging if the desired product, once formed, can be consumed by further reactions. This example investigates such a series reaction as it occurs in a tubular reactor. You will start by setting up the tightly coupled mass and energy balance equations describing the reactor using predefined ...

### Viscous Catenary

The catenary is the geometrical shape that corresponds to the curve followed by an idealized chain or cable supported at both ends and hanging under its own weight. The viscous catenary problem describes the motion of a cylinder of highly viscous fluid, supported at its ends as it flows under gravity. In the last decade this problem has generated significant theoretical and experimental interest ...

### Disc Resonator Anchor Losses

This model shows how to compute the anchor loss limited quality factor of a diamond disc resonator. The resonator is anchored to the substrate by a polysilicon post and power is transmitted to the substrate through the post. A perfectly matched layer is used to represent the essentially infinite substrate. The model is based on a paper presented at the 2007 COMSOL conference in Grenoble: P. ...

### Modeling of Wires, Surfaces, and Solids with Boundary-Element-Based Electrostatics

These examples demonstrate using the *Electrostatics, Boundary Elements* interface, introduced in version 5.3 of the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. In the blog post associated with these files, "[How to Create Electrostatics Models with Wires, Surfaces, and Solids](/blogs/how-to-create-electrostatics-models-with-wires-surfaces-and-solids/)", we demonstrate the pros and cons of using the boundary ...

### Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition of Methane

Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engines are being considered as an alternative to traditional spark- and compression-ignition engines. As the name implies, a homogeneous fuel/oxidant mixture is auto-ignited by compression with simultaneous combustion occurring throughout the cylinder volume. Combustion temperatures under lean burn operation are relatively low, resulting in low ...

### Ion Energy Distribution Function

One of the most useful quantites of interest after solving a self-consistent plasma model is the ion energy distribution function (IEDF). The magnitude and shape of the IEDF depends on many of the discharge parameters; pressure, plasma potential, sheath width etc. At very low pressures the plasma sheath is said to be collisionless, meaning that the ion energy is not retarded by collisions with ...

### Molecular Flow Through an S-Bend

This model computes the transmission probability through an s-bend geometry using both the angular coefficient method available in the Free Molecular Flow interface and a Monte Carlo method using the Mathematical Particle Tracing interface. The computed transmission probability by the two methods is in excellent agreement with less than a 1% difference. This model requires the Particle Tracing ...

### Thermal Performances of Windows

During the design of a building, environmental issues have gained considerable influence in the entire project. One of the first concerns is to improve thermal performances. In this process, simulation software are key tools to model thermal losses and performances in the building. The international standard ISO 10077-2:2012 deals with thermal performance of windows, doors and shutters. It ...

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