# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Aquifer Characterization

This model uses the Optimization interface to solve the inverse problem for determining the spatially variable hydraulic conductivity on a discretized quadratic grid from a number of aquifer pump tests. Because the number of observations is smaller than the number of unknown parameters, a geostatistical penalty term is used to discriminate between solutions with comparable fitness values. ...

### Lumped Model of a Vehicle Suspension System

In this example, a lumped model of a vehicle suspension system having 11 degrees of freedom is analyzed. The _Mass_, _Spring_, and _Damper_ nodes of the _Lumped Mechanical System_ interface are used to model the wheels, including suspension system as well as the seats with a passenger. The vehicle body, having 3 degrees of freedom, is modeled as a rigid body in the _Multibody Dynamics_ ...

### Snap Hook

This example simulates the insertion of a snap hook in its groove. Fasteners like this are common in the automotive industry, for example, in the control panel of a car. In this case it is important to know the force that must be applied in order to place the hook in the slot and also the force needed to remove it. From a numerical point of view, this is a highly nonlinear structural analysis, ...

### Ultrahigh Vacuum, Chemical Vapor Deposition

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is a process often used in the semiconductor industry to grow layers of high-purity solid material on top of a wafer substrate. CVD is achieved using many different techniques and across a range of pressures from atmospheric to ultrahigh vacuum (UHV/CVD). UHV/CVD is performed at pressures below 10-6 Pa (10-8 Torr), so gas transport is achieved by molecular flow ...

### Three-Port Ferrite Circulator

A microwave circulator is a multiport device in which a wave incident on Port 1 is coupled only into Port 2; a wave incident on Port 2 is coupled only into Port 3; and so on. Circulators are used to isolate microwave components, for example, to couple a transmitter and a receiver to a common antenna. They typically rely on anisotropic materials, most commonly ferrites. This model simulates ...

### Circular Waveguide Filter

A circular waveguide filter is designed using a 2D axisymmetric model. Six annular rings added to the waveguide form circular cavities connected in series, and each cavity cutoff frequency is close to the center frequency of the filter. The simulated S-parameters show a bandpass frequency response.

### MOSFET with Mobility Models

This model shows how to add several linked mobility models to the simple MOSFET example.

### Beam Section Calculator

The Beam Section Calculator app allows you to evaluate cross section data for a wide range of American and European standard beams. Given a set of forces and moments acting on the section, you can also compute a detailed stress distribution. Calculated cross section data can also easily be extracted for use as input data for beam analyses in COMSOL Multiphysics. The app is built upon the ...

### Simulating the Motion of a Bicycle on a Flat Surface

This model demonstrates the motion of a bicycle with a hands-free rider when given an initial forward velocity and perturbed with a lean about the forward axis. This is implemented through the Multibody Dynamics module in COMSOL. The wheels of the bicycle have been modelled assuming knife-edge contact with the ground and pure rolling constraints have been implemented. Stability analysis was ...

### Linear Buckling Analysis of a Truss Tower

Trusses are commonly used to create light structures that can support heavy loads. When designing such a structure, it is important to ensure its safety. For a tower made of bars, buckling can cause the structure to collapse. This model shows how to compute the critical buckling load using a linear buckling analysis. The solution is compared with an analytical expression for critical load ...

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